History 150 Exam 2 notes
History 150 Exam 2 notes 150
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Rachel Rusnak on Saturday February 13, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to 150 at Ball State University taught by Dr. Malone in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 14 views. For similar materials see The West in the World in History at Ball State University.
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Date Created: 02/13/16
2/12/16: French Revolution Voltaire. o Appalled by religious persecution that was going o in France at the time. o Treatise on Toleration (1763). Plea for religious toleration. Individuals should have the freedom to practice their religion without interference of others. Spreading Enlightenment Thought. ***test questions*** Social networks. th o Mid18 c. o Madame Geoffrin. Hosted a famous salon in Paris. Local for new ideas to be discussed. Most famous spot for the time period. Mostly welltodopeople gathered there. Social elite. People who had wealth. Held in private homes. o Coffeehouses. First one appeared in Venice, 1640’s. Respectable women did not attend the coffeehouses. Usually only men gathered there. People lower down on the social scale. Lively place to go. Open to the public. o The Encyclopedia. Edited by Denis Diderot. Created between 1751 and 1772. 28 volumes of text. Over 71,000 entries. Book print will flourish. Monumental work of the Enlightenment period. Diderot’s objectives for this project. Compile and spread of all the scientific and technological knowledge of the day. Compile ad spread Enlightenment ideas in order to “change the general way of thinking.” Issues of censorship. o Suspended publication of the Encyclopedia. Claimed to have dangerous ideas. 2/12/16: French Revolution o Buried his controversial ideas/points in the center of every entry. The Press [press includes newspapers, magazines, books, and so forth]…People ask if freedom of the press is advantageous or prejudicial to a state. To answer is not difficult. It is of the greatest importance to conserve this practice in all states founded on liberty. I would even say that the disadvantages of this liberty are so inconsiderable compared to its advantages that this ought to be the common right of the universe, and it is certainly advisable to authorize its practice in all governments…” Majority of subscriptions were found in France. Read by: o Lawyers. o Doctors. o Thomas Jefferson. o Benjamin franklin. The French Revolution: 17891799. We will focus on 3 aspects of this event: o Ordinary people entered the political scene and influenced the course pf events. o Reforms based on Enlightenment ideology. o Emergence of nationalism. Background: o Financial crisis and tax reform. o Louis XVI was the absolute monarch in a state on the verge of financial collapse. Convened the Estates general in May 1789 tax reform. o Estates General was made up of the Three Estates: st 1 Estate was made up of the Clergy. 2 Estate was made up of the Nobility. 3 Estate was made up of the Commoners. o May 1789: Estates General meets at Versailles. Did not do anything because of the dispute over the voting procedure GRIDLOCK. The beginning of the revolution… o Key developments. June 17. 2/12/16: French Revolution Third estates declared itself the National Assembly. June 20. The Tennis Court Oath. o Members of the National Assembly swore an oath to stay together until France had a constitution. July 14. The storming of the Bastille. Political Cartoon 1789. The Third Estate Awakens Tax revenue. Common representation of the tax system. o Third Estate carrying the weight of the first two estates. o Source of resentment. o Inequality built into the tax system.
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