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KIN 350 Week 3 Notes

by: Tanski Notetaker

KIN 350 Week 3 Notes KIN 350-001

Tanski Notetaker
GPA 3.7

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Hi everyone! Here are my week 3 notes for Psych Aspects of Sport and Exercise. I hope you find them helpful!
Psych Aspects-Sport & Exercise
Monna Arvinen-barrow
Class Notes
KIN 350 Kinesiology Psych Aspect of Sport and Exercise Psychology
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Tanski Notetaker on Sunday February 14, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to KIN 350-001 at University of Wisconsin - Milwaukee taught by Monna Arvinen-barrow in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 27 views. For similar materials see Psych Aspects-Sport & Exercise in Kinesiology at University of Wisconsin - Milwaukee.

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Date Created: 02/14/16
Week 3 1 Motivation (cont.)  4 theories of achievement motivation o Need achievement theory: considers both personal and situational factors as  important predictors of behavior; it is an international view  5 components:  Personality factors or motives  Situational factors  Resultant tendencies (approach success or avoid failure)  Emotional reactions (focus on pride or shame)  Achievement related behaviors  Important aspects are  task preference (does one seek to find challenging situations, or  prefer not to engage in behaviours that may result in negative  evaluations of failures)   Performance predictions (who will perform in which way in  different situations  Need achievement theory explains (a) what types of situations an  individual prefers, and (b) what way they are likely to perform in  different situations o Attribution theory: focuses on how people explain their successes and failures  Classified into 3 categories  Stability: a factor to which one attributes success or failure is either permanent or unstable  Locus of causality: a factor is either external or internal to the  individual  Locus of control: a factor is or is not under our control  Attributions can affect cognitive, behaviors, and affective  (emotions)  Attributes affect expectations of future success or failure and  emotional reactions, which influences future achievement  motivation o Achievement goal theory: 3 factors interact to determine a person’s motivation  Achievement goals: outcome or task oriented?  Perceived ability: high (I know I can do this) versus low (I don’t think I  can)  Achievement behavior: effort, persistence, task choice  Must understand what success and failure mean to the person  Goal Orientation  Task goal orientation (aka mastery goal orientation): focus on  improving relative to own past performances Week 3 2 o Protects people from disappointment, frustration and lack  of motivation  Outcome goal orientation: focus on comparing self with and  defeating others  Social goal orientation o Affiliation to the group and recognition of being liked by  others o Desire for social connections and need to belong to a group o Competence motivation theory: people are motivated to feel worthy or competent  Athletes’ perception of control work along with self­worth and  competence evaluations to influence their motivations  Assumes that people are motivated to feel worthy & competent = primary  determinants of motivation  It is multidimensional motive: social, cognitive, and physical  Doesn’t directly influence individual  Aims to explain why individuals want to engage in mastery attempts  Influences emotional states which in turn influence motivation  Especially used within the context of children


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