Anthropology: Chapter 3
Anthropology: Chapter 3 ANTY 220S
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This 0 page Class Notes was uploaded by Cassidy Zirko on Saturday February 13, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to ANTY 220S at University of Montana taught by Cheyenne Laue in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 24 views. For similar materials see Culture & Society in anthropology, evolution, sphr at University of Montana.
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Date Created: 02/13/16
Chapter 3 Place 0 Introduction to place 0 O 0 Marks the geographical boundaries and positions of groups and people and social processes Usually tie a particular culture to resources landforms plants and animals Colonialism and globalization have a number of transitions to traditional ideologies Everything always moves I must account movement into conceptions of space 0 Yurumagui project 0 O 0 00000 The first cultivation of rice fields in a long time Wanted to support the life project of black communities and strengthen the organizing process with the appropriation of the territory Need a series of project toward food autonomy and self governance with long standing productive practices Training done with local leaders through workshops grated at the end of 2000 Strategy for autonomy of food based on two things I first brought in a sugarcane trapiche and enable local processing of cane into syrup second was reintroducing rice cultivation and processing Rice processing out of Pacific since Green revolution Wanted recovery of traditional croups and lessening of food dependency lst lots of people from community 2nd enlisting young people form community Also wanted to refine notions of region territory good living and collective well being Armed actors guerrillas paramilitaries and navy create ways to Yurumagui hoped threat would discourage riots PCN wanted Yurumagui and pilamo projects to develop and demonstrate the validity of ethnoterritorial approach to con ict and displacement Implemented economic strategy emphasized articulated ecological political and sociproductive projects New things learned about species agriculture household community economies organizational and technical aspects and peoples openness to a new approach Trapiche and trilladora communal enterprise and run with supervision of community council Trapiche funded activities deemed important by council considered giving subsidies travel special festivities PCN worked to design and implementation and sophisticated plans to build long standing practices and forms of resistance confront current problems of displacement armed con ict and human rights violations 0 Modernity Life and the Politics of Theory 0 Globality Versus Moddernity I Pacific re ect global process that are around the world Violence takes on central role in regulation of peoples and economies for control Overcoming model of modern liberal capitalist society necessary for survival Latin America most earnestly embracing neoliberal reforms and applied the model most thoroughly Shown ambiguous results Modernity s ability for providing solutions has reach a limit I transition beyond modernity 0 brings together looking for anticapitalist imaginaries anibal quij ano Samir amin 0 Emphasis of noneurocentric perspectives of globality Boaventura de souse santos advocates of decoloniality 0 Call for relinking with nature and each other boff s Call All understand modernity lacking ability 0 Massive displacement ecological destruction poverty inequality Grossberg problem is status of modernity becomes the most important and culture question present described as generalized struggles to define and shape emergent order globality Four main positions with Modernity 0 Modernity as universal process of European origin 0 Alternative modernities 0 Multiple modernities without single origin or cultural home Modern is ongoing struggle to define in real terms of current time and space presence and change lasting structure and everyday experiences Colonizaiton of Africa multiple modernities caused painful process adjusting to power difference Now possible to think about modernity without coloniality Possible to have modernity and colonity To expect that humankind lives in a single structurally heterogeneous moderncolonial world system 0 Not all power relations can be described in terms of coloniality 0 Subaltemization doesn t exhaust subject positive of oppressed groups Blaser Feit McRae ingenous people affirm life projects maintaining networks of reciprocity and relationality Relate to development from this perspective 0 Questions of Knowledge and Theory Social movements as important spaces of knowledge production about the world and of recognizing the vlue of activist knowledge to theory Knowledge landscape appears at I populated by more sites of knowledge production than in past O I MCD and WAN discussion ones own through other knowledge and knowledge otherwise other academes activist knowledge activist research border thinking I Could be called intellectual practices in culture and power I Elaborating effective strategies of collaboration becomes based on questions of what with whom how and from where I Activists point of departure is joint consensus about character of the political project I The call for other theories and theory otherwise is itself the result of ever more significant encounters with difference social theoretical epistemological ontological Questions of Nature Life and Networks I Creativity and adaptability inherent in all life forms I Relational networks important to biological life I Goodwin cultural transformation will either carry us into new age or result in disappearance I Humans needing to build mutually enhancing relation with planet I Need to revap institutions of politics economics religion culture I Moving from human centered to earth centered I Lots of tension between logic of development and ecology I Primary contradiction in regions of the world I Need to be thinking about the kinds of transformations needed with current social and ecological evens I Collective actions needs to contribute to bringing about change in direction of ecologically sensitive worlds I Complexity and at approaches appear as viable proposals to work through damaging features of modern theory I Pervasive binarisms and reduction of complexity part of parcel of coloniality of nature gender knowledge and power 0 Regions and Places in the Age of Globality O Blacks systems of place based economic ecological and cultural practices were effective Communities are working to reinvent themselves through relation to this state themselves and environment and global forces Pacific region is more significantly transformed over the past 40 years than all previous central of anthropic activity Main agents of transformation are water and forests violence and forced promotion of African palm and neoliberal policies Placed based models of nature self organization and conservation Struggles of some groups is decolonial negation of difference lies in epistemic potential Democratic social and ecological crises of the world are problems of existence I leading to need to construct conditions for reexistence
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