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Asian Philosophy Week Three of Notes

by: Teresa Notetaker

Asian Philosophy Week Three of Notes 216

Marketplace > University of Wisconsin Green Bay > PHIL-Philosophy > 216 > Asian Philosophy Week Three of Notes
Teresa Notetaker

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About this Document

These notes cover everything from week three's readings and lecture.
Asian Philosophy
Dr. Kim
Class Notes
Asian philosophy, Buddhism, philosophy
25 ?




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This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by Teresa Notetaker on Sunday February 14, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to 216 at University of Wisconsin Green Bay taught by Dr. Kim in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 22 views. For similar materials see Asian Philosophy in PHIL-Philosophy at University of Wisconsin Green Bay.

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Date Created: 02/14/16
Week Three Reading IBW 4&5  Nirvana o Obligations: Some people can’t devote their life to achieving Nirvana  Buddha says take care of this life before trying to achieve Nirvana  Can’t abandon responsibilities, that’s bad karma  Buddha was a prince so he didn’t have obligations to take care of  It’s not the time for most of us to reach Nirvana  Don’t go against tide, there will be a sign if you’re meant to be the Buddha o Karma  Only humans can be liberated, so in our past lives we must have done something good to get here  Buddha saw previous lives when he was enlightened, showed how karma affected him  Good life is a path to Nirvana but not a direct path  Wholesome vs Unwholesome (3 roots)  Unwholesome Motives o 1. Greed o 2. Hatred o 3. Delusion  Wholesome Motives o 1. Generosity o 2. Loving Kindness o 3. Wisdom  Ignorance is usually root of unwholesome action  Consequences, good or bad, can appear right away or take until a next life  So doing things in order to get good stuff doesn’t usually work, and will yield bad things anyways  Just because we have cause in past for our current state doesn’t mean we deserve it  We are constantly changing so we are not who gave us this cause  We should liberate others from suffering because no one deserves to suffer  In Buddhism charity is very strong, care of living things is priority  Karma isn’t justice, it’s just a universal/natural law, not rewards and punishments  Follow dharma and you’ll live well o Meditation  Can see previous lives (possibly)  Reach different realms (explained below) th  4 Noble Truth o Path to Nirvana, how to get there o How to live in this life  Happiness in this life  Nirvana is ultimate goal, but you can still be happy in this life  Live the best life you can  Use wisdom of dharma to deal with problems of ordinary life  Why was Buddha born? o For welfare and happiness for us, to show us how to live this life happily  No need to leave family and job o Buddha wanted people to be able to realize the same liberating dharma he did  How to achieve happiness and welfare o 1. Ditthadhamma-hitasukha  Welfare and happiness directly visible in this life, attained by fulfilling responsibilities o 2. Samparayika-hitasukha  Next life, do things that will give you a good next life o 3. Parahattha  Vital goal  Nibbana final release from cycle of rebirth  Noble eightfold path  Worshipping the six directions o A boy is paying homage to the six directions, North, East, South, West, and up and down or the sky and earth, Buddha tells him that he shouldn’t just pray to the directions, that the six directions are indicative of something else  Ie. East=Parents and North=Friends  Parents are very important to pay homage to, because you can never quite repay them for all they’ve done for you  So you can’t just worship a thing, like the directions, you have to respect the people around you  Rituals aren’t as important  Husband and Wife o Wretches and Wretches  When both are wretches  Abuse, immoral, theft o Wretch with a god/goddess  Good character wife/husband with a bad partner o God and Goddess  Good partners, healthy for each other  Will be reincarnated together in future lives, whether as husband and wife again, or brother and sister/cousins  Always together in every life o 7 kinds of wives  Reborn in Hell  Slayer: Hateful/Cold/Heartless  Thief: Takes $ husband earned  Tyrant: Bullies  Go to Heaven  Mother: Protects/Helpful  Sister: Hold husband in high regard  Friend: Welcoming  Handmaid: Humbly submits to husband’s will  How should wives take this?  Don’t submit easily to husband, if husband is wrong let him know  Doesn’t mean to obey or be a slave to the husband  Interpret as respect mutually between partners  Avoid Wrong Livelihood o 5 trades (jobs) not to do  What they are + Examples  1. Weapons (ie. Gun manufacturing)  2. Trading living beings (ie. Slavery)  3. Meat (ie. Butcher)  4. Intoxicants (ie. Bars/Drug dealers)  5. Poison (ie. Manufacturers of chemical warfare)  Trading in any of these things is bad karma  Some monks are vegetarian (don’t trade in meat/don’t consume it either) But others take what food they can get (begging)  All lives are connected  Any job with intent to destroy life is bad (life meaning animals and humans)  4 kinds of happiness o 1. Possession  Buddha doesn’t say we have to give up our things that we worked hard for o 2. Enjoyment o 3. Freedom from debt o 4. Blamelessness (morally) o These are all healthy desires we can have  Moral life o 1 step on the path to Nirvana o Include all living things o Don’t think “I shouldn’t life because I’ll go to hell” think “I shouldn’t lie because it will hurt other people” o Living without self by being concerned for others happiness  7 principles of social stability (without stable society, no one can reach Nirvana) o 1. Communicate  Regular and frequent assembly o 2. Harmony  When meeting, breaking up, etc o 3. Follow/Respect law o 4. Respect elders and consider them worth listening to o 5. Don’t abduct others wives/daughters o 6. Keep religion strong o 7. Proper provision for arahants  Tranquility to land o Kings can bring happiness to country by making people happy, not by threatening them o Social service  Living wages  Welfare  Buddhist Cosmology o 3 realms  1. Sense-sphere realm  Our realm  2 levels o 1. Bad destinations (of which there is 3)  Hell, animal kingdom, sphere of spirits  Unending hunger, thirst, and suffering o 2. Good destinations (of which there is 7)  Human world and six heavenly planes  World we can sense, with body material  Those born here driven by sensual desire  2. Form realm  16 planes  Grosser types material form is absent  3. Formless realm  Material form doesn’t exist  Highly spiritual realm achieved through meditation  Eons or a billion years of lifespans  Our mental state o All different realms are realms we can experience right now through mediation/don’t have to be reborn into them o All realms are impermanent and have an ending  Unrighteous Conduct o 3 Bodily  Killing  Thieving  Sexual misconduct o 4 Verbal  Lying/falsehood  Maliciousness  Harsh speaking  Idle chatter o 3 Mental  Coveting  Ill will/intense hate  Wrong view


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