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HONR 199, Feb 8 - 12th Notes

by: Anne Notetaker

HONR 199, Feb 8 - 12th Notes HONR 199

Marketplace > Ball State University > OTHER > HONR 199 > HONR 199 Feb 8 12th Notes
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These notes cover the CIA's involvement in the coup d'etats of foreign governments.
Inquiries in Contemporary American Civilization
E. Bruce Geelhoed
Class Notes
HONR 199
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Anne Notetaker on Saturday February 13, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to HONR 199 at Ball State University taught by E. Bruce Geelhoed in Spring 2015. Since its upload, it has received 13 views. For similar materials see Inquiries in Contemporary American Civilization in OTHER at Ball State University.


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Date Created: 02/13/16
Secret Government HONR 199-3 Notes taken Monday 8 th After World War two, the states surrounding the Persian Gulf were all ruled by a monarchy 1. Jordan: Royal family = the Hashemite (King Hussein was in power during the 60’s and 70’s) 2. Iraq: Royal family = the Hashemite (they were overthrown during a violent uprising in 1958) 3. Iran: Ruled by the Pahlavi Family a. The family was characterized by the leader of Iran (the Shah) b. The family wanted to make steps toward democratic rule c. Mosaddegh, political leader of Iran d. The Pahlavi family was overthrown in 1979 4. Saudi Arabia – ruled by the Saud Family, who want to keep themselves in power 5. Egypt: King Farouk (overthrown in 1954) Six Monsters 1. Mosaddegh 2. Arbenz (Guatemala) 3. Sukarno 4. Patrice Lumumba – Congo (1960) 5. Ho Chi Minh 6. Fidel Castro (who is still alive) John Foster Dulles  He was the public face (Secretary of State)  1953(comes into office) – 1959 (dies)  His life’s ambition is to be a great statesman, which means he must be anti-communist  He is motivated by his reputation Allen Dulles  Ambition: To be Kremlins worst nightmare  Allen is the one who provokes fear from the Russians (when he is Director of the CIA) August 1953: The CIA decides to initiate a coup d’état against the royal family in Jordan (the Hashemite family). Mosaddegh:  Stalin sent Russian troops into Iran  The British gain the right to develop oil in Iran  Mosaddegh took British oil, but offered to compensate the British  British aren’t happy and ask the United States to boycott Mosaddegh’s oil  This forces Mosaddegh to sell oil to the Russians  Operation Ajax happens and Zahedi becomes Mosaddegh’s replacement’s John Foster Dulles’ job is to lie about the Coup d’état and act in the interest of anti-communism (In the 1950’s , no one believes that the government would not tell the truth). The United States wanted Mosaddegh out because he might have been a weak leader – he might have been taken over by the Russians. Jacobo Arbenz  Democratically elected president of Guatemala  He had done two things that the United State Government didn’t like o Allowed all political parties to join government o Land reform program – nationalized millions of acres from the United Fruit Company (an American Firm)  Because of this, the CIA organized a Coup d’état against Arbenz (killing many Guatemalan citizens in the process) Mural – “Glorious Victory” – was painted by Diego Rivera – It portrayed his creative take on the coup Secret Government HONR 199-3 Notes taken on February 12 th 1950 – 1962: Arms race between the United States and the Soviet Union (The word “strategic” means nuclear weapons) 1950 – 1955: The United States have long-range bombers  The U.S. starts developing a fleet of these  The US turns to Great Britain and asks them to build bases for bombs in Britain (they say yes) 1955 – 59: The Soviet Union has Intercontinental Ballistic Missiles 1957 – 1962: The United States and the Soviet Union have medium range ballistic missiles (The United States approach the British for some bases for Ballistic Missiles) 1959 – 1960: Subsurface Ballistic Missiles  Polaris: range of 1,200 to 1,500 miles and can be fired under water Congo:  Belgium colonized the Congo and allowed them to become independent in the summer of 1960. The part of Congo with the most economic value is Katanga (uranium and diamonds were mined there). Belgium wanted at least some influence still in this part.  On June 30 , 1960, the Congo held its first national election. The Assembly chosen included President Kasauvbu and Prime Minister Lumumba. Both proposed to lead a government that governs its entire country, including Katanga. Lumumba has the real political power. th  On July 11 , Lumumba asks for help from the United Nations, who agree to send peace keeping forces.  Tshombe wants to be the head of Katanga.  Later in July, Lumumba visits the United States and does not leave a good impression. He leave the US empty-handed. So, Lumumba goes to the Soviet Union.  August 1960: The CIA begins plans to relieve of Lumumba from power th  On September 14 , the military steps in and takes control  On November 27 , Lumumba flees th  On January 19 , Lumumba is beaten and killed (the CIA [meaning Allen Dulles] heads to kill Lumumba, because January 19 is the day John F. Kennedy is inaugurated). Reason behind this Coup D’état:  Kitona is a naval base for the Belgium’s (located in the Congo along the Atlantic Ocean)  Kamina is a military based for the Belgium’s (located in the Congo)  The United States thinks the Soviet Union might be able to track US submarines in the Atlantic Ocean from this point  But, we do not know for sure that the United States was involved in the death of Lumumba o Documents say “reduce and eliminate the influence of . . . Lumumba” o Book: Ludo de Vitte: The Assassination of Lumumba 2003 The CIA influenced the culture of Russia by publishing The Zhivago Affair Budy Holly “That’ll Be the Day” May 1956: Sergio D. Angelo wrote the Zhivago Affair– Angelo was an agent for Feltrinelli  Feltrinelli published the book in Italian, French, German, and English (not in Russian because Angelo feared for his life)  1958: Pasternak was awarded the nobel prize for literature for Dr. Zhivago (he turned the prize down because he feared for the lives of his family)  The CIA translated The Zhivago Affair in Russian and made it available at the Vatican Pavilion 1959: A mini paperback version was created 1965: Production of the fil “Dr. Zhivago”


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