Week 1 Notes - Intro to Psychology (PSYC 1101)
Week 1 Notes - Intro to Psychology (PSYC 1101) PSYCH 1101
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Brooke Mays on Sunday February 14, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PSYCH 1101 at Georgia Regents University taught by Verlaque, L. in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 49 views. For similar materials see Introduction to Psychology in Psychlogy at Georgia Regents University.
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Date Created: 02/14/16
1/14/2016 Week 1 Intro to Psychology Notes Psychology – science of behavior and mental processes Father of psychology – Wundt first lab and manuscripts Structuralism – introspection, how you feel about something but we all describe things differently Functionalism – William James How mental processes helped us adapt (Darwinism) Pychoanalysis Freud Childhood and unconscious Psychodynamics (less weird stuff) Behavioralism – Skinner and Watson Conditioning and reinenforcment Why do we do what we do? Nature vs Nurture – biological and genetics vs environment, raising, social relations, and culture Identical Twins – monozygotic (1 zygote), 1 sperm and 1 egg, 2 zygotes with the exact same genes Fraternal Twins – dizygotic (2 zygotes), 2 sperm and 2 eggs, nurture is much more the same Different Perspectives Neuroscience – brain structure, Psychodynamic (childhood and unconscious) Evolutionary evolution Cognitive – thoughts Behavior genetics – cross between nature and nurture, how behavior is programmed by genetics Social cultural – influences of culture/society 1/14/2016 Behaviorists – how you get conditioned and reinforced Case Studies – quality but not quantity Freud did this but you need a typical subject Correlation does not equal Causation 2 traits or attributes are related to each other Positive – they vary together Negative – they do not vary together Experiments 1) Random sampling Part of population, example: 18+ years old of Augusta Convenience sample – attempts but is not exact and is a bit easier to do 2) Random assignment Once you have your group, then you randomly assign them to different groups Control condition – don’t mess with it Experimental – what you mess with Placebo – thinking you are getting better, symptoms can be had Independent variable – manipulated Dependent variable – measure Confounding variable – may account for what happens Operation definition – how we define something, example: aggression is defined by intentionally causing harm and pressing a button that supposedly administers shocks to another person