Week 5 of notes
Popular in Global History 1500 to Present
Popular in History
This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Allee Ilgenfritz on Friday February 12, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to His 251 at La Salle University taught by Dr. Stebbins in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 10 views. For similar materials see Global History 1500 to Present in History at La Salle University.
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Date Created: 02/12/16
“Guns, Germs, and Steel” 2/15 Moctezuma and Cortes Cortes arrived in Tenochtitlan on November 2, 1519 Moctezuma wasn’t sure how to deal with the invaders La Malinche: a native woman who served as Cortes’ translator, advisor, and mistress Aztecs claim Moctezuma greets Cortes as a God, meaning Moctezuma introduces himself as a God Cortes eventually seizes control of Moctezuma in his own house Cortes was diverted by the need to march back east, defeating troops from Cuba who attempted to arrest him Conquest of the Aztecs Used cannons as intimidation, not necessarily to use against enemies Tenochtitlan became the capital, growing into an empire that consisted of 6 inner provinces in the Valley of Mthico After the middle of the 15 century, the triple alliance conquered a set of 55 city states outside the valley as “outer provinces” Created an imperial polity from the Pacific to the Gulf, from Tarasco to Oaxaca Aztec writers do not like the Spaniards because they are greedy Spanish had allies: diseases (smallpox, etc) Native Americans were not ready for disease because they were basically in isolation, nobody was immune to such dangerous diseases Potosi Mines Potosi Mine was a whole mountain of silver The Spanish transported 25,000 to 35,000 tons of silver across the ocean, within a few years they doubled that amount Native Americans did the mining because it was so dangerous, also not enough Spanish conquistadors do to the work Once African American slaves were brought over, they began to do the mining after the Native Americans Encomienda: the right to use Indian local labor John Winthrop (1587/8 – 1649) It is assumed that the Native Americans let the land go to waste Assumed that they don’t know how to farm so Europeans automatically have the right to the land Atlantic System 2/17 Atlantic world helps us to connect countries Atlantic system can be considered as a set/series of economic relationships in which European finance, shipping, management and manufacturers, American land and mineral resources, and African labor were integrated into distinctive patterns of trade Estimated 14 million slaves were transported, many died on the boats on the way Many slaves ended up in Brazil and the Caribbean Reading notes (Ligon reading for this day) Ligon went to Barbados for money, he lost his family fortune due to the king being killed He would purchase and sell slaves in hopes to make 100,000 pounds to make his family rich for the next 10 generations (200 years) Slavery existed before the Europeans Ligon is involved with the slave trade and is trying to advertise the slave market Lack of communication between slaves may be why there was no rebellion. Slaves were purchased from different parts of Africa so they wouldn’t speak the same language If a slave were to be under suspicion of being a leader among other slaves, they had limbs cut off, or were even killed Creole – mix of cultures **** Why are slaves treated better than European servants? Because European servants were only kept for 7 years, slaves are a bigger investment **** Why does Equiano say that being on a slave ship is awful? He claims it is fundamentally unchristian, he calls out socalled Christians for treating slaves in the manner that they do Phillips document Says he wouldn’t mutilate a slave and all people are equal, but he sells slaves and makes a large profit off of them Eventually, the slaves rebel The Indian Ocean System 2/19/16 Vasco de Gama Reached Southern India by 1498 (by sea) There he ran into the Moors people (Muslim traders) Gama mistakes everyone in India for Christians De Gama’s encounter with the Spanish King did not go as well as planned: they laughed at the gifts Vasco was trying to give Europeans wanted Asian goods, but Asians did not want European goods, they prefer money **** Why put bases in straits? Ships have to go through these narrow rivers, making it easy to stop the sailors and charge them tax, take them hostage, etc. East India Companies Merchants raise the capital and form company The State (English, Dutch, and French) grants the company both a monopoly and the Right to Arm its vessels, to establish bases, and make war/peace as needed to defend their commercial interests They are in effect “ministates”; will engage in commercial, military, and imperial competition. The East India Company will eventually eclipse the Mughal Empire and take over India In other words, they begin as trading companies and end up being Empires The English set up bases in India In the 1660’s the East India Company set up a base in Bombay – in modern day it’s now called Mumbai – the name changed when India gained its independence from Britain Printed Calico (India, 18 C.) Cotton made in India is the best, most affordable cotton to the British Cotton was attractive to them because it was easy to manipulate, easy to dye Bengal was the center of textile production Textiles were 80% of the English trade
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