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Intro to CRMJ 254 Week 3 notes

by: Alexis Braxton

Intro to CRMJ 254 Week 3 notes Crmj 254

Marketplace > Towson University > Criminal Justice > Crmj 254 > Intro to CRMJ 254 Week 3 notes
Alexis Braxton
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About this Document

These notes cover what is on the exam and information that she said in class and lecture slides.
Intro to Criminal Justice
Miriam D. Sealock
Class Notes




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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Alexis Braxton on Sunday February 14, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Crmj 254 at Towson University taught by Miriam D. Sealock in Spring 2015. Since its upload, it has received 43 views. For similar materials see Intro to Criminal Justice in Criminal Justice at Towson University.


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Date Created: 02/14/16
   Intro to Criminal Justice CRMJ 254       Week 3 Spring 2016 Deterrent effect of police, courts, and correction. Deterrence Theory­ rational creatures and weigh the costs vs. benefits of our actions  (including committing crime) Formal cost­ apprehended, arrested, punishment Informal cost­losing your job, home etc. Criminal justice system has the power to impact the potential coat  Severity of punishment  Certainty of punishment  Speed/efficiency of punishment Certainty > Severity High severity doesn’t equal deterrence of crime It is not proven that the death penalty deters crime A crime is   A legal wrong  Prohibited by the criminal law  Prosecuted by the state  In formal court proceeding in which penalty or sanction may be imposed The Flow of Decision Making in the Criminal Justice System Felony: A criminal offense generally punishable by, at minimum, over a year’s  incarceration in a prison facility. Misdemeanor: A criminal offense generally punishable, at maximum, by no more than one  year’s incarceration in a jail facility. Infraction: Minor offense generally punishable by a fine (no possibility of incarceration). 1. Crime comes to the attention of law enforcement a. Crime is reported by victim or witness b. Police witness a crime in progress National Crime Victimization Survey (NCVS)  Continuously­collected survey of randomly­ selected households o Approx. 90,000 households are in the sample   All members of the household who are at least 12 years old are interviewed  every 6 months for three years o Respondents are asked detailed questions about:  Whether they have been a victim of crime during particular  time period  Criminal event that happened  “Official” data sources vs. Self­reported data sources  Gives us information about crime victimization that is not revealed in  “official” statistics (which are based on crimes reported to police only) o Who are the crime victims? Who are the perpetrator? o Circumstances surrounding the criminal event o Harm and damage resulting from the crime o Whether a crime was reported to the police. Why or why not? Why aren’t crimes reported?  Private matter o Doesn’t want the perpetrator to get in trouble o Doesn’t want to get involved in the criminal justice system  Victim considers incident to be minor o Questions whether he/she was a victim of a crime  Fearful of retaliation and reprisal for reporting  Blames self for being a victim of crime o Feels they have contribute to the situation somehow  Doesn’t believe police can do anything o Won’t make the situation better  Too much effort to report the crime Likelihood of becoming a victim of violent crime is NOT evenly distributed across the  population, time and place. Race  Whites, Blacks, Native Americans and Asians  Native Americans have the highest Violent victimization rates overall o Blacks are 2x less likely of being a victim of a crime o Whites are2 ½ x less likely o Asians are 5x less likely  Sex  Males are more likely to be victims of violent crime in general than females are  Males are more likely to be violently victimized a stranger than females are.(Vice  versa for females) Age  The most powerful demographic predictor of violent victimization!!!!!!!!!!!!  The young are more likely to be victim of violent crime than old o Early 20’s have the highest victimization rates o Elderly have the lowest victimization rates 2. Investigation a. Law enforcement must prioritize cases make best use of limited resources 3. Arrest a. Physically taking a person into custody pending a court proceeding b. Must be based on probable cause i. Evidence supports reasonable belief that a crime has been committed  and that arrestee is responsible. Violent crimes are a bigger investigative priority for law enforcement Violent crimes involve an interaction btw victim and perpetrator Physical evidence may be more likely to be left behind at the scene


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