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GEOL 101 Modification of Rocks by Folding and Fracturing: Lecture 11

by: Natalee Stanton

GEOL 101 Modification of Rocks by Folding and Fracturing: Lecture 11 101-017

Marketplace > University of South Carolina > Geology > 101-017 > GEOL 101 Modification of Rocks by Folding and Fracturing Lecture 11
Natalee Stanton

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These notes will cover the Power Points, Professors Lecture, and answers to the the Sample Exam Questions
Geology 101-017
Class Notes
Geology 101
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Natalee Stanton on Friday February 12, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to 101-017 at University of South Carolina taught by in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 30 views. For similar materials see Geology 101-017 in Geology at University of South Carolina.


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Date Created: 02/12/16
GEOL 101: Deformation: Modification of Rocks by Folding and Fracturing  Stress – force applied to a rock per unit area o Types of Stress  Compression – pushed together  Tension – pulled apart   Shearing­  moving sideways   Strain – change in shape and/or volume of a rock body as a result of  applied stresses   Strength – ability of an object to resist deformation o Compressive or tensile  Deformation of Rocks  ­ Folds and faults are geologic structures caused by deformation  Structural Geology  ­ is the study of the deformation of rocks and its  effects How do we measure Deformation? 1. Many rocks occur naturally in layers o Sedimentary rocks o Lava flows o Metamorphic rocks (foliated) 2. Many features within rock bodies are either planar or linear  o Minerals  o Foliation  Strick and dip on a rooftop  Dip – angle of steepest descent of the bed form the horizontal   Strike – orientation of a horizontal line, at right angles to the dip  direction  Sample Exam Question Which mineral is commonly used to determine a metamorphic P­T path?  a. Calcite  b. Garnet  c. Muscovite d. Quartz


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