New User Special Price Expires in

Let's log you in.

Sign in with Facebook


Don't have a StudySoup account? Create one here!


Create a StudySoup account

Be part of our community, it's free to join!

Sign up with Facebook


Create your account
By creating an account you agree to StudySoup's terms and conditions and privacy policy

Already have a StudySoup account? Login here


by: Anna Cappelli

CPO2001Ch.5 CPO2001

Anna Cappelli
GPA 3.85

Preview These Notes for FREE

Get a free preview of these Notes, just enter your email below.

Unlock Preview
Unlock Preview

Preview these materials now for free

Why put in your email? Get access to more of this material and other relevant free materials for your school

View Preview

About this Document

these notes cover Ch.5 in the essentials of comparative politics (CCP)
Comparative Politics
Dr. Sebastian Elischer
Class Notes
Comparative Politics, Politics, political science
25 ?




Popular in Comparative Politics

Popular in Political Science

This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by Anna Cappelli on Monday February 15, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to CPO2001 at University of Florida taught by Dr. Sebastian Elischer in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 13 views. For similar materials see Comparative Politics in Political Science at University of Florida.


Reviews for CPO2001Ch.5


Report this Material


What is Karma?


Karma is the currency of StudySoup.

You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!

Date Created: 02/15/16
Sunday, February 14, 2016 Ch. 5 Democratic Regimes connotations and definitions of “democracy” differ greatly all over the world based on the origin of the word - demos which means “the common people” and krater which means “power”- we can infer that a democracy at its most fundamental as a system where political power resides with the people a power which can be exercised directly or indirectly this exercise of power is seen in 3 forms: participation (i.e. voting), competition (i.e. parties), and liberty (i.e. freedom of speech) formal definition — Democracy - political power exercised either directly or indirectly through participation, competition and liberty kind of emphasizes liberalism using the term liberal democracy indicates a specific reference to a political system that promotes participation, competition, and liberty. ideology of liberalism - emphasizes individual rights and freedoms however some liberal democracies have social democratic regimes (welfare) liberal democratic institutions came from ancient Greece and Rome Greece is important because they founded concept of public participation & also gives idea of popular sovereignty Roman Empire -republicanism which empathized separation of powers within a state & the representation of the public through elected officials- legislative body these systems both fell but 13th C England soon arose with a Magna Carta which emphasized liberty - no one was above the law their lack of a strong state allowed the idea of individual freedom which facilitated liberalism Direct Democracy - public participates directly in gov. and policy making; historical fun in small communities like ancient Athens Indirect Democracy -public participates indirectly through its elected representatives; the prevalent form of democracy in the modern age 1 Sunday, February 14, 2016 theories emergence of democracy many argue a correlation between democratization and modernization central to this theory is the idea that the middle class is essential this theory was later proven (in 1970s) to be false others think it lies in the role of those in power additionally, overall poverty constitutes a problem to democracy - people who have little, have little to fight for another view emphasizes the importance of the political power of society itself importance of civil society - organized life outside the state (Tocqueville called the “art of association”) - created by people to help define their own interests (not always political) in short, where cicivil society has been able to take root, democratization is more likely international community plays a role in providing foreign investment, globalization, and trade which ultimately push democratization forward. International pressure also causes elites to favor democracy. civil society is also strengthened by shared ideas across borders, political culture - argument that the differences in social institutions are shaping the landscape of political activity. it also influences the preference for certain kinds of policies as well as the particular relationship between freedom and equality. institutions of the democratic state executive branch - most prominent office in any country which carries out laws/policies of a state this actually divides into 2 roles - head of state - symbolizes/represents the people, articulating goals of the regimes, conducting foreign policy. AND head of government - everyday tasks of running state. legislature - the body in which national politics is considered and debated/ lawmaking bicameral - contains 2 houses (US) 2 Sunday, February 14, 2016 upper chamber was retained as check over the lower house, upper house also usually serves longer terms unicameral - one house - most likely in smaller countries in liberal democracies, constitutional power is central to maintaining what we refer to as the rule of law - sovereignty of law over the people and elected officials most have some form of constitutional court - charges w/ ensuring that legislation is compatible with the constitution as constitutions define more rights - higher need for judiciaries to rule on them Judicial review can take different form concrete review - courts can consider the constitutionality of legislation when a specific court cases triggers this question abstract review - a constitutional court may rule on legislation without a specific court case parliamentary systems - compromise 2 things: prime ministers and their cabinets come from legislature and the legislature is the instrument that elects/removes the prime minister from office - divided head of state and gov. majority of power in head of gov. their is a tight relationship between executive and legislature so they don’t really check and balance each other’s power like presidential systems. vote of no confidence - parliaments can dismiss a prime minister at any time but it will bring down the gov. legislature and judiciaries take backseat to prime minister presidential system- president elected directly by public for fixed term and has control over the cabinet and legislative process - head of gov and state are fused to president. main diff: president and legislature serves for fixed terms separation of powers - checks and balances - divided gov. semi-presidential system- hybrid between the two and has become more widespread. tends to reflect the old distinction between “reign” and “rule” that existed under monarchies. place most of the power in the hands of the president while the prime minister plays a supporting role (France) . directly elected president and indirectly elected PM share power. president manages foreign policy and sets policy and PM executes it. 3 Sunday, February 14, 2016 parliamentary benefits: PM has confidence that he/she can get legislation passes. PM may also be more easily removed by legislature through vote of no confidence drawbacks: public doesn’t directly select PM and may feel that it has less control over the executive and the passing of legislation. presidential benefits: president is directly elected and can draw on national mandate to create and enact legislation drawbacks: president and legislature may be controlled by diff parties, leading to divided gov. office does not allow for power sharing, and president may not be easily removed from office except through elections. semi-presidential benefits: directly elected president and indirectly elected PM share power and responsibilities, creating both a public mandate and an indirectly elected office that may be supported by a coalition of parties drawbacks: conflict possible between PM and president over powers political parties are inevitable competition — political parties encourage democratic competition by gathering diverse groups under an ideological mandate while simultaneously preventing domination by any one group. the separation of powers between different branches of gov. prevents abuses of power by any one branch. participation - one of basic ways public participates in politics is through voting and elections. voters may also participate in political decision making through referenda and initiatives. all democracies divide their populations geographically into a # of electoral district or constituencies - each a geographic area that an elected official represents SMD - made up of plurality and majority systems, the candidate who reeves the most voted wins the seat 4 Sunday, February 14, 2016 PR- voters cast ballots for a part not a candidate and the percentage of votes a party reeves in a district determines how many of that district’s seats the party will gain mixed electoral system - combines the two since they both have their advantages/ disadvantages referendum - giving public the option of voting directly on particular policy issues initiative - citizens may collect signatures to put a question to a national vote civil rights refers to the promotion of equality whereas civil liberties refer to the promotion of freedom 5


