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English Grammar Week 4 Notes

by: Courteney Feld

English Grammar Week 4 Notes E360K

Marketplace > University of Texas at Austin > Foreign Language > E360K > English Grammar Week 4 Notes
Courteney Feld
GPA 3.2

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About this Document

My personal class and book notes :)
English Grammar
Dr. L Hinrichs
Class Notes
25 ?




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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Courteney Feld on Sunday February 14, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to E360K at University of Texas at Austin taught by Dr. L Hinrichs in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 15 views. For similar materials see English Grammar in Foreign Language at University of Texas at Austin.

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Date Created: 02/14/16
English Grammar Class Notes Week 4  Non-finite verbs are only in subordinate clauses  The subject is often implied  Always dependent, whereas finite can be either independent or dependent  Dependent clause = subordinate clause  Predicate is head of clause  Cats like water.  The cat chased after the baby- head of predicate  Licensing- complements must be licensed by their head  Example: Sue disappeared the cheese- doesn’t license an object  GENERATIVE GRAMMAR:  Syntax and grammar= autonomous- not affected by perception or world knowledge  A grammar generates sentences  Core of language hardwired in mind- universal grammar; humans have language acquisition device as child  She smiled- simple intransitive verb  She smiled herself an upgrade- transitive and complex  What, me worry? What! John get a job?  Competence vs. performance- doesn’t have to be perfect to get message across  Generative vs. construction grammar  Understand idioms by treating them like words- form and meaning  Grammar is huge network of constructions in our mind  Construction Grammar is learning/experience based- pattern recognition and intention reading  Adjuncts= additional info, can be taken out of sentence; dependent  Verbs of motion (ran, swam, etc.) are licensing verbs for complements  Wonder/think = complement/licensing verbs  Pg. 80 ex. 1: 1. They suddenly ran to the gate. Suddenly = adjunct; to the gate = complement 2. I wonder if he’ll be safe all the time. complement 3. I’m keeping the dog, whatever you say. The dog = complement; whatever you say = adjunct 4. You’d better put the cat out now. The cat = complement; out = complement 5. It’s always been easy for you, hasn’t it? For you = adjunct 6. They swam in the sea, even though it was raining. In the sea = adjunct; even though it was raining = adjunct  Accusative vs. nominative:  Pg. 80 ex. 2 1. This letter embarrassed the government.  It embarrassed  “It” doesn’t show case because form is the same in nominative and accusative forms  Embarrassed/embarrasses shows that pronoun is subject through subject/verb agreement  He = nominative  Him = accusative


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