World History II Imperialism Notes
World History II Imperialism Notes HIST 1020
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Becky Stinchcomb on Saturday February 13, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to HIST 1020 at Auburn University taught by Cari Casteel in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 31 views. For similar materials see World History II in History at Auburn University.
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Date Created: 02/13/16
Hist1020 February 9, 2016 Imperialism - The domination of one group of people by another Two Types of Imperialism - Formal Colonization Military Fore Example: India (by the British) - Informal (Business) Economic domination “Spheres of influence” China Imperialism is yet another product of the Industrial Revolution The Case of India - Mughal Empire When the exclusion of Hindus starts, the Mughal Empire begins its fall because it grows internally weak - British East India Company Take over from the Mughal Empire Built ports in Bombay and Calicut Almost an even port between England and China British Trading Company started in 1600 Set up trade ports on the coast of India Began attacking Mughal Empire to gain more land - Battle of Plassey 1757 India becomes a formal colony - British India Includes both India and Pakistan Still the Industrial Revolution - India’s Railway System - De- Industrialization of India - Indigo and Cotton Informal Empire: The Case of China - Manchus Not Chinese They are Manchurian - Qing China China produces everything basically People go to China to get whatever they wanted Chinese knew this and took advantage of it Chinese didn’t want to trade their stuff for other stuff because they knew that their quality stuff was better than anyone else’s - Lose your hair or lose your head Queue - The Canton System Guangzhou (Canton) - Hong Merchants - Silver or nothing…. Sometimes they will take gold, but they only want silver for their things - Setting up camp Canton Permanent posts during the months that one could trade The people trading start to speak and understand fluent Chinese language and culture - Tea Getting tea from China Spending on tea rapidly increases in a small amount of time - Silver Shortage Not enough silver for everyone to get what they need from China - The Opium Trade Opium was used recreationally in China starting in the 15 Century Opium was prohibited in 1729 British smuggling from India into China Avoided going through Canton with the drug boats because they would thoroughly check the things on the boats By 1835, 12 million people were addicted to opium - Triangle Trade India (makes) China (buys) Britain (gets tea) India isn’t repaid for their labor - Lin Zexu - Dump it in the Sea- June 3, 1839 - Burn it? - Opium Wars First Opium War (1839- 1842) Second Opium War (approximately 1856- 1860) - The First Opium War Britain attacks coastal Chinese cities to start the war in October of 1839 Battles took place mostly at sea Outdated Chinese ships were no match for the modern steam- powered gunboats of the British - Thee Treaty of Nanjing “unequal treaty” China had to pay reparations All Chinese ports were opened to the British Britain gained control of Hong Kong Extra-territorialty British and other foreigners were not subject to Chinese law in 5 major port cities of China - Sphere of Influence Other foreign nations sign treaties unfair to China Each nation gets a “sphere of influence” Sphere of Influence: an area in which a foreign nation controlled trade and investment - The Great Divergence The point where the Industrial Revolution meets Imperialism causing a separation between the industrialized nations and non- industrialized nations
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