PSY 101| The Psychology of Sleep and Dreaming
PSY 101| The Psychology of Sleep and Dreaming PSY 101
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Alvin Notetaker on Saturday February 13, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PSY 101 at Arizona State University taught by Mae in Winter2014. Since its upload, it has received 20 views. For similar materials see Introduction to Psychology in Psychlogy at Arizona State University.
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Date Created: 02/13/16
The Psychology of Sleep & Dreaming: Biorhythms and Sleep Circadian rhythms ● Biological function that vary over a period of 24 hour. Natural Sleep ● Light ● Body temperature (drop about midnight) Resetting the Biological Clock Retina ● detect changes in the lighten ● Send message to the hypothalamus Hypothalamus ● Suprachiasmatic nucleus (SCN) ● Send message to the pineal gland Pineal gland ● release melatonin Melatonin ● Adjust the clock EEG EEG Electroencephalogram ● Measures: brain waves EMG Electromyography ● Measure: muscle contraction EOG Electrooculography ● Measure: eye movements ECG Electrocardiogram ● Measure: heart rhythm Sleep Cycles Awake Beta (low voltage/high frequency brain wave) Drowsy Alpha Stage 1 Theta (last a few minute) ● “Fantastic images” like illusion/ a sense without the use of sense Stage 2 Last about 20 minute ● have mixture of brain waves ● “Sleep spindle” rapid brain wave activity Stage 3 & 4 Delta (high voltage/ low frequency brain wave) ● Last about 30 minute Rapid Eye Movement sleep (REM) (low voltage/ high frequency brain wave) ● Where dreams occurs Functions of Sleep Protective ● increase survival ● “hide out the night” Restorative ● restore body function ● promote healing Growth Sleep Disorder Insomnia ● cannot sleep for no good reason ○ Recommendation: ■ engage in relaxing activity in dim light ■ avoid caffeine ■ engage in a regular schedule like waking up the same time and take no naps ■ exercise Narcolepsy ● Periodic overwhelming sleepiness Sleep Apnea ● Stop breathing or have trouble, follow by snorting. Dreams Usually when people dream, the person themselves is the star of that dream while the people they know are the Costars of their dream. ● Day residue ● Mostly mundane Theories of Dreaming Wish fulfillment All dreams are related to sexual wishes. All dreams’ contents are related to sexual imagery. ● Manifest content seems to be on the surface ● Latent content being something below the surface. Information Processing Dreams, like deep sleep and REM, help organize memory ● Studied by Cartwright Activation Synthesis Neuroactivity, during dream, is counting for random firing of neuron. ● Studied by Hobson & McCarley Nightmares theorized to help prepare for future challenges Others When a person dies in a dream, the person person actually does not die in real life. Lucid dream be able to guide your dreams Jung’s method a way to study dreams is through an experiment where a small group of people with no connection to the others are used to talk about their dreams.
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