FHS 213, Week 7 Notes
FHS 213, Week 7 Notes FHS 213
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This 1 page Class Notes was uploaded by Emma Cochrane on Friday February 12, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to FHS 213 at University of Oregon taught by Alltucker K in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 34 views. For similar materials see Issues Children & Family >2 in Child and Family Studies at University of Oregon.
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Date Created: 02/12/16
Youth Gangs 1. What does a gang member look like? Anyone can be a gang member, but it’s mostly minority youth. There’s not a speciﬁc image. Stereotypes: similar clothing, tattoos, bandanas, symbols or colors to represent them, etc. 2. What do you know about youth gangs in Lane County? Absolutely nothing 3. Why do you think people join gangs? To feel accepted and a sense of belonging to something, because they think it’s cool or makes them look cool, they want safety and protection, they lack money 4. How would you deﬁne a “gang”? A deviant peer group who believes in the same things and cause chaos within a community. 5. How should communities respond to gangs? Provide more opportunities to children to keep them out of gangs, law enforcement Tucson Gang Scene Tucson Metro area is 1+ million people Generational gang membership Bloods and Crips (mixed race) Mexican Maﬁa “La Eme” not happy about Latinos joining “Black” gangs Gang activity 8am to 5pm Graﬃti (small and subtle, back of stop signs & on curbs, graﬃti the trash cans of opposing gangs) What is a gang? Name/Identity Leadership structure Colors/Dress/Symbols Territory/Turf Meetings/Continuous Associations Organized Criminal Activity Is it against the law to belong to a gang? No, but criminal activity is against the law. Diﬀerent Gang Types: Criminal Street Gangs Prison Gangs Outlaw Motorcycle Gangs White Supremacist Gangs Statistics 95% male 50% latino, 32% african american, 11% white, 7% other 44% of total gang members are in larger cities, 29% in small cities, 21% in suburban counties, 6% in rural counties 40% 18 and younger, 60% adults Approximately 800,000 gang members across the country Common Myths About Gangs Gangs have a formal organization (actually, tend to have more ﬂuid leadership) Gangs are huge: have 20,000 members (actually, gangs tend to be small) Gangs with the same name are connected (actually, they aren’t) Gang member spend most of the time planning crimes (actually, they don’t) Law enforcement will wipe out all the gangs (actually, the response isn’t more police oﬃcers, it’s less gangs) You can never leave a gang (actually, many people have successfully left gangs. it’s diﬃcult because gangs are family and it’s hard to leave your family) Why Do People Join Gangs? Protection Family/Friends in gang Belonging Money Having a good time (hanging out with friends) Respect/Identity Recognition Gang-Joining Continuum 1. Non-Gang Member 2. Associate (to get into a gang, many people have to commit violent acts as an initiation. for women, many have to perform sexual acts for initiation) 3. Active Gang Member 4. Prison 5. Re-entry to community (then go back to active gang member or non-gang member) According to Eugene Police, if you do any 2 of these, you are a gang member: Admit to police that you are a gang member Participate in a criminal gang initiation, ritual, or ceremony Display knowledge of gang’s history, leadership, activities, or rituals Tell the police you are willing to commit crimes or make other sacriﬁces for the criminal gang Have a criminal gang tattoo Frequently associate with known gang aﬃliates Wear clothes or jewelry unique to hang, or use a hand sign, or language that due to content or context, clearly indicates gang aﬃliation. Identiﬁed Gangs in Lane County: Small Local Gangs: Barger St. Locos River Road Gangster Bloods Ruby Ave Bloods Young Ass Kings Krazy Ass Ladies State-Level Gangs West Side Piru Oreganized Aryan Crime Syndicate Brown Pride Chicanas Trece LA-Based Gangs South Side Loma Trece South Side San Bernadino Trece 40 Gangs in Lane County 47% Sureno 18% Bloods 9% Crips 6% Prison Adult Criminal Justice System Turn of the Century in Oregon Huge increase in drug crimes In 2004, Oregon had the highest rate of meth treatment in the nation 60% of oﬀenders convicted for drugs, guns, bank robbery, etc. Of that 60%, most had substance abuse issues. Very high “revocation rates” – only option was to send them back to prison Oﬀenders were going back to prison at a high rate for ongoing drugs/alcohol use. Judge Ann Aiken article 3 judge got sick and tired of sending people back to prison & believed there were a better way made the Oregon reentry court (third in the nation) role of judge: leader/convener/accountability role of parole oﬃcer: integrate “law enforcement” with “casework” approach. Quantitative Study (looked at 4 diﬀerent groups) Current (people in drug court) 48% male average age: 35.8 39.5 months in prison 64% employed 44% with high school diploma or GED total sanctions: .92 number of UA’s on average: 21.7 number of positive UA’s on average: 2.4 number of services used on average: 2 Graduators (people who ﬁnished drug court) 71% male average age: 38.9 50.5 months in prison 65% employed 35% with high school degree or GED total sanctions: 1.6 number of UA’s on average: 22.1 number of positive UA’s on average: 3.7 number of services used on average: 2 Terminators (people who were terminated from drug court) 80% male average age: 40.1 39 months in prison 30% employed 60% with high school diploma or GED total sanctions: 2.9 number of UA’s on average: 18.6 number of positive UA’s on average: 3.1 number of services used on average: 1.9 Comparison (those who didn’t attend drug court after prison) 86% male average age: 33 55.4 months in prison 93% employed 39% with high school diploma or GED total sanctions: .25 number of UA’s on average: 6.9 number of positive UA’s on average: 1 number of services used on average: 1.1 Reasons for sanctions: 30% missed UA’s 28% positive UA’s 20% missed treatment 10% missed court Incarceration Nation: America has the highest incarceration rate in the world Every year, 600,000 people are released (today’s prisoner is tomorrow’s neighbor) 600 people back into Lane County from prison each year. 4.9 million people under parole/probation/supervised release 2.3 million behind bars (jail/prison) Within 3 years, 65% are rearrested and 50% go back to prison. 13% of the general population are black, but 46% of prison populations are black. War on Drugs Started in 1971 Tough new drug laws Mandatory sentences Drug convictions accounted for most of the increase (60%) African Americans disproportionally sent to prison for drug crimes Many studies have shown White youth more likely to engage in illegal drug dealing The U.S. incarcerates a larger percent of its Black population than South African did in apartheid People of all races use drugs at similar rates Children & Incarceration of Parents There are 7 million (2%) children who have at least one parent in prison (90% dads and 10% moms) 2% <1 year 20% ages 1-4 36% ages 5-9 28% ages 10-14 14% ages 15-17 Known eﬀects of children with incarcerated parent(s): 20% internalizing behaviors 30% externalizing behaviors Impaired emotional development Acute traumatic stress reactions Impaired bonding/attachment Financial eﬀects on families
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