HY103 Lecture 8
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Taylor Notetaker on Friday February 12, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to HY103 at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa taught by Jenny Shaw in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 29 views.
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Date Created: 02/12/16
Lecture 8:TransAtlantic Slave Trade Slaves and Slave Trading in Africa (West Africa) Slaves could be: (ethnic background didn’t define if you were enslaved) 1. War captives 2. Debtors 3. Convicted criminals (judicial slavery) Slave Rights 1. Could work for their freedom 2. Could marry into the family they were enslaved to (commonly seen) 3. Can own property *Slave status didn’t pass from parent to child Infrastructure of Enslavement ● Europeans made little effort to colonize Africa because : ○ They realized African leaders were too powerful ○ The tropical diseases were too harmful to them Europeans trade with African merchants for slaves: 1. Guns 2. Rum 3. Cloth from indian subcontinent (Starts the TransAtlantic Slave Trade) Elmina Fort (slave fort for 300 years) ● Portuguese fort ● 18th century :30,000 captives passed through its gates every year. Cape Coast Castle ● British fort ● Cellular undergrounds held captives waiting for purchases ● Each cell could hold about 1000 captives ● These places were to prevent the people from rising up and revolting ● The people were branded and examine by surgeons to insure they would get on the right ships. Slave Ships ● A huge part of this slave trade for multiple role ○ Floating factory (person became a commodity) ○ Prison for the slaves ○ Fortresses ● Any ship could be a slave ship ○ Platforms were built between decks ○ Captives could stand or move ○ 300600 people crammed below the decks ○ English were the most efficient in packing people on the ships ○ Shackles were used to keep people down. The Middle Passage ● Death rates were high, when people died they were thrown overboard. ● Sharks used to follow the ships to catch the people once they were thrown overboard ● Suicide was common because the people thought their bodies would return home once they had died James Dewolf ● Member of the RU slave trading family ● Captain of the ship Polly ● Journey from the Gold Coast to Cuba in 1791 ● Was charged with murder for throwing a live women off the side of the boat ● Slave women was said to have smallpox and James didn’t want her ruining the rest of his “cargo” so he throw her overboard even though the rest of his crew didn’t want to ● When it came time to have the trail James Dewolf set out to sea for 4 years and on his return none of his old crew members were to be found so the case was dropped. From Captives to Commodities ● Food and Water high starch foods were given to the captives once they reached land so that they would look healthy and fresh water was also given to them to give them a perk up. ● Physical Appearance They would shave the people’s head to get rid of lice, give them fewer shackles, clean them off from their of fece, and oil them up to mask the scars from the trip over.
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