Lecture Notes from 2/8-2/12
Lecture Notes from 2/8-2/12 101
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Elizabeth Schill on Sunday February 14, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to 101 at University of Wisconsin - Eau Claire taught by Dr. Jeff Erger in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 14 views. For similar materials see Intro to Sociology in Sociology at University of Wisconsin - Eau Claire.
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Date Created: 02/14/16
2/8 I) Structural Functionalism- Religion II) Durkheim on Religion A) Studied the world religions B) Looked for common structures and functions shared by all of them III) Durkheim- Structures of Religion A) Sacred and profane (division of world) 1) Sacred (a)Of religious importance 2) Profane (a)Nothing to do with religion 3) God(s) as symbols of society (a)Animism (i) Spirit that animates us hunting and gathering societies, animates nature, what Native Americans believed (b)Ancient Greeks (i) Greek mythology god or goddess had their own sphere of power religions mirror actual society (c)Europe (i) Middle Ages, Church and State Structures (below) IV) Durkheim- Functions of Religion A) Answers the unanswerable questions in life B) Social solidarity C) Social control D) Prophetic/critical function: think Catholic Church and conservatism and liberalism V) Max Weber: The Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism A) Asked “Why did the USA become the dominant capitalist nation on Earth? Why not some other nation? B) Answer: Religion played a part and then cultural roles took over C) Three principles of Calvinism 1) Predestination 2) All earthly callings served God 3) Delayed gratification (AKA, asceticism) (a)On Earth not to have fun wait until you’re dead VI)Class Discussion A) Is the American Work Ethic still the same as it used to be? 1) Showing off more now? 2) Wealthier society…? So therefore wealthy before work? 2/10 I) Structural Functionalism- Education A) Structure of education in the USA? II) Functions of Education A) Manifest Functions 1) Teach the subjects (math, reading, etc.) 2) Socialization 3) Social integration- Pledge of Allegiance 4) Social placement- finding place in society 5) Cultural innovation- higher education creates Internet, technology, basic research, etc. B) Latent Functions 1) Child care 2) Social ties and networks- making friends (ties); who your friends are connected to (networking) C) Manifest Dysfunctions 1) Lost knowledge over summer 2) Unequal education (due to funding mechanism)- lower quality school D) Latent Dysfunctions 1) Credentialization- needing a certain credential (degree) required III) Class Discussion A) How can the UWEC be made better, functionally, by changing the structure of the UWEC? 1) Scheduling classes within the major 2) Having dedicated advisors 3) Making more specific courses for your major 4) Having to take less GEs 5) More faculty would help 2/12 I) Structural- Functionalism- Stratification A) Stratification 1) The differential disrtibutiion of resources in a society B) Stratification is the pattern of the system C) Mobility is how easy it is to move up and down II) Davis and Moore: Theory of Stratification A) Jobs vary in importance to society, more difficult and important jobs must be filled, and must be rewarded better B) Stratification is required for social mobility, creating incentive and motivation C) As societies become more complex, they approach Meritocracy 1) Rule based by ability D) Weber: Dimesnsions of Stratification 1) Class- economic stratification, $$$ 2) Status- prestige stratification, occupation 3) Party- power stratification, how many people controlled- how many you can control 4) Sometimes these do not go together, you could have one but not the others, etc.
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