POSC 100: Chapter 8 Reading Notes
POSC 100: Chapter 8 Reading Notes Posc 100
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This 1 page Class Notes was uploaded by Laura Pratt on Saturday February 13, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Posc 100 at California State University Long Beach taught by in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 19 views. For similar materials see Intro to american government in Political Science at California State University Long Beach.
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Date Created: 02/13/16
Pgs. 236-250 Interest Groups and the Media Function as Instruments of Power - Power is overrated and harm is overrated Interest groups - People organized to pursue a common interest by applying pressure on political process - American parties aren’t well structured to represent specific interests Types of interest groups - Business, professional, labor, agriculture - Business: common interest in making profits and supporting profit-making markets - Professional: American Bar Association, American Medical Association, and powerful lobbies in Washington - Labor unions: international brotherhood of teamsters - Agricultural interests: national farmers union - NAACP - Tea party: aiming to reduce the federal budget deficit and size of government Lobbying - When interest groups or individuals pressure the government to act in their favor - Iron triangle – decisions in government are made among lobbyists, executive bureaucrats and congressional committees - Direct lobbying – congressional committees and bureaucracies - Indirect lobbying – may look like individual attempts to persuade public - Grassroots campaign – interest groups make the illusion of broad popular support for what is a group spending money - Lobbyists transfer information and influence government decision Campaign contributions - PACs are organizations set up by private groups such as business or labor unions to influence the political process by raising funds from their members Citizens united - Soft money – banned by BCRA 2002 - Citizens united – supreme court ruled groups couldn’t contribute directly to campaigns and thus super PACs emerged - Hyper-pluralism – too many groups making too many demands on government
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