World History II Empire Strikes Back Notes
World History II Empire Strikes Back Notes HIST 1020
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Becky Stinchcomb on Saturday February 13, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to HIST 1020 at Auburn University taught by Cari Casteel in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 43 views. For similar materials see World History II in History at Auburn University.
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Date Created: 02/13/16
Hist1020 February 11, 2016 What is a nation? - Language, religion, common history & traditions want to uphold, common territory (not conditions but likely defining features) The Case of India - British India - British Raj: The Jewel in the Crown The British forbade India from trading on it sown with other countries - How to protect the colony? Sepoys Recruited from villages Offered a salary - By 1850, most Indians resented that Britain owned their country - Constant racism expressed towards them by the British - Turmoil grows - New Technology- Enfield Rifle - Mangal Padney - The Indian Mutiny (Sepoy Rebellion) Language Masters Mutiny (british) vs. Rebellion (indian) - The Aftermath Greater British presence New sense of Indian Nationalism…. - The Indian National Congress British allow the Indian people a measure of autonomy in order to decreased the chance of future uprisings 1885 1 - Indian elite only 1920s- mass movement - Muslim League 1906 Seeks Muslim political rights - Gandhi Leader of Indian National Congress (1920s- 1930s) Nonviolence (satyagraha) The most apolitical, political leader Informal Empire: The Case of China - Spheres of Influence - Taiping Rebellion (1850- 1864) Goal to overthrow the Qing dynasty - God’s Chinese Son Hong Xiuquan Trying to end Qing dynasty - Qing calls for help… Charles “Chinese” Gordon “Ever victorious army” - Technological Superiority - Qing and European Powers win With the help of Britain and France, the Qing end the rebellion Not before over 30 million casualties on both sides (historians actually think over 70 million but there is no way to know) - Qing Dynasty greatly weakened - Growing hatred for foreigners Feel like everyone is against them and wants them to fail Nationalism rises from hatred of other people - The Boxer Uprising in 1900 Peasants in Northern China Support from high officials of Qing dynasty Destruction of everything foreign (anything that Europeans are doing, building, growing, etc.) Martial arts experts - The Righteous and Harmonious Fists “Support the Qing, Destroy the Foreigner” Qing aren’t the problem, Europeans are - Attacking Industrialization - - Boxers destroying everything - Weakened Qing… Support the Boxers They feel like maybe they can do their jobs if they support the boxers in their destruction of the foreign powers - July 14, 1900 Eight Nation Alliance tries to put down rebellion France, Japan, England, Germany, Austria, Italy, Russia, and the United States - Eight- nation forces invaded Beijing Harsh settlement Station troops in Beijing Huge indemnity Russian troops in Manchuria Until 1905 - Boxer Protocol “unequal treaty” September 7, 1901 China has to pay reparations Eight nation troops occupy Beijing Larger “sphere’s of influence” - Frustrated Nationalism China became weaker and poorer Continuous civil wars between warlords Western privileges in China Humiliated and abused in the world - Revolution of 1911 October 10, 1911, Wuchang Uprising Qing dynasty was overthrown January 1, 1912, China became a republic - Sun YatSen (1866- 1925) 1 President of the Republic Founder of Kuomintang The Three Principles of the People Nationalism Democracy People’s livelihood
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