English Grammar Week 4 Notes
English Grammar Week 4 Notes E360K
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Courteney Feld on Sunday February 14, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to E360K at University of Texas at Austin taught by Dr. L Hinrichs in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 15 views. For similar materials see English Grammar in Foreign Language at University of Texas at Austin.
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Date Created: 02/14/16
English Grammar Class Notes Week 4 Non-finite verbs are only in subordinate clauses The subject is often implied Always dependent, whereas finite can be either independent or dependent Dependent clause = subordinate clause Predicate is head of clause Cats like water. The cat chased after the baby- head of predicate Licensing- complements must be licensed by their head Example: Sue disappeared the cheese- doesn’t license an object GENERATIVE GRAMMAR: Syntax and grammar= autonomous- not affected by perception or world knowledge A grammar generates sentences Core of language hardwired in mind- universal grammar; humans have language acquisition device as child She smiled- simple intransitive verb She smiled herself an upgrade- transitive and complex What, me worry? What! John get a job? Competence vs. performance- doesn’t have to be perfect to get message across Generative vs. construction grammar Understand idioms by treating them like words- form and meaning Grammar is huge network of constructions in our mind Construction Grammar is learning/experience based- pattern recognition and intention reading Adjuncts= additional info, can be taken out of sentence; dependent Verbs of motion (ran, swam, etc.) are licensing verbs for complements Wonder/think = complement/licensing verbs Pg. 80 ex. 1: 1. They suddenly ran to the gate. Suddenly = adjunct; to the gate = complement 2. I wonder if he’ll be safe all the time. complement 3. I’m keeping the dog, whatever you say. The dog = complement; whatever you say = adjunct 4. You’d better put the cat out now. The cat = complement; out = complement 5. It’s always been easy for you, hasn’t it? For you = adjunct 6. They swam in the sea, even though it was raining. In the sea = adjunct; even though it was raining = adjunct Accusative vs. nominative: Pg. 80 ex. 2 1. This letter embarrassed the government. It embarrassed “It” doesn’t show case because form is the same in nominative and accusative forms Embarrassed/embarrasses shows that pronoun is subject through subject/verb agreement He = nominative Him = accusative
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