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BIO 271: Chapter 9 Notes

by: Securria

BIO 271: Chapter 9 Notes Bio 271


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About this Document

This is a weeks Worth of Notes on Chapter 9 (complete chapter).
Jeremy Ingraham
Class Notes




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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Securria on Sunday February 14, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Bio 271 at University of North Carolina at Greensboro taught by Jeremy Ingraham in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 21 views. For similar materials see Anatomy in Biology at University of North Carolina at Greensboro.


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Date Created: 02/14/16
Class Notes-Chapter 9: Articulations Functional Categorizing:  Synarthrosis-  Amphiarthros  Diarthrosis- No is-Little Free Movement Movement Movement  Structural Categorizing:  In connection to Synarthosis  Fibrous  Sucture (dense regular connective tissue connecting skull bones)  Gomphosis (periodontal membranes hold tooth and bone jaw)  Cartilaginous  Syncondrosis (hyaline cartilage between bones)  In connection to Amphiarthrosis  Fibrous  Syndesmosis (dense regular connective tissue fibers between bones)  Cartilaginous  Symphysis (Fibrocartilage pad between bones)  In connection to Diarthrosis  Synovial  Monaxial  Biaxial  Triaxial   Synovial Joint Configurations  Plane: (flat or slightly curved faces that can slide across each other)  Hinge: (convex part of one bone that fits into a depression of another bone)  Condylar: (oval articular surface on one bone that unites with an oval depression on another bone)  Saddle: (saddle shaped articular surface on one bone that unites with a saddle shaped surface on another bone)  Pivot: (bone with a rounded surface that fits into a ring made by a ligament and another bone)  Ball and Socket: (round head of a bone that rests in a cup- shaped depression in another bone)  Articular Movement  Linear Motion (sliding or gliding)  Typically, in Transverse plane  Angular Motion (angle of bones change)  Flexion (reduce the angle of articulation bone)  Extension (standard position  Hyperextension (going beyond angle)  Abduction (move away from midline)  Adduction (move toward center)  Circumduction (can move in any direction, like 360 angle)  Lateral Flexion (ex: side to side motion in neck)  Rotational Motion (a bone can move within another )  Pronation (palm is turned posteriorly)  Supination (palm is turned anteriorly)  Medial/Lateral  Left/Right  Special Motion  Inversion (foot pointing inward [medial])  Eversion (foot pointing outward [lateral])  Dorsiflexion (toes pointing up)  Plantar flexion (toes pointing down)  Protraction (move a body part forward)  Retraction (move a body part backward)  Elevation (move a body part superiorly)  Depression (move a body part inferiorly)  Opposition (thumb to finger)  The Vertebral Column  Between the bodies of  Intervertebral disc vertebrae (cartilaginous  Nucleus pulpous {symphysis})  Anulus fibrosus  Between articulating  Herniated Disc-pulposus processes (gliding extruded from the inside {synovial}) cartilage pad 2  Bulging Disc- (not yet herniated)  The Shoulder  Made of Connective  Joint capsule between Tissue humerus and scapula  Labrum  Ligaments (connect clavicle to scapula) (surrounds  Coraco-clavicular glenoid fossa)  Coraco-acromial  Dislocations: happen at the  Acromio- clavicular  Acromioclavicular  Glenohumeral  The Knee  3    Joint Disorders  Sprain  Arthritis  Osteoarthritis  Rheumatoid arthritis 4


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