New User Special Price Expires in

Let's log you in.

Sign in with Facebook


Don't have a StudySoup account? Create one here!


Create a StudySoup account

Be part of our community, it's free to join!

Sign up with Facebook


Create your account
By creating an account you agree to StudySoup's terms and conditions and privacy policy

Already have a StudySoup account? Login here

History 1020, lecture 3 notes

by: Amanda Notetaker

History 1020, lecture 3 notes 1020-002

Marketplace > Auburn University > History > 1020-002 > History 1020 lecture 3 notes
Amanda Notetaker
View Full Document for 0 Karma

View Full Document


Unlock These Notes for FREE

Enter your email below and we will instantly email you these Notes for World History II

(Limited time offer)

Unlock Notes

Already have a StudySoup account? Login here

Unlock FREE Class Notes

Enter your email below to receive World History II notes

Everyone needs better class notes. Enter your email and we will send you notes for this class for free.

Unlock FREE notes

About this Document

Nationalism and Unification of Germany Notes
World History II
Dr. Giustino
Class Notes




Popular in World History II

Popular in History

This 10 page Class Notes was uploaded by Amanda Notetaker on Sunday February 14, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to 1020-002 at Auburn University taught by Dr. Giustino in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 16 views. For similar materials see World History II in History at Auburn University.


Reviews for History 1020, lecture 3 notes


Report this Material


What is Karma?


Karma is the currency of StudySoup.

You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!

Date Created: 02/14/16
Nationalism and Unification of Germany Lecture Notes (2/2/16) Nationalism: th - The 4 religion/political ideology to come out of the industrial revolution - Having loyalty to one’s country(definition) - Having feelings of common national identity(2 nd definition) o Can come from a number of places o Ex: share in common language o Common shared traditions or common shared symbols(ex: flag) o Common sense of a shared past, history, memories - 19 century Germany nationalism o January 18 , 1871 (PROMISE QUESTION) o Marks the beginning of independent Germany o Contributed to the outbreak of WWI o Contributed to the outbreak of WW2 o Very important for world history as well o Contributed to the nazi holocaust **Unified Germany came out of states population in 1850 Prussia and Habsburg Monarchy: - The largest and most powerful states in Central Europe around 1850 - Habsburg Monarchy was aka Austro-Hungary in 1867 - Capital of Prussia was berlin, was the capital of unified Germany - Capital of HB was Vienna - There were a number of smaller central Europe independent states, approx 37 prior to 1850! o Region caharacterized by intense religious and political fragmention prior to the unification of Germany in 1871! o Google map of Europe in1860!!! - HB monarchy was a very complex state! - Was a very multi ethnic state within its borders! o Germans lived here and dominated the state! Was the language and everything! o Czechs also lived here! o Hungarians also lived here! (aka Mugyars) o Slovaks o Poles o Italians! o All had different competing nationalist loyalties! - Prussia population was very different! o They were largely unicultural and was very polish! o Had german speakers! o 37 other independent states were also german dominatnt! o Very unicultural! o Inclined towards unification toward a unififed Germany With the communist manifesto published in 1848, rebellions occurred and with this the Frankfurt Assembly came into power! - Grew out of the revolutions of 1848 - First started meeting in may 1848-may of 1849 - Composed largely of middle class men! - Goal was to create a constitution for a unfied Germany! o Looking to create a constituition for a state that doesn’t exist! o Somewhat utopian! o Somewhat idealistic!!! - Middle class men apart of the FA worked very hard to complete their goal! - Goal was completed in may 1849! o Said that Germany was ONLY for germnas! o Only Germans were included in this constitution! o Hapsburg monarchy was also not included at all in this constitution! o They didn’t want the non germans of the HM included in the writing of this constitution! o Government was to be a constitutional monarchy  A government in which a monarch (king/queen) shared power with a parliament of 11 elected officials!  King was given A LOT of power!  Power to dissolve parliament and rule w/o it!  If parliament did something the king didn’t like, he could get rid of them and dissolve them! o Most men had the right to vote except for poor men! b/c they were believed to not have the reason and national capacity to make good decisions! o Men 25+ o Prussian king at the time was King William IV  Was asked to be the first king By the FA  Said no to this officer!  “Would not pick up a crown from the gutter!”  was not a member of the middle class!  He would only accept leadership from other members of his class (the aristocracy)  Would NOT accept leadership from the bourgeiosse!  King until 1861!  King during the revolutions of 1848!  He was unsettled by developments in 1848!  Made some political changes in order to try and secure some political stability in Prussia  In 1850, he wrote his own new constitution for Prussia!  The Prussian constitution of 1850! I. II. Study Question 2: Prussian constitution of 1850 - Called for a constitutional monarchy! - Prussian diet was created in this constitution! - Elected by universal male suffrage! - System of voting was introduced: 3 class franchise! o 3 class franchise: o top tier was 5% (117 seats) o 12.6% was the second tier! (117 seats) o Then 82.7% (117 seats) o Total seats was 351! o Top 2 wealthiest groups voted together!! o System did give all men the right to vote! o Weight of the vote was set up so that the wealthiest groups of men always won and worked that way to always allow the aristocracy in power! o Worked out to always give the king the most power! o King had tremendous powers, In any way that he didn’t like what the parliament was doing, he could send them home! o King also had another important power: appoint all ministers of state and could remove them as well!  Ex: secetary of state (in European systems these were reffered to as secretaries of ministers!)  Shared government only worked in the way that the king always got his way! - Minsiter President o Made sure that the elected representatives always did what the king wanted in their activities! o Kept everyone in line and tried to keep the king as happy as possible! - Something that we don’t see in this constitution is the creation of a unified german state! - One german who was very hungry for a unifed Germany was : Otto von Bismarck o Had a very long and healthy life! Lived from 1815-1898 o Was an aristocrat like Frederik William the 4 th o Staunched german nationalist o Had a specific vision of a unified Germany! o Wanted a unified germnay that consisted only of Prussia and german states composed only of Germany! o Did not like the HM!, plus they weren’t germans!! o In 1862, Bismark was named the minister president over the Prussian govstnment!  Appointed by willaim the 1 ! (Prussian king from 1861-1890)  Minister when Germany unifies in 1871!  Made it clear that he wanted a unified Germany  1862: Bismark delivered a speech!  It would take iron and blood to create a unified Germany!  War became the tool that bismark used to create a unified Germany!!  Bismark went about deliaberately looked for opportunites to cause war with enemnies in order to create the unifed german states!  Used iron and blood to bring about creation o Austro Prussian war (aka 7 weeks war)-LOOK UP WHEN STARTED! III. Austro-Prussian War - Fought b/w Prussia and the Hapsburg monarchy! - Started b/c Bismark provoked and deliberately started this war! - Accused the Hapsburg monsrchy of mismanaging their affairs! - Was very insulted by Prussia telliging them that they were mismanaging their affairs! - Mobilized for war against Prussia! - Began on june 15 , 1866 - Over in about 7 weeks, which is why it was called the 7 weeks war! - Prussian army was so modified! - Prussian troops just wamped the Austrian troops! o It was so bad by how bad the Prussians beat the Austrian Troos o Led to the creation of Austria-Hungary in 1867 o Prussia clearly won this war and got to decide the peace terms! o Hapsburg monarchy could not longer be involved in any affairs of those other central European states! o By end of 1867, Prussia had defeated 21 of those little independent states!  All in the northern stretch of central Europe!  Were organized into the North German Confederation  Comprised of Prussia and 27  Became a new German state!  Also had the same voting laws of the Prussia constitution! o Still another 17 states that needed to be brought under he umbrella of Prussia as apart of unified Germany!  Led to Franco-Prussian war! IV. Franco –Prussian war - Seeds were planted in 1868 in Spain! - In Spain there was a coup d’etat o There was an overthrow of the gov’t! o A temporary gov’t was then established in spain! o They decide that they wanted to have another king on the thrown! o Hohenzollern Royal Family  Aristocratic family of Prussia!  Spain wanted a royal family of Prussia on their thrown! o France was horrified of this! They did not want this to happen for many reasons!  France and Prussia did not get along!  If they had a member of this family on the thronw, they would be surrounded of pro- prussian families ruling and they would be surrounded by their enemies!  France decided to appeal to Prussia! th  July 13 1870  French ambassador asked Prussia to not do that!  Tried to get a French member of royal family to the throne!  King was at a spa-town called ems!  French amabassador was count Vincent beneddetti!  Quickly went away after making his request!  Bennedetti then wrote up a telegram for what happened in this meeting!  Bismark read this telegram and fictionalized it in such a matter to make the French declare war on Prussia!  Had this leaked to the press! o Tensions were already high with Prussia! o France was just so insulted in all of this! - War Started on july 1870, over by January of 1871! - Prussian army defeated the French troops! - Another relatively quick victory for the germans! - The franco-prussian war was pushed to join the german confederation! - Some of the german states were joined by the north german confederation th - January 18 , 1871: all german states were unifed, all of the 38 staes were unified! o Who was not included? o They were called german reich (reich means empire) o 1 unified german state o king of Prussia was declared emperor of this new reich!!! o King of Prussia was declared emperor in paris, in the hall of mirror, in the palace of Versailles! o Surpiresed it wasn’t in berlin!!! - This was deeply embarrassing and deeply humilitating for the French! - Hostility contributed to the outbreak of WW1, which then led to the outbreak of WW2


