Middle Ages notes part 1
Middle Ages notes part 1 MUS 100-001
Popular in Music Appreciation - AH
Popular in Music
This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Juliann Dunlap on Friday February 12, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to MUS 100-001 at Northern Kentucky University taught by Lowell Jordan in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 65 views. For similar materials see Music Appreciation - AH in Music at Northern Kentucky University.
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Date Created: 02/12/16
MUSIC APPRECIATION NOTES▯ ▯ MIDDLE AGES ▯ The fall of the Roman Empire marked the beginning of the middle ages (476 CE)▯ ▯ Sacred music - in Latin, religious genre, meant for social situations such as church▯ ▯ -was controlled by the Kings and the Catholic church. ▯ Secular music - in common language, used for entertainment (ex: mary had a little lamb)▯ ▯ Charlemagne (742-814 CE) ▯ ▯ -was the governments strong guardian of law and order ▯ ▯ -musical notation appears during his reign ▯ ▯ (1000-1450 CE)▯ -universities started to form in Europe▯ -cities emerge as centers of unique art and culture▯ -merchant class was established though the development of the trade system ▯ ▯ CRUSADES (1096-1487)▯ religious “holy wars” in the middle ages▯ ▯ -NOT 400 straight years of war▯rusade▯ led to an increase in the spread of catholicism ▯ ▯ -Catholic church was dominant ▯ ▯ -Latin was the universal language ▯ ▯ GUTTENBURG INVENTS PRINTING PRESS (1455)▯ ▯ -results in mass circulation of books and circulation ▯ ▯ -helps the spread of information through Europe ▯ Musicians start to become supported by church, the courts, nobility, and the merchant class ▯ ▯ PLAIN CHANT▯ -Latin music for the church▯ -Monophonic▯ ▯ -single melodic lines, describes rhythm, notes, or texture▯ -Lacks any type of harmony▯ ▯ -must be sacred text▯ ▯ -generally free from accent ▯ ▯ GREGORIAN CHANT▯ -credited to Pope Gregory (reigned 590-604)▯ -Syllabic ▯ ▯ -one note to each syllable of text▯ -Melismatic▯ ▯ -many notes available to one syllable▯ -Can use harmony ▯ ▯ ▯ MEDIEVAL MONASTERY communities of men and women who work to preserve the learning of the ancient world ▯ ▯ -dedicated to fully sung prayer ▯ ▯ -seeking salvation through music ▯ -several daily religious services▯ ▯ -8 canonical hours▯ ▯ -mass (multiple times a week)▯ ▯ HILDEGARD VON BINGEN (1098-1179)▯ she was a nun, composer, artist, and singer▯ (it was a known fact that families would give 10% of their earnings to the church as a tithing and she was her families 10th child so she was given to the church as a tithe) ▯ -she had visions/could tell the future ▯ -composed music that was similar to gregorian chants ▯ -her works contained dramatic action which led to early musical dramas ▯ ▯ Problems with Hildegard:▯ -the praise songs she composed were not authorized or approved by church ofﬁcials ▯ -women were “not worthy” to connect with the divine ▯ -people debated as to whether her visions were inspiration from the divine or if she was using it as an excuse to contradict normal beliefs ▯ ▯
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