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Week 5 Notes - Intro to Psychology (PSYCH 1101)

by: Brooke Mays

Week 5 Notes - Intro to Psychology (PSYCH 1101) PSYCH 1101

Marketplace > Georgia Regents University > Psychlogy > PSYCH 1101 > Week 5 Notes Intro to Psychology PSYCH 1101
Brooke Mays


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About this Document

These are the notes from the 5th week of 2/9/2016 - 2/11/2016 from Professor Verlaque's class at Augusta University. I will be uploading new notes weekly. Thanks for looking!
Introduction to Psychology
Verlaque, L.
Class Notes
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Brooke Mays on Sunday February 14, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PSYCH 1101 at Georgia Regents University taught by Verlaque, L. in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 39 views. For similar materials see Introduction to Psychology in Psychlogy at Georgia Regents University.


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Date Created: 02/14/16
2/9/2016 – 2/11/2016 Week 5 Intro to Psychology Notes Piaet’s Stages of Cognitive Development 1) Sensorimotor ­ Object permanence ­ Stranger anxiety 2) Pre­operational ­ Pretend play ­ Egocentrism ­ Language ­ Development ­ Theory of Mind 3) Concrete Operational ­ Logical Thought ­ Conservation ­ Mathematical transformations ­ Reversibility 4) Formal Operational ­ Abstract reasoning ­ Potential for mature moral reasoning Cognitive development – development of how you think, learning through experience Piaget noticed young children were all making the same errors, errors in the way they think as  they develop Piaget – cognitive development Erikson – pycho­social Schema – folders, how we categorize things, children don’t encounter things as much so they  assimilate things together Dog Schema for a Child ­ 4 legs ­ Head ­ Fur ­ Tail Child may call a cat a dog but if they are corrected then they will make an accommodation Accommodation – new schema with new formation 2/9/2016 – 2/11/2016 Cat Schema for a Child ­ 4 legs ­ Head ­ Fur ­ Tail ­ Goes meow 1) Sensory Stage ­ Birth to 2 years old ­ Touch, smell, taste ­ Cognitive error – object permanence, but difficultly will be mastered 2) Preoperational Stage ­ 2 to 6/7 years old ­ Pretend play ­ Egocentrism – not egotistical, just not able to see something from another person’s  point of view ­ Learning empathy ­ Lack of Conservation – if you move things of change them, they’re still the same 3) Concrete operational ­ 7 – 11 years old ­ Using concrete logic ­ Using mathematical operations and reverse operations Harlow Wire Mother/Cloth Mother ­ Food over warmth/security? NO! ­ Attachment – more towards who provided comfort and safety than who provided food ­ Monkeys were never able to recover because of their isolation 3 Main Types of Attachment 1) Secure 2) Ambivalent 3) Avoidant Caregiver in room with child, how does the child interact with them? How does the child react  when the caregiver leaves? And how does the child react when the caregiver returns? 1) Secure ­ Caregiver is secure base, checking back with them while exploring 2/9/2016 – 2/11/2016 ­ Child is upset when the caregiver leaves ­ Child is soothed when the caregiver returns 2) Ambivalent ­ Child is wanting to play with the caregiver ­ Child is devastated when the caregiver leaves ­ Child cannot be comforted when the caregiver returns 3) Avoidant ­ Child avoids caregiver ­ Child is startled when they leave ­ Child avoids caregiver when they return Not just the mother’s behavior to the child but the temperament of the child also factors into the  child’s attachment. Parenting Styles 1) Authoritarian – strict, no reasons given, harsh consequences, high control, “because I said so” 2) Authoritative – firm but flexible, give and take, realistic and consistent, communication is key 3) Permissive – lets them do whatever they want, warm and nurturing, trying to be their  friend 4) Neglectful – not there for the child Adolescence Puberty 50 years ago was at 15 Today it is at about 12 or 13 12 – 18 years old – Adolescence 18 – 25 years old – Emerging adulthood Puberty – ready to have children? Obesity – percentage of fat on body, developing nations, better food and more nutrition Repercussions 2/9/2016 – 2/11/2016 ­ For females – jealously, bullies, sexual harassment, more likely to engage in sex  earlier, substance and alcohol abuse ­ For males – sexual activity earlier, substance and alcohol abuse, more popular and  confident Erikson’s States Each state has a spectrum st 1  18 months ­ Trying to develop trust in people ­ Attachment style is developing Autonomy vs. Shame/Doubt ­ 1 – 3 years old ­ Walking ­ Potty training ­ Independence ­ Failures – shame and doubt Initiative vs. Guilt ­ 3­5 years old ­ Learning to dress selves ­ Explore surroundings ­ Pretend play ­ Sense of purpose and control Industry vs. Inferiority ­ 6 – 11 years old ­ School focus ­ Finding something that you excel at ­ Need to feel that they can excel


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