Week 5 Notes
Arkansas Tech University
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Krista Lindenberg on Friday February 12, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Soc 3163 at Arkansas Tech University taught by Dr. Mikels-Schlutterman in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 17 views. For similar materials see Intro to Sociological Research in Sociology at Arkansas Tech University.
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Date Created: 02/12/16
Methods: what you should be doing 1. Create list of concepts you plan to measure a. Define each concept b. Indicate which concepts are your independent variables and which are your dependent variables 2. Create list of indicators you plan to use a. Write the question/statements b. Write the responses ranges c. Explicitly state how you plan to measure each concept (if you will use single item indicators? Will you create an index? If so, how?) d. For each of those concepts, determine its level of measurement (nominal, ordinal, interval, ratio) 3. Create a plan of analysis a. Univariate analysis b. How do you plan to test your hypothesis? Where we have been Doing social research Theory and social research Literature review Where we are going Measurement Sampling There are TWO QUESTIONS you should ALWAYS BE ASKING when you encounter statistical facts or reports on research. 1. What is meant by the concept a. Conceptuailzaion issue 2. How is the concept measured? a. Measurement issue aka operationalization issue Concept: a mental image that summarizes a set of similar observatrions, feelings, or ideas… (to make a concept useful it must be defined) Conceptualization: process of specifying what we mean… produces an agreed upon meaning for a concept for the purpose of research o MUST CLEARLY SPECIFY WHAT WE MEAN Indicator: a sign of the presence of absence of the concept we are studying Dimension: a specifiable aspect of a concept o Dimensions of parenting Supporting/nurturing Discipline/behavioral Harsh/abusive Psychological control Conceptualization in practice o Must turn to social theory and prior research to review appropriate definitions o May need to distinguish subconcepts or dimensions of the concept o Should understand how the definition we choose fits within the theoretical framework guideing the research and o Should understand what assumptions underlie this framework Measurement issue o Operationalization: process of connecting concepts to obervations o When we conceptualize, we specify what we mean by a term o When we operationalize, we identify specific observations that we will take to indicate that concept in empirical reality Conceptualizing shyness o Group example: shyness is the discomfort involved in social situations, specifically interpersonal interactions, stemming from insecurities and perceived awkwardness. Indicators include blushing, lack of eye contact, reserved nature, uncomfortable, tense, searching for distractions, introversion, and difficultly opening up and sharing.
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