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HIST150 The Medieval Ages

by: Sarah Foster

HIST150 The Medieval Ages History 150

Marketplace > Ball State University > History > History 150 > HIST150 The Medieval Ages
Sarah Foster
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About this Document

These notes cover The Medieval Ages, which was covered during the Winter 2016 school year at Ball State University
The West in the World
Dr. Malone
Class Notes
The Three Orders, Vassalage, The Warriors Elite, Serfs, Colleges, christianity, Gothic Architecture
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Sarah Foster on Monday February 15, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to History 150 at Ball State University taught by Dr. Malone in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 22 views. For similar materials see The West in the World in History at Ball State University.


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Date Created: 02/15/16
Medieval Society: Western Europe in the High Middle Ages The Middle Ages (6 -14 centuries) th • Focus on High Middle Ages (11 -14 centuries) • Possession of private armies give them power The Three Orders • The medieval conception of society • Knight – those who fight • Monk – those who pray • Peasant – those who work Those Who Fight: Vassalage • A ceremony in which a knight pledged his personal loyalty and a military service to a nobleman • The knight became a basal and the nobleman became his lord • In return, the lord gave the vassal a FIEF • Fief=land containing a manor or manors with serfs (unfree peasants) The Warrior Ethos • Warfare btw armies, bringing social chaos • Truce of God – placed a ban on warfare from mid -afternoon on Saturday until daybreak on Monday • The ban was later extended to Wed evening through Monday morning as well as the seasons of the Advent and Lent Those Who Work • Unfree peasants- serfs • Serfdom declined in the 13tcentury • Manors th o Manor—size—example of Elton in England (late 13 c); features of a manor o Elton 1900s acres 500= -600 people • Conditions of serfdom o Serfs were bound to the land; they could o Marriage: although free to marry, a serf not leave the land w/o the Lord’s consent couldn’t marry a person outside the o Serfs were under the jurisdiction of the manor w/o the Lord’ s permission Lord’s court – the manorial court o The serf owned the Lord LABOR – 117 o Selections from the records of a 13thC days a year on Elton monorail courts in England o The serf owed the Lord feudal dues – for § The theme was ploughing (not the use of the Lord’s mill or oven, he doing their job) would have to give a portion of the grain or bread to the Lord o The serf received protection from the Lord and a plot of land to work fo r his family’s sustenance Work and food for serfs • The Harvest: the only event where men and women worked together • Men – working for Lord, ploughing for their own land • Women – around the home, tending to the animals, tending to vegetables/gardens, spinning wheels , child care English serfs diet • Bread, • Peas • Oatmeal • Leek • Ale (~3 gallons for monks) • Pork • Cheese • Mutton • Eggs The Medieval University and University Life Colleges st • 1 university established in Bologna, Italy (1158) • University of Paris (1200) mid - 13 – 7000 • Oxford (1208) ~2000 • Cambridge (1209) • By the end of the Middle Ages, there were 80 universities in Europe Who went? • Men (typically middle child because oldest got the land) • Need the ability to read and write Latin (universal language) to attend How to select • Choose your master – shop around • The curriculum – the seven liberal arts o Grammar o Rhetoric o Logic o Mathematics o Geometry o Astronomy o Music How did you get instructed? • Lecture (Latin verb meaning “to read”) • Professor read entire