Hinduism week four notes
Hinduism week four notes REL 279-31
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Olivia Notetaker on Saturday February 13, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to REL 279-31 at La Salle University taught by Professor Julie Regan in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 33 views. For similar materials see Hinduism: Yoga/ Dharma/ Devotion in Religious Studies at La Salle University.
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Date Created: 02/13/16
Hinduism week four th th February 8 and 10 - Pre-Hinduism: 3300-1800 BCE - Vedic Period: 1500-500 BCE (includes late vedic) (Aryans- vedas) - Late Vedic: Philosophical (800-500 BCE) - Axial- 800-200 BCE - In the late vedic: Upanishads; connecting Atman (soul) with Brahman (divine) - New ideas: samsara/moksha; yogic path - Shruti includes the Vedas and Upanishads - Smriti comes in classical period: 800-500 BCE o Includes the remembered texts. Devas/Devis come about here (epics, duranas-stories about devas/devis) - Midieval Hinduism: 500-1500 CE - The way of connecting myth/understanding of the world was through rita and dharma o Doing sacrifices, maintaining class, karma - Similarities between devas/devis to Jesus: asking things by praying, they’re all more powerful than humans o Differences: devas/devis aren’t all knowing like Jesus is - Early hym- Agni is worhsipped - Late hym- doubting gods o Ideas of devas/devis, humans and understanding of world changed but doesn’t go away th o Shramanas take on a new path- they only do the 4 stage (renouncer) o Brahmanical: 4 stages - Path of shramana: philosophy, yoga, meaning of life, studying with a guru, connect with Brahman and Atman o Death- new anxiety-filled topic (once you care about the self, you don’t want to die) o Person is starting to care more and more about ethics and how they live o Continuation of ritual, purity, caste, dharma o Shamsara: abandon ritual, devas/devis, ascetic practice, yoga, meditation - Buddhism and Jainism are part of Brahmanical - Revelation of Veda (knowledge) vs Transmission of Veda (knowledge) o Revelation consists of shruti and smriti - Smriti: epics, sutras, and Puranas o Puranas: legends and myths - Shruti: veda and Upanishads - Sampradaya: oral traditions or places where teachings are given by a guru/pandit o Pandit- Acharya or shankara-acharyas (leaders) - Rituals today: marriages, death rituals, life cycle rituals, calendar rituals - Upanishads- means “sitting near”, taught by a sage to a disciple - Smriti: epics (Mahabharata, which include the Bhagavad-gita and Ramayana, sutras and puranas (tell stories of gods and goddesses) o Told through media/film/popular culture o Sutras include the dharma sutras (1 genre- giveds the Laws of Manu- how to live daily life), Kama sutra (in householder, pleasure), Yoga sutra (aesthetic) - Brahman- supreme being with which one can connect to atman - Brahmin- priest in caste of Brahman - Brahmanas- texts that explain the Vedas - Brahma- the creator - Varnas: brahman, Vaishya, Shudra - Student, householder, forest dweller, renouncer o Varna-ashrama-dharma - Stri-dharma= dharma for women - Anandamayi Ma= 19 century, a guru even thought she was in householder position - Gurumayi and Amma- important gurus today
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