PSYCH 2777, Week 5 notes (week of February 8th- 12th)
PSYCH 2777, Week 5 notes (week of February 8th- 12th) Psyc 2777
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This 6 page Class Notes was uploaded by Rosemarie Pacitto on Sunday February 14, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Psyc 2777 at East Carolina University taught by Nathaniel Vietor in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 422 views. For similar materials see Ethnocultural Psychology in Psychlogy at East Carolina University.
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Date Created: 02/14/16
Henry Louis Gates Article- In- Class Notes as well as Personal Notes 2/08/16 Themes: - Blacks who are raised wealthy, middle class are not apart of black community - Equate black community with crime and drug use - Caught in no- mans land of alienation and fragmentation is black middle class - African Americans are the ultimate unassimilables of American Mix - Being black in America meant acknowledging/ honoring those whites who have achieved - Brown vs Board of Education: Legal Scholarship - We need to stop associating blacks with decreased education, lack of success, and poverty PAPER BAG TEST- people in organizations would take a brown paper bag and hold it against a person's skin. If a person was lighter or the same color as the bag, he or she was admitted. WEB Debois proposing Talented Tenth - If you look at any culture at any time, only 10% of population considered cultural elite à Drive the boat, dictate culture Principles of the Talented Tenth: -Law and medicine -Education and scholarship Is there a culture of poverty? YES, it implies that there is something about peoples mentalities that makes them poor. Do we have to act a certain way to be perceived as black? “acting black” is not essential to being black we don’t have to fail in order to be black. Succeeding and education does not make you “white” Cant pretend that 30 million people could ever be apart of the same social class Kochman Article: In-class Notes as well as Personal Notes 2/10/16 “Birth of a Nation” -Most racist movie of all time -First movie ever shown in white house -Shows discrimination as ‘good thing’ and not a problem -Black Stereotypes “Song of the South” by Disney -Racist Movie Burried by Disney and hard to find --This article is Psycholinguist, meaning that it emphasizes that all language is symbolic-- Emblematic Ethnic Indicators= racial and cultural features that serve an identity function or otherwise mark and maintain social boundaries between black (in- group) and white (out-group) members. Nonemblemtic Ethnic Indicators= distinctive black cultural patterns that don’t serve such function. *These consist of different ways of communicating between blacks and whites *Evaluated by in-group by emblematic ethnic indicators Ethnography of communication operates with the notion of communicative competence: best understood, perhaps, as what a speaker needs to know to communicate effectively or appropriately in significant settings. Cognitive style = a way of looking at the world, which could formally be represented as a cognitive map. Style= a complex of symbols, forms, and value orientations, that when applied to ethnic groups signals both overt cultural contexts and underlying subjective values and standards by which performance is judged. Emblematic Ethnic Components: Racial Identification White labels for blacks: derogatory, focusing on black physical features. EX: liver lips, spade, monkey Black Labels for whites: Derogatory, about whites attitudes towards blacks (whether racist or not) White Labels for Whites: usually about ethnicity rather than racial EX: Spick, margo Black labels for blacks: inclusion or exclusion in in-group vs. out-group. Whether their counterparts ‘act black’. EX: Blood, member, brother, or OREO if excluded. Black Intonation/Expressive Intensity: features that clacks use as a self and group identifying ethnic markers. Function as an inside (ethnic) boundary marker for blacks. Substance of which characterizes blacks as “acting white”. Nonemblematic Ethnic Components: Boasting Black Talk: Whites consider a fight when talk is involved with anger present and insults exchanged. More of an argument. When blacks say they had a fight, violence occurred and weren’t just ‘arguing’ Verbal dueling: exchange or ritualistic insults. May have come about to toughen up young African American skins. Exchange ends when someone is insulted, lacks a comeback, or fight breaks out. Buriel Article: In- class Nites as well as Personal Notes 2/12/16 The Mexican descent ethnic group represents a distinct ethnic group. They sure predominately Mestizos, meaning they are a genetic mixture of European Spanish and New World Indian In the aftermath of the Mexican American war, Mexico lost most of its territories that are today the Southwestern U.S, and the Mexican residents of these annexed territories became residents by default. Because of the pervious years hostilities, Euro- American residents became hostile to these new Mexican decent Americans. Texas rangers and other groups terrorized these new residents, making the word Mexicans as bad as a racial slur as ni**ers. - Because of the treatment and associated thoughts of the Word Mexican, terms evolved such as Latin and Latin American to label Mexican ethnic identity. WW11 was a turning point in the development of ethnic consciousness of Mexican- descent population -after serving and experiencing casualties, they had proven to Euro- Americans that they were loyal Americans. Chicano Movement: because of residential, educational, and occupational segregation, people of Mexican descent exploded in protest Hispanic: appears on all government publications that make reference to the mestizo population in the U.S Ethnic Labels in Adult Populations: Twenty Statements test: measures ethnic identity in relation to the total self- identity. - negative relationship between preference for ‘Mexican’ and income level, and positive relationship between preferences for ‘Mexican American’ and income levels - 90% of those identifying themselves as “Mexican American”, “Chicano”, or “Other Spanish” were born in the U.S. Those who self identified as “Mexican” or “Mexicano” often born in Mexico - More males identify themselves as “Chicanos” than females. Ethnic Labeling in Adolescents: Students given a triad of a story designed to measure their perceptions of prejudice. The 3 stories described the same encounter in which a citizen is stopped for speeding by a policeman, except the name of the citizen changed from story to story. The 3 names substituted for each other in the stories were Juan Gonzalez, John Grant, and Beulah Johnson. - When the subject in the story was Juan, ‘Chicanos’ were more likely to perceive the encounter with the policeman as racial discrimination. - On the other hand, “Mexican Americans’ said that the policeman was only doing his job - Both of them agreed that Juan would Probably get a ticket - In the case of John, more “Chicanos” believed that he would get off without a ticket - Results for Beulah Johnson were not able to be interpreted because most respondents were unsure of racial background. Chicano identity is associated with a more militant and questioning attitude towards the U.S system of justice. Generational Status, Labeling, and Acculturation in Children: “Mexican American” is the most neutral ethnic label, and therefore the one that is acceptable to persons of the Mexican Descent. Mexicans of first generations unanimously prefer the label ‘Mexican” For the Second and third generations, “Mexican Americans” is the preferred label
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