Intro to CRMJ 254 Week 3 notes
Intro to CRMJ 254 Week 3 notes Crmj 254
Popular in Intro to Criminal Justice
Popular in Criminal Justice
verified elite notetaker
This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Alexis Braxton on Sunday February 14, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Crmj 254 at Towson University taught by Miriam D. Sealock in Spring 2015. Since its upload, it has received 43 views. For similar materials see Intro to Criminal Justice in Criminal Justice at Towson University.
Reviews for Intro to CRMJ 254 Week 3 notes
Report this Material
What is Karma?
Karma is the currency of StudySoup.
You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!
Date Created: 02/14/16
Intro to Criminal Justice CRMJ 254 Week 3 Spring 2016 Deterrent effect of police, courts, and correction. Deterrence Theory rational creatures and weigh the costs vs. benefits of our actions (including committing crime) Formal cost apprehended, arrested, punishment Informal costlosing your job, home etc. Criminal justice system has the power to impact the potential coat Severity of punishment Certainty of punishment Speed/efficiency of punishment Certainty > Severity High severity doesn’t equal deterrence of crime It is not proven that the death penalty deters crime A crime is A legal wrong Prohibited by the criminal law Prosecuted by the state In formal court proceeding in which penalty or sanction may be imposed The Flow of Decision Making in the Criminal Justice System Felony: A criminal offense generally punishable by, at minimum, over a year’s incarceration in a prison facility. Misdemeanor: A criminal offense generally punishable, at maximum, by no more than one year’s incarceration in a jail facility. Infraction: Minor offense generally punishable by a fine (no possibility of incarceration). 1. Crime comes to the attention of law enforcement a. Crime is reported by victim or witness b. Police witness a crime in progress National Crime Victimization Survey (NCVS) Continuouslycollected survey of randomly selected households o Approx. 90,000 households are in the sample All members of the household who are at least 12 years old are interviewed every 6 months for three years o Respondents are asked detailed questions about: Whether they have been a victim of crime during particular time period Criminal event that happened “Official” data sources vs. Selfreported data sources Gives us information about crime victimization that is not revealed in “official” statistics (which are based on crimes reported to police only) o Who are the crime victims? Who are the perpetrator? o Circumstances surrounding the criminal event o Harm and damage resulting from the crime o Whether a crime was reported to the police. Why or why not? Why aren’t crimes reported? Private matter o Doesn’t want the perpetrator to get in trouble o Doesn’t want to get involved in the criminal justice system Victim considers incident to be minor o Questions whether he/she was a victim of a crime Fearful of retaliation and reprisal for reporting Blames self for being a victim of crime o Feels they have contribute to the situation somehow Doesn’t believe police can do anything o Won’t make the situation better Too much effort to report the crime Likelihood of becoming a victim of violent crime is NOT evenly distributed across the population, time and place. Race Whites, Blacks, Native Americans and Asians Native Americans have the highest Violent victimization rates overall o Blacks are 2x less likely of being a victim of a crime o Whites are2 ½ x less likely o Asians are 5x less likely Sex Males are more likely to be victims of violent crime in general than females are Males are more likely to be violently victimized a stranger than females are.(Vice versa for females) Age The most powerful demographic predictor of violent victimization!!!!!!!!!!!! The young are more likely to be victim of violent crime than old o Early 20’s have the highest victimization rates o Elderly have the lowest victimization rates 2. Investigation a. Law enforcement must prioritize cases make best use of limited resources 3. Arrest a. Physically taking a person into custody pending a court proceeding b. Must be based on probable cause i. Evidence supports reasonable belief that a crime has been committed and that arrestee is responsible. Violent crimes are a bigger investigative priority for law enforcement Violent crimes involve an interaction btw victim and perpetrator Physical evidence may be more likely to be left behind at the scene
Are you sure you want to buy this material for
You're already Subscribed!
Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'