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sociology week 4 notes

by: Katelyn Rinella

sociology week 4 notes 12050-002

Marketplace > Kent State University > Sociology > 12050-002 > sociology week 4 notes
Katelyn Rinella
Ivanka Sabolich

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About this Document

covers week 4
Ivanka Sabolich
Class Notes
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Katelyn Rinella on Sunday February 14, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to 12050-002 at Kent State University taught by Ivanka Sabolich in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 42 views. For similar materials see INTRODUCTION TO SOCIOLOGY in Sociology at Kent State University.


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Date Created: 02/14/16
Sociology Notes Week 4 A Chapter 2 culture Ethnocentrism judging another culture by the standards of one s own culture Cultural relativism judging a culture by its own standards Cultural lag human behavior is lagging behind technological innovations Cultural diffusion spread of cultural characteristics from one group to another Chapter 3 socialization Nature Nurture Heredity Environmental social environment Human behavior instincts Human beha learning Aggression aggressive instinct Ivan pavlov dog salivates with Nurturing maternal instinct bell experiment 14000 instincts John Watson Identical twins Anna Isabella 1946 Genie 1970 Nature Nurture Raw poten al itgealization Socialization a process by which we learn ways of society and develop our human potential Institutionalized children study Skeels and Dye 1939 13 mentally slow infants Matched with retarded women mental ages 512 Chronological ages 1850 12 mentally slow infants placed in orphanages RSp z1945 Socialization into self mind and emotions C H Cooley quotlooking glass selfquot We imagine how we appear to those around us We interpret others reactions We develop a selfconcept UJNI quot G H Mead quotIquot part have from the beginning active spontaneous creative quotMequot part social part sees self as object 3 stages of quotMequot part lmitation children under 3 no sense of self imitate others Play ages 3 to 6 play quotpretendquot ex Princess Spiderman mni cant other Game about age 6 or 7 generalized other learn multiple roles J Piaget ability to reason 1 Sensorimotor stage birth age 2 Direct contact with the environment Object permanence at about 1year old 2 Preoperational stage age 2 7 Egocentric Language 3 Concrete operational stage 7 12 Reasoning abilities tied to concrete objects A gt B Bgt C AgtC 4 Formal operational stage about 12 Abstract concepts Sigmund Freud 18561939 0 Believe con ict between self and society 0 Basic drive seeking immediate grati cation Society opposes self centered individual Models of personality 0 ID basic drives unconscious and demand immediate grati cation Ego balances drives with the demands of society Superego conscience internalized social ideas about right and wrong Agents of socialization 1 Family M Khon social class differences Working class parents outward conformity obedience Middle class parents selfcontrol selfexpression curiosity 2 Neighborhood 3 Daycare National institute for child health and human development 1999 1300 infants 636 months Motherchild bond 4 School and peer group Boys athletic ability coolness toughness Girls clothing physical appearance family background Anticipatory socialization preparation for future occupations social relationships and positions Resocialization process of learning new norms values attitudes and behaviors Total institutions a place where people are cut off from the rest of society and controlled by the of cals who run the place Degradation ceremony Gar nkel 1956 Socialization through the life course Childhood birth12 Adolescence 1317 Young Adulthood 1829 Middle years 3065 Early middle years 3049 Later middle years 5065 0 Older years 65


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