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PSY 325 Week 4 Notes

by: Lauren Toomey

PSY 325 Week 4 Notes PSY 325

Lauren Toomey

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About this Document

These notes cover February 8th and February 12th (we had an exam on the 10th, so no notes from that day).
Psychology of Personality
Karla Gingerich
Class Notes
PSY 325, Psychology, personality
25 ?




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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Lauren Toomey on Sunday February 14, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PSY 325 at Colorado State University taught by Karla Gingerich in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 16 views. For similar materials see Psychology of Personality in Psychlogy at Colorado State University.

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Date Created: 02/14/16
Lecture 9: Monday, February 8 Lecture 10: (Ch. 5, part 1) Personality Judgment Friday, February 12, 2016 1:02 PM 3 chapters, then Exam 2 (only 3 chapters on next exam) Today: Judging personalities Monday: Guest Speaker • Personality Judgment • Everyone does it, all the time (even if you're not conscious of it) • There are many consequences of doing it (relationships, politics, court systems, etc.) • Psychologists are particularly interested in opportunities and expectancies, which relate to Self-fulfilling prophecies o Judgments are very related to our actual behaviors o Someone has to make a judgment about you in order for you to get more opportunities (like in the workplace) • Classic study on teacher's expectations: o 1st and 2nd graders randomly assigned to be "bloomers" or not • "Bloomers" were given good recommendations to the teacher o Results: Teacher knows what to expect out of them, and there was an IQ increase in the bloomers • Students excelled when teachers expected them to bloom; the kids were randomly assigned and unaware o What teachers did differently with the bloomers : • Warmer emotions • Better feedback when they made a mistake, as opposed to the non -bloomers • More challenging material • More opportunities to demonstrate learning • In real life, are our judgments accurate? o Constructivist view o Funder's view • What gives us mor e confidence in our judgments? o As with other personality tests, consider the following: • Convergent validity: Lots of different converging information makes us more confident (a.k.a. aggregating the data) § Funder calls it the "duck test" -- looks like a duck, quacks, probably a duck (this is what more data gives us) • Interjudge agreement: a lot of people see one person certain way, except for that person themselves § Who is more believable? § We agree with people's positive opinions of us, not the negatives • Personality Judgement: First Impressions • What info do we gather in first impressions? o From neutral faces- extroversion is easiest to detect quickly, and after that it's agreeableness • "Blind Speed Dating" o People wear brown paper bags over thei r heads • Based on "love flutter" app -- the "anti-Tinder" • Where they swipe based on a statement that the person chooses to define them (instead of a picture) • Then they can meet up at this paper bag speed dating event (at the end they reveal faces) • Shoes and Personality? o Bright shoes express confidence § Will be more confident in their relationships and take those risks o Plain shoes means not confident § But clean and tidy (plain) shoes indicate relationship anxiety (playing it safe in case their partner leaves them) o If you wear combat boots on the street or out, you're found to be less agreeable o Result of the study: 90% accuracy o This is not a "moving parts" study -- meaning these objects are stagnant and just objects (not observing people's behaviors, just their shoes) • Makeup o Results of a study: has an impact on attractiveness, trustworthiness, and confidence, likeability o Makeup will have an impact on people's perceptions • You are perceived as more confident, likeable, trustworthy just by wearing mak eup o Perceptions can be malleable -- not all biological o Whether we like it or not, people judge a book by it's cover


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