Week 5 Notes - Intro to Psychology (PSYCH 1101)
Week 5 Notes - Intro to Psychology (PSYCH 1101) PSYCH 1101
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Brooke Mays on Sunday February 14, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PSYCH 1101 at Georgia Regents University taught by Verlaque, L. in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 39 views. For similar materials see Introduction to Psychology in Psychlogy at Georgia Regents University.
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Date Created: 02/14/16
2/9/2016 – 2/11/2016 Week 5 Intro to Psychology Notes Piaet’s Stages of Cognitive Development 1) Sensorimotor Object permanence Stranger anxiety 2) Preoperational Pretend play Egocentrism Language Development Theory of Mind 3) Concrete Operational Logical Thought Conservation Mathematical transformations Reversibility 4) Formal Operational Abstract reasoning Potential for mature moral reasoning Cognitive development – development of how you think, learning through experience Piaget noticed young children were all making the same errors, errors in the way they think as they develop Piaget – cognitive development Erikson – pychosocial Schema – folders, how we categorize things, children don’t encounter things as much so they assimilate things together Dog Schema for a Child 4 legs Head Fur Tail Child may call a cat a dog but if they are corrected then they will make an accommodation Accommodation – new schema with new formation 2/9/2016 – 2/11/2016 Cat Schema for a Child 4 legs Head Fur Tail Goes meow 1) Sensory Stage Birth to 2 years old Touch, smell, taste Cognitive error – object permanence, but difficultly will be mastered 2) Preoperational Stage 2 to 6/7 years old Pretend play Egocentrism – not egotistical, just not able to see something from another person’s point of view Learning empathy Lack of Conservation – if you move things of change them, they’re still the same 3) Concrete operational 7 – 11 years old Using concrete logic Using mathematical operations and reverse operations Harlow Wire Mother/Cloth Mother Food over warmth/security? NO! Attachment – more towards who provided comfort and safety than who provided food Monkeys were never able to recover because of their isolation 3 Main Types of Attachment 1) Secure 2) Ambivalent 3) Avoidant Caregiver in room with child, how does the child interact with them? How does the child react when the caregiver leaves? And how does the child react when the caregiver returns? 1) Secure Caregiver is secure base, checking back with them while exploring 2/9/2016 – 2/11/2016 Child is upset when the caregiver leaves Child is soothed when the caregiver returns 2) Ambivalent Child is wanting to play with the caregiver Child is devastated when the caregiver leaves Child cannot be comforted when the caregiver returns 3) Avoidant Child avoids caregiver Child is startled when they leave Child avoids caregiver when they return Not just the mother’s behavior to the child but the temperament of the child also factors into the child’s attachment. Parenting Styles 1) Authoritarian – strict, no reasons given, harsh consequences, high control, “because I said so” 2) Authoritative – firm but flexible, give and take, realistic and consistent, communication is key 3) Permissive – lets them do whatever they want, warm and nurturing, trying to be their friend 4) Neglectful – not there for the child Adolescence Puberty 50 years ago was at 15 Today it is at about 12 or 13 12 – 18 years old – Adolescence 18 – 25 years old – Emerging adulthood Puberty – ready to have children? Obesity – percentage of fat on body, developing nations, better food and more nutrition Repercussions 2/9/2016 – 2/11/2016 For females – jealously, bullies, sexual harassment, more likely to engage in sex earlier, substance and alcohol abuse For males – sexual activity earlier, substance and alcohol abuse, more popular and confident Erikson’s States Each state has a spectrum st 1 18 months Trying to develop trust in people Attachment style is developing Autonomy vs. Shame/Doubt 1 – 3 years old Walking Potty training Independence Failures – shame and doubt Initiative vs. Guilt 35 years old Learning to dress selves Explore surroundings Pretend play Sense of purpose and control Industry vs. Inferiority 6 – 11 years old School focus Finding something that you excel at Need to feel that they can excel
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