Week 5 Social Psychology
Week 5 Social Psychology Psy 4043 ( Social Psychology, Dr. Ilan Shrira)
Arkansas Tech University
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Krista Lindenberg on Friday February 12, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Psy 4043 ( Social Psychology, Dr. Ilan Shrira) at Arkansas Tech University taught by Dr. Ilan Shrira in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 25 views. For similar materials see Social Psychology in Behavioral Sciences at Arkansas Tech University.
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Date Created: 02/12/16
Wednesday, February 10, 2016 Social Psychology Artful Dodge: answering the wrong question the right way. o Main point: if a suitable answer to a question is not found quickly, we give an answer to a related question, one that is easier to answer. This is the substitution principle. Predicting the future is one of the most difficult things for us to do, but that doesn’t stop us. We measure difficult questions by intensity. We substitute the intensity of one answer for the other. If you’re asked how popular Obama will be in six months, more than likely your answer will be based off the intensity of your feelings for him. Affect: general feeling o Lung cancer That feeling you just got reading the words was probably a negative affect. o Mother’s love That’s a positive affect. Affect Heuristic o Using feelings to determine your beliefs o Judging other people Prejudice, favoritism o Physical attractiveness stereotype People who are more physically attractive are rated higher on everything straight across the board. Substituting hard questions for easier ones o Usually efficient but can lead to errors What can we do about it? Learn to recognize situations where you confront difficult problems and your mind gives you the answer right away. Friday, February 12, 2016 Chapter 6: emotion and affect psychological immune system o people have a natural system for coping with bad events and escaping negative moods self serving bias downward comparisons rationalizations unrealistic optimism better than average bias focusing on positive things o tends to work better when we're not aware of that coping mechanism at work predicting our emotions (positive or negative) o affective forecasting good at predicting how things will make us feel in the short run but not in the long run o impact bias we overestimate the emotional impact event has on us ex. foodtball: how happy will you be if your team wins/loses? ex. election: how happy will you be if your favorite political candidate wins or loses? ex. romance: how happy will you be after being in a romantic relationship for 6mo? Happiness/unhappiness only lasts a couple days. People predict weeks. What causes the impact bias? Focalism we focus on the predicted event to the exclusion of others Immune Neglect (psychological immune system) We neglect to realize the power of our psychological immune system. Why the impact bias matters big decisions are often based on how we think we will feel understanding this bias can lead to more accurate predictions and better decisions What is the purpose of the impact bias? Do people learn to make more accurate emotional predictions? Nah, not really. The impact bias forces us to take things, especially the future, more seriously sometimes more seriously than they actually need to be. (Breathe. Relax. It's okay.)