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General Psychology with Garrett Pollert

by: Rachel Qualls

General Psychology with Garrett Pollert Psyc 2003

Marketplace > Psychlogy > Psyc 2003 > General Psychology with Garrett Pollert
Rachel Qualls


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About this Document

These notes cover what was discussed during Week One of the spring semester on January 22, 2016.
General Psychology
Garrett Pollert
Class Notes
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Rachel Qualls on Friday February 12, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Psyc 2003 at a university taught by Garrett Pollert in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 35 views.


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Date Created: 02/12/16
Friday, February 12, 2016 Week One Psychology Lecture Notes Notes from January 22, 2016 The Evolution of Psychology/Modern Psychology (Chapters One and Two) -Psychology is the scientific study of the mind and behavior -Science: testing ideas using empirical methods -Mind: Private inner experiences, e.g., perceptions, thoughts, memories and feelings (these are for you and you alone, no one else gets them but you) -Behavior: observable actions of human beings and nonhuman animals (everyone else can see them — actions) -Psychological roots: Ancient Greece. Psychology stems from both Philosophy and Biology -Philosophy: Plato and Aristotle. Plato came up with the idea of Nativism. People are born this way (think of Lady Gaga). We have all knowledge when we are born. -Aristotle believed people gained knowledge through experience. (Empiricism) It’s based on your history. (Nature v. Nurture). You were always this v. you have been taught to be this. -Biology from Ancient Greece: HIPPOCRATES. Greek Physician, he said “Do No Harm” and he also thought the behavior was related to the body. The four “humors” (“too much blood makes you happy” or “too much black vial makes you depressed” - these actually aren't true) -Rene Descartes: he believed there were two components to every person… body and then mind. (Mind-Body Dualism) He believed these came through the pineal gland. -Thomas Hobbes: The mind is what the brain does. The way your brain functions is what makes your mind. -Joseph Gall: He invented phrenology. He said that the brain areas equate to mental capacities. “Bigger is better!” (Women are smaller than men, this meant that men were smarter- not true). He would measure people’s heads to see how smart you were. Based off dents, he would say they were dumb or weren't creative. -Paul Broca: brain damage to a specific area led to aphasia (the ability to produce speech)- This is called Broca’s area. If they were to speak, it wouldn't make any sense 1 Friday, February 12, 2016 at all. This means that Joseph Gall was wrong with the specifics but was correct with a generalization. -Know these in order: -Structuralism: breaking down consciousness into its basic components for individual study (easier to study individual components than the whole) Consciousness is self awareness. Wilhelm Wundt is the father of psychology. Structuralists break everything down. -Functionalism: They do not break everything down. They relate it to what happens on the inside. Functionalism was pioneered by William James - why do you have thoughts? This is inspired by natural selection. What is the function of thought? Mary Whiton Calkins- the first lady to study Psychology. She wasn’t allowed to get her PhD from Harvard because women were not really allowed to do that at the time. Functionalism was more popular than structuralism because it was more relevant. -Gestalt Psychology: the exact opposite of Structuralism. Max Wertheimer: rejected structuralism, he founded Gestalt Psychology, he researched illusions and perceptions. Gestalt Psychology is the study of the overall patterns of perceptions and thoughts. Whole is greater than the sum of its parts. He believed that people process the parts to organize the whole. You must look at the whole, not just the parts!!! -Psychoanalytic: a very stark change from the types of psychology. Behavior and mental processes are caused by internal conflicts of the psyche. Founder: Sigmund Freud. Goal: Understanding how the unconscious influences behavior - - Psychoanalytic Theory. This focuses on positive potential rather than dark and uncontrollable intrusions. The goal: to understand what it really means to be a human. -Behaviorism: John Watson, B.F. Skinner. This focuses on directly observable behavior through controlled, objective observation. This makes Psychology as scientific as possible. Radical Departure from prior theories takes place. -Behaviorism is very important. For example, how people react when a car is coming their way. -Cognitive: these are perspectives that are really popular today. It’s focus is on memory- the internal processes. This is to understand the basic mental processes behind life. Does our interpretation of a situation affect our emotions and how does this affect our thinking? How do we use information in remembering/reasoning/problem solving? 2 Friday, February 12, 2016 - Etiam sit amet est - Aenean iaculis laoreet arcu - Curabitur vulputate viverra pede - Nulla rutrum commodo ligula - Sed tellus suscipit in aliquam - Nunc ut lectus - Donec quis nunc 3


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