Buy Material

Are you sure you want to buy this material for

25 Karma

Buy Material

BOOM! Enjoy Your Free Notes!

We've added these Notes to your profile, click here to view them now.


You're already Subscribed!

Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'

Why people love StudySoup

Jim McGreen Ohio University

"Knowing I can count on the Elite Notetaker in my class allows me to focus on what the professor is saying instead of just scribbling notes the whole time and falling behind."

Jennifer McGill UCSF Med School

"Selling my MCAT study guides and notes has been a great source of side revenue while I'm in school. Some months I'm making over $500! Plus, it makes me happy knowing that I'm helping future med students with their MCAT."

Steve Martinelli UC Los Angeles

"There's no way I would have passed my Organic Chemistry class this semester without the notes and study guides I got from StudySoup."

Parker Thompson 500 Startups

"It's a great way for students to improve their educational experience and it seemed like a product that everybody wants, so all the people participating are winning."

Become an Elite Notetaker and start selling your notes online!

Refund Policy


All subscriptions to StudySoup are paid in full at the time of subscribing. To change your credit card information or to cancel your subscription, go to "Edit Settings". All credit card information will be available there. If you should decide to cancel your subscription, it will continue to be valid until the next payment period, as all payments for the current period were made in advance. For special circumstances, please email


StudySoup has more than 1 million course-specific study resources to help students study smarter. If you’re having trouble finding what you’re looking for, our customer support team can help you find what you need! Feel free to contact them here:

Recurring Subscriptions: If you have canceled your recurring subscription on the day of renewal and have not downloaded any documents, you may request a refund by submitting an email to

Satisfaction Guarantee: If you’re not satisfied with your subscription, you can contact us for further help. Contact must be made within 3 business days of your subscription purchase and your refund request will be subject for review.

Please Note: Refunds can never be provided more than 30 days after the initial purchase date regardless of your activity on the site.