Tennessee History week 4 notes
Tennessee History week 4 notes 10507
University of Memphis
Popular in Tennessee History
Popular in History
Bryce Balistreri MD
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This 10 page Class Notes was uploaded by Bradley Notetaker on Saturday February 13, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to 10507 at University of Memphis taught by Sivananda in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 38 views. For similar materials see Tennessee History in History at University of Memphis.
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Date Created: 02/13/16
Chapter 5 Lecture notes Feb. 911 William Blount Took an oath @ Mount Vernon estate Supreme Court justice Traveled to Southwest Territory Moved to William Cobs mansion “Rocky mount” Temporary Capital First step was to establish a new govern. 7 county governments already existed Reconstituted them and made several appointments Sheriffs, militia officers, and justices of peace Working relations with John Sevier Both needed each other Appointed Sevier Brigadier General of Washington. District militia James Robertson Brigadier General of Mero Dist. Militia Reconstituting Mero Dist. was a challenge Blount went in person Meeting with the leaders of the 3 counties 1) Davidson 2) Sumner 3) Tennessee Met Robertson and Daniel Smith Appointed 3 territorial judges Returned back home to his huge mansion Successful 10 weeks at his job William Blount’s major Challenge Red and white problem Governors functioned as the superintendent of Indian affairs Indian problem “keystone of all policy” Cherokees, Creek, and Choctaws resided in South West TN White settlers optimism Indian White Relations Time of peace and treaty negotiations Hoped that national government would intervene with military force Indian aggression But they were disappointed Federal authorities didn’t want to intervene Invited Creek leaders to NY Treaty of NY Indian Negotiations Set new boundaries for Creeks in Alabama Creeks promised to end hostilities Exchange of prisoners took place Governor Blount negotiations with Cherokees Treaty of Holston 1200 Cherokees and 41 Chiefs Blount dazzled with pomp and ceremony Aggressively presented plan Cherokees reluctance; signed treaty Treaty legitimized all white settlements Gave them free navigation of TN River Blount offered $1000 to Cherokees Implements of animal husbandry Indians as herdsmen and cultivators Cherokees to pledge loyalty to US Next step: Governor wanted Cherokees’ land south of Muscle Schools Cherokees declined Cherokees Dissatisfied Delegation to Philadelphia Washington and Knoxville increased their $1500 Sent large amount of goods Leonard Shaw special agent James Carey as interpreter Indian Relations New developments White residents sent memorial to US President Indian atrocities Indian forces defeated US troops Spanish helped Creek attack on Eng. Settlements Indian army 1000 crossed the TN River and attacked Cavet’s Station Killed 13 Whites White retaliation John Sevier Burned down 20 Indian towns and provisions Lull in conflict but hostilities resumed o Creeks and Chickasaw chiefs to Phil. o $500 and $300 gifts o Tensions mounted again o Creek and Chickamauga attacks in Mero Dist. o Maj James Ore o Attack on lower Cherokee town (Nickjack and RunningWaters) Indian Peace Peace overtures Creeks, Cherokees, and Choctaws Tellico Blockhouse Peace treaty and exchange of prisoners Washington appointed 3 man commission Talks with Creeks Change in high command Henry Knox replaced and the next in line was Timothy Pickering Blount and Pickering rocky relationship Push for statehood Territorial Gov. Territory to statehood took 5 yrs. Blount sole authority Shared authority with 3 judges and territorial secretary Appointed his own people Blount est. a loyal base of political support Support of Knoxville Gazette… only newspaper in the region George Roulstone Blount and Roulstone needed each other Newspaper convenient medium for communicating info. Shaping opinion about his tenure as Chief Executive Search for capital city farther south Convenient location in order to deal with Indians and whites Knox as the seat of the capital near James White fort on Holston River Northwest Ordinance (1787) Congress Instrument of gov. for Southwestern Territory Provided 3 stage transition from territory to statehood Succeeded in making Knoxville capital The 2 one stipulated that territory with 500 population will be entitles to legislature ( House and Senate) But the governor didn’t want a legislature, which would have limited his authority “Got it alone” attitude didn’t last long Indian problem mounted and he encountered other challenges Redwhite hostilities in 1793 contributed to the new movement for a territorial legislature Blount call for elections All FREE adult males were able to vote Sheriff conducted elections and a total of 13 reps. Were chosen New Assembly met @ Knoxville Prominent among them included: John Tipton James Robertson William Cocke John Beard James White From 13 men, Washington chose: 1) Griffith Rutherford 2) James Winchester 3) Stockley Donelson 4) John Seiver 5) Parmenas Taylor All members of territorial council Daily Life Laws in VA and NC did not prohibit slaves Taxes on slaves (less tax on women and children and slaves) Slavery expanded in East TN and Cumberland frontier after 1790s No formal schooling for children 2 academies: Martin and Davidson Most families had plenty of books @ home to read Religion Pres. Baptist Methodist Background of Franklin Independence Movement Arthur Campbell Washington County VA Proposed state have included southwestern VA, eastern TN, and parts of KY, GA, and AL Not successful in his attempt Before Indp. Movement North Carolina debt to Congress Cede the Western lands to pay off debt but rescinded (economic and real estate opportunities) Reasserted its claim Ordered judges to hold courts Brigade of soldiers John Sevier entrusted responsibility Independence Movement 1780s Upper East TN was part of NC Indpendence Movement John Sevier (Leader) New State of Franklin Jonesboro meet Delegates voted unanimously to draft Franklin Constitution NC rejected Independence Movement Conflict between Franklin and NC Franklin sent special mission to NY city William Cocke Convince the leaders in the capital to include Franklin as 13 state Weak union couldn’t help Greenville conclave Disputes between 2 factions Pnds. Clergymen vs another group of Pres. Clergymen 2 group prevailed Greenville meeting accepted constitution (replica of NC governing doc.) Sevier gov. of the New State of Franklin Franklin vs Cherokees Cont. fighting Forced meeting at Coyatee Cherokee leaders slaughtered at meeting, and occupation of Cherokee land Dissenters within Franklin caused problems John Tipton was main dissenter that caused problems Franklin union with NC NC appointed loyal persons to the county offices Created Hawkins County Bind residents to NC Civil war within Franklin between Tipton and Sevier Sevier’s slaves seized by Tipton Shooting between the 2 factions Cherokee and NC benefited from this conflict Franklin in crisis (economic and political) Sevier alliance with Spanish (Mississippi navigation) Sevier was arrested by Samuel Johnston (gov. of NC) Released and became a member of NC legislature Southwest Territory The territory south of the Ohio River, Southwest Territory Existed from May 26, 1790 – June 1, 1796 Admitted to the United States as the State of TN The SWT was created by the Southwest Ordinance NC controlled much of that land NC entered the Union and became a state in 1789 Foundation Daniel Smith Leader of the Cumberland Basin Settlements Urged NC Governor Samuel Johnston to give up the western lands to the US Residents of Upper East TN petitioned NC to surrender western lands December 1789 NC agreed 2 reasons that forced NC to secede Western lands: 1) Pressure from the US gov. 2) Residents living in the region wanted to secede NC considered the residents in that region as pests and a burden Conditions Conditions kept by NC Protect property rights and land acqusitions Not to emancipate slaves in the region Sufficient lands under military reservation Residents who owe debt to NC should be liable for their paymnents Follow the North Western Ordinance 1787 (except the clause on slaves emancipation) Residents south of French Board River be granted preemptive rights Federal authorities approved the Bill and the President signed the bill Congress designated territory South of the Ohio River as Southwest Territory William Blount a resident of NC vs John Sevier Had several advantages Clean record (not in Franklin Movement or Indian Massacre) Washington and Blount knew each other Worked together at the Philadelphia Constiutional Convention John Sevier was of no match New legislature included 5 council and 8 representatives Important items : taxes (persons and land) 25% tax Treasury department and courts Blount College and Greenville College (Knoxville) Dr. James White as territorial deligate to Congress Census was taken again (66.650 free persons) According to Northwestern ordinance eligible toward statehood Blount called for constitutional convention 55 delegates met @ Knox Accomplishments: reduce per diem pay (travel expenses) from 2.5 to 1.5 fro employess Designated 2 men from each county for the drafting committee of the state of constitution Daniel Smith the chair of the drafting committee 2 house legislature Equal and uniform taxation of land and slaves Rich and barren land will be taxed the same Property qualification for office holding (200 acres for legislators and 500 for gov.) Right to vote to all free adult males (white and Black) Men who served in militia elected their own officers Legislature and the governor had the right to appoint many county and local officials Andrew Jackson convention delegate TN as the name of the state Restricted Knoxville tenure as the state capital Article VIII no clergymen can hold office in state legislature Final portion of the doc. declaration of rights Blount added the right to navigate Mississippi River Joseph McMinn delivered the doc. to Philadelphia (then capital) 6 yrs of apprenticeship Despite accomplishments Blount was involved in land speculation for his personal gains John Sevier was the governor of the new state after Blount Senator and Represntative After 1796 Convention departed from Knoxville Gov. Blount writes to sheriffs Election of state legislature and governor 11 senators and 22 representatives 1sr legislative meeting in Knox James Winchester elected Speaker of Senate James Stuart Speaker of the House Announced the selection of John Sevier as Governor TN Legislatures Legislatures decided no county should be named TN Hence split TN county into Montgomery and Robertson counties William Blount and William Cocke named Us senators Applied for statehood spring 1796 Federalist opposition and anti Federalist supported
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