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Week 6 of notes

by: Ajané Notetaker

Week 6 of notes PHL 100

Ajané Notetaker
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About this Document

These notes are covering the upcoming exam
Introduction to Philosophy
Katz, Matthew
Class Notes
PHL 100




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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Ajané Notetaker on Sunday February 14, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PHL 100 at Central Michigan University taught by Katz, Matthew in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 23 views. For similar materials see Introduction to Philosophy in PHIL-Philosophy at Central Michigan University.


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Date Created: 02/14/16
Week 6 of PHL 100 Notes Does God Exist? yes/no Yes   Omniscient (all knowing)  Omnipotent ( all powerful) 1.) Cosmological argument cosmology­ study of cosmos (universe) 2.) Teleological argument teleology­ study of design and purpose 3.) Ontological argument Ontology­ study of existence No  Problem of Evil Cosmological argument  Aquinas  cosmology = study of the universe  based on common sense observations about the world Aquinas "5th way"  1st 4: versions of cosmological argument  5th: version of teleological argument Principle of sufficient reason (A.) For every object, there is an explanation why that object exists (whats the  explanation for god? Ans: Aquinas, and Clarke god is self caused) (B.) For every fact, there is an explanation why the fact is true. 3rd way "Clarke" 1.)  Assume every object is "dependent" (contingent) 2.) Then, for every object there is a time before which it did not exist 3.) Then, there would be a time before which nothing existed 4.) But there would be nothing now 5.) But since that's false lots of things exist now (The assumption is false something is  independent) 6.) That's God    If the universe consists of an infinite story of dependent  beings every object  would be explained but not every fact. Why does this series exist, rather than an  empty universe?  "The universe consists of an infinite series of dependent objects" ( suppose this is  a fact?)  Aquinas thought everything existed for a certain period, it had to be an empty  universe. 5th way 1.) Things in nature behave in some ways over and over and it usually works out well 2.) They must therefore have a goal  3.) But they are not aware 4.) Things that lack awareness do not have goals, unless directed by something with  awareness  5.) So things in nature must be directed by something with awareness 6.) That's God!


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