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SOCI1160 Study Guide Part 2

by: Regina George

SOCI1160 Study Guide Part 2 SOCI 1160 030

Marketplace > Georgia State University > Sociology > SOCI 1160 030 > SOCI1160 Study Guide Part 2
Regina George
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About this Document

Part 2 of exam
Introduction to Social Problems
Dr. Emilie Khair
Class Notes
sociology, soci, SOCI1160, exam, Functionalism, Conflict Theory, Theory, Symbolic Interactionism, aging, crime, violence, porn, Criminal Justice
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This 10 page Class Notes was uploaded by Regina George on Monday February 15, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to SOCI 1160 030 at Georgia State University taught by Dr. Emilie Khair in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 112 views. For similar materials see Introduction to Social Problems in Sociology at Georgia State University.

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Date Created: 02/15/16
Abortion rates US abortion rates have been declining, compared to other developed countries, we are one of the higher. Undeveloped countries tend to be much higher Addiction physiological dependence (the need to feel the effect of well-being) AD(H)D A psychological disorder marked by the appearance by age 7 of one or more of three key symptoms: extreme inattention, hyperactivity, and impulsivity. Ageism prejudice or discrimination on the basis of a person's age Aging-Functions/Dysfunctions 65 leave the workforce, for younger people to come through Anomie a condition in which society provides little moral guidance to individuals, actions that do not match the social norm (Emile Durkheim) CPP (child pornography protection act) - makes it Ashcroft vs. Free Speech a crime to possess or distribute pictures of or "appearing to be" minors in sexual poses. Auguste Comte French philosopher remembered as the founder of positivism. Saw human history as 3 stages: theological, metaphysical and scientific. Founded sociology Biological Explanations Explanations of dysfunctional behaviour Capital Punishment death penalty Censorship restriction on access to ideas and information Centenarians people who have reached the age of 100 years or older Cesare Lombroso "Father of Criminology" Criminal atavism: criminals literally and physically look and are built a certain way Early Sociologist. Created The looking-glass self. Our Charles Horton Cooley self image reflects how others respond to us. We only develop a self-concept by interacting with others. Common Sense vs. Sociological Common sense are the ideas common toget through daily life. are built on faulty assumptions.That is why sociologists uses Research objective research toeliminate the inadequacy of common sense ideas. Conflict Theory-and Aging ... Correlation vs. Causation a phrase used in science and statistics to emphasize that a correlation between two variables does not necessarily imply that one causes the other. C. Wright Mills Described the importance of the sociological imagination when viewing the world, especially for people with power. Decriminalization/Legalization ... Dependence and Abuse ... Dependency Ratio The number of people under the age of 15 and over age 64 (non-working), compared to the number of people active in the labor force. Desensitization the tendency over time to show weaker emotional responses to emotional stimuli Deterrence the use of punishment as a threat to deter people from causing crime, people are scared to commit crimes because of punishment through interaction with others, individuals learn the values, attitudes, Differential Association techniques, and motives for criminal behavior -Edwin Sutherland -explains how they become criminals, but not why Drug ... Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental DSM-V Disorders, Fifth Edition: A reference for coding psychiatric disorders or conditions. Edwin Sutherland white collar crime and differential association Elder abuse the physical or psychological mistreatment or neglect of elderly individuals worried that, in an increasingly fragmented modern world, individuals Emile Durkheim would feel less and less connected to groups, which would lead to anomie, or formlessness. Believed in functionalism and the scientific method; saw society as a set of independent parts that maintain a system but each separate part has a function The Ford Pinto sued the car rather than the offender of the accident, because the fuel tank burst into flames. example of corporate crime. Four basic types of research designs Case Studies - (micro) Interviews, structured and unstructured (Surveys, Case Studies, Experiments, and Experiments - (Milgram and Zimbardo) Field Research - Observation, overt and covert Field Research) Furman vs. Georgia more consistency in the death penalty, not very successful though, also invalidated the death penalty for rape cases George Herbert Mead social behaviorism Georg Simmel Believes that the Individual stands at the intersection point of overlapping social circles, and societies are built upon these social circle Gerontology study of the aging process An organization founded by Maggie Gray Panther Kuhn to fight against ageism and the rights of the elderly Harry Anslinger first commissioner who lobbied for harsh penalties on drug use and also major proponent to illegalize marijuana Howard Becker Functionalist; focused on labeling. He said "labeling someone an outsider is a way of affirming one's is an insider. Responsible for the labeling theory. Incapacitation preventing a person from committing more crimes by removing them from society (prison). pretty terrible system. Juvenile Delinquency for the youth, another terrible system 19th century philosopher, political economist, sociologist, Karl Marx humanist, political theorist, and revolutionary.Often recognized as the father of communism.Analysis of history led tohis belief that communism would replace capitalism as it replaced feudalism.Believed in a classless society. Labeling the idea that deviance and conformity result not so much from what people do as from how others respond to those actions Labeling Theory people, especially the youth, are more likely to respond to the labels they are given. People's behaviors tend to be influenced or determined by how people classify or describe them. Larry Mahoney ... Legalization of Prostitution Pros: Cons: A strand of feminism that emphasizes gender equality and views Liberal Feminism the "essential" differences in men's and women's abilities or perspectives as trivial or nonexistent.Hypothesizes that women would behave similar tomen in positions of power. Looking Glass Self the idea that a person's sense of self develops from interpersonal interactions with others in society and the perceptions of others. according tothis idea, people shape their self-concepts based on their understanding of how others perceive them Manifest: An action that is intended to help some part of Manifest/Latent Functions the system; Latent: Consequences that help some part of the social system but were not intended for that purpose Marijuana Tax Act of 1937 did not criminalize marijuana or its preparations but taxed the grower, distributor, seller, and buye Medicalization of Problems ... A program added to the Social Security system in 1965 Medicare that provides hospitalization insurance for the elderly and permits older Americans to purchase inexpensive coverage for doctor fees and other health expenses. Meese Commission Findings "you imitate what you see" A version of market-oriented development theory that argues Modernization Theory that low-income societies develop economically only if they give up their traditional ways and adopt modern economic institutions, technologies, and cultural values that emphasize savings and productive investment. Moral Entrepreneur a person who creates moral rules, which thus reflect the values of those in power, rather than any objective, universal standards of right and wrong Objective: An aspect of society that can be measured or experienced, i.e. whether Objective/Subjective Concerns Subjective: Concerns of a significant number of people, or a number of significant people, i.e. distress over the birth of an unwanted child or distress over the termination of an unborn child's life, existence of global warming, the attitudes regarding the status of women. Patriarchy A form of social organization in which males dominate females, AKA AMERICA Patriotic Prostitution when people go to other countries to engage in child sex, prostitution, a lot of different countries encourage young women to do sex work An aspect of society that can be measured or Personal vs. Social Problems experienced, i.e. whether abortion is legal, markers of climate change, or rates of sexual assault Stanford Prison Experiment: used college students to Phillip Zimbardo find the effects of being in prison. resulted in mental and physical torture and abuse, which Zimbardo allowed to happen. interesting study but crappy scientist. Plea Bargaining the defendant agrees to plea guilty in order for a lesser penalty decisions police officers make on their own Police Discretion judgement: whether to pull the gun, shoot, issue a ticket, perform a search, etc. ANOTHER TERRIBLE SYSTEM. Pornography Photographs, videos, websites, and magazines that display sexual poses, acts, and body parts for the purpose of arousing lust Poverty rates for the elderly ... Pro-Drug Society Example: USA Prohibition the period from 1920 to 1933 when the sale of alcoholic beverages was prohibited in the United States by a constitutional amendment Prostitution Engaging in sexual activity as a business or loitering in such an area Psychological Dependence a condition in which a person believes that a drug is needed in order to feel good or to function normally Form of feminist theory that believes that gender Radical Feminism inequality is the result of male domination in all aspects of social and economic life. Rationality more based on individualism, criminals offend the law in order to satisfy their needs Recidivism Rates measures relapse in criminal behavior, more than half of the previous criminals return to jail Rehabilitation education and improvement over punishment and dismissal from society Robert Merton self fulfilling prophecy idea the U.S. supreme Court ruled that there is a fundamental Roe vs. Wade right ro privacy, which includes a woman's decision to have an abortion. Up until the third trimester the state allows abortion. Roth vs. U.S. obscenity is not protected by the first amendment Safety Valve Theory claims that exposure to sexually explicit material will satisfy whatever urges might cause a person to commit a sex crime "Saints and the Roughnecks" saints and roughnecks were involved in similar levels of crime, the saints were able toget out of the situation and get let off with warnings because they had connections, money, and a good status. Sarbanes-Oxley Act gives more rules and regulations to private companies, management, and public accounting firms. made in order to avoid scandals and make them comply with the law. kind of like the labeling theory. The more often people Self-fulfilling Prophecy tell you something, the more likely you are to become that. However this is more positive. People that receive positive attention are more likely to become successful. Sex Tourism travel, usually organized through the tourism sector, to facilitate commercial sexual relations between tourists and local residents Social Construction of Reality the learning of gender roles through socialization and interaction with others Social Location and Prediction of ... Attitudes Toward Legalizing Prostitution Social Location (Can we predict people's ... attitudes toward abortion?) that is generally recognized as a condition or behavior that needs to be addressedle and Social Problem (Four stages) 1st stage - defining the problem 2nd stage - crafting an official response 4th stage - developing alternative strategies Social Security (FDR) created in the 1930s, guaranteed retirement payments for enrolled workers beginning at age 65;set up federal-state system of unemployment insurance and care for dependent mothers and children, the handicapped, and public health Sociological Imagination C. Wright Mill's term for the ability to see the relationship between individual experiences and the larger society Sociologists and Morality (Can we ... be objective?) these only apply to certain people. for example: running Status Crimes away from home, skipping school, violating curfew, underage drug use are only crimes if you are a certain age Strain theory social structures may pressure citizens to commit crime (Emile Durkheim) a theoretical perspective in which society is viewed as Symbolic Interactionism and Aging composed of symbols that people use to establish meaning, develop their views of the world, and communicate with one another Reform movement begun in the 1800's that fought Temperance Movement to ban alcohol in the U.S. This movement led to the passage of the 18th Amendment in 1920. (Prohibition Era) The Tiwi buried their moms alive, so they weren't technically murdering them, implications: we basically do that too (in general) Trigger Theory Policies in effect at the time of initial exposure, during continuous exposure, and at the time the injury or damage becomes evident or is diagnosed Uniform Sentencing doesn't really exist if we're being honest Universal Nature of Crime no society exists without crime Victimless Crimes Criminal acts in which no other party is immediately involved, such as possession of illegal drugs Vincent Yano emerged as a leader of roe v wade Violence Rates been decreasing since the nineties White collar crime rich people crime, we are much less likely to hear about this in the news. committed by respectable people in their own occupation William Chambliss Saints and Roughnecks experiment


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