Buy Material

Are you sure you want to buy this material for

0 Karma

Buy Material

BOOM! Enjoy Your Free Notes!

We've added these Notes to your profile, click here to view them now.


You're already Subscribed!

Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'

Why people love StudySoup

Steve Martinelli UC Los Angeles

"There's no way I would have passed my Organic Chemistry class this semester without the notes and study guides I got from StudySoup."

Anthony Lee UC Santa Barbara

"I bought an awesome study guide, which helped me get an A in my Math 34B class this quarter!"

Steve Martinelli UC Los Angeles

"There's no way I would have passed my Organic Chemistry class this semester without the notes and study guides I got from StudySoup."


"Their 'Elite Notetakers' are making over $1,200/month in sales by creating high quality content that helps their classmates in a time of need."

Become an Elite Notetaker and start selling your notes online!

Refund Policy


All subscriptions to StudySoup are paid in full at the time of subscribing. To change your credit card information or to cancel your subscription, go to "Edit Settings". All credit card information will be available there. If you should decide to cancel your subscription, it will continue to be valid until the next payment period, as all payments for the current period were made in advance. For special circumstances, please email


StudySoup has more than 1 million course-specific study resources to help students study smarter. If you’re having trouble finding what you’re looking for, our customer support team can help you find what you need! Feel free to contact them here:

Recurring Subscriptions: If you have canceled your recurring subscription on the day of renewal and have not downloaded any documents, you may request a refund by submitting an email to

Satisfaction Guarantee: If you’re not satisfied with your subscription, you can contact us for further help. Contact must be made within 3 business days of your subscription purchase and your refund request will be subject for review.

Please Note: Refunds can never be provided more than 30 days after the initial purchase date regardless of your activity on the site.