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Journalism 1100 How is News Made?

by: Kathryn Hardison

Journalism 1100 How is News Made? 1100

Kathryn Hardison

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Week 3 Notes
Principles of American Journalism
Marina Hendricks
Class Notes
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Kathryn Hardison on Sunday February 14, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to 1100 at University of Missouri - Columbia taught by Marina Hendricks in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 26 views. For similar materials see Principles of American Journalism in Journalism and Mass Communications at University of Missouri - Columbia.

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Date Created: 02/14/16
Journalism 1100­ How is News Made?  How is News Made? o What is News?  Determining events, information, and what’s important enough to be news  News is made  Information, journalism, and news are not the same thing  Difference: process and principles, journalists decide what news is, it’s uniform, driven by money  Journalists transform raw information into news with context and clarity  How? Ask: “What does this mean?”  A journalist’s core job is to get it right and bring meaning to the  day’s events  Information – journalistic process – news o What Does News Do?  It describes  It puts people in someone else’s shoes   Makes people witnesses  It uncovers  Watchdog  Brings facts to people that they need but couldn’t find easily on  their own  It humanizes  Journalism puts a face on statistics  #’s from Wall St. – journalistic process – story and importance  Takes facts and figures and finds people behind them  Reminder: journalism is about people  Phoebe Jonchuck o Perspectives on News  “If it bleeds, it leads.”  “You never read about a plane that didn’t crash.” o News Values  Helps decide what is newsworthy 1. Timeliness a. What’s happening NOW? 2. Impact a. Will the public care? How does it affect the public? 3. Currency a. What’s already been made news? Is the story part of an ongoing  issue? 4. Conflict a. Republicans vs. Democrats, ideologies, nations, values vs. morals 5. Novelty a. Something unusual, emotional, interesting 6. Prominence a. Famous people (politicians, athletes, entertainers) 7. Proximity a. How close in area are you to the news? Local, state, national,  international?  Just tools  Have to apply a general understanding  Subjective, not objective  We may neglect our goal of context but it requires good judgment  Biggest test is public interest  Over­inflation of a single news value results in error and sensationalism  Different platforms = different news values  Magazines does not = breaking news  Twitter = breaking news  Columbia news does not = New York news  USA does not = Antarctica  Newsroom Hierarchy o Print Newsroom  Publisher  Responsible for philosophy and profitability of publication  Editor/Managing Editor  Responsible to editorial content o Set stories and editorial policies  Various editors  Depends on newsrooms  City editor o Covers news in community and supervises reporters  Sports Editor o Responsible for sports section content and coverage and  supervises reporters  Opinion Editor o Selects letters to editor and supervises editorial writers  Features Editor o Supervises reporters for arts, entertainment, and lifestyle  Copy Editor o Proofread, style, fact check, headlines, captions  Reporter  Reports a particular area but also general topics  Columnist  Parenting, Dear Abby, etc. o Online­Only Newsroom  Ex: Buzzfeed  Diverse structures  More team­oriented  Fewer layer of oversights (not as many editors)  More journalistic initiative  Journalists have more freedom o Broadcast  Station/General Manager  Responsible for policy and profitability  Executive Producer  Decision­maker for newscast and business managing  News Director  How it comes together on air, assigns stories, makes corrections, etc.  Editor  Reviews stories  Reporter  Develops, writes, and reports stories  Sources of News o Incoming/Passive  Information comes to the reporter  Ex: disasters, accidents, unpredictable  Follows a prediction pattern  Journalists don’t have to search for a story  “Pseudo events”  Person does something public to seek attention o Not natural o Press conference o Press releases  Politicians and businesses pitch a story to the press and  make it enticing to the reporters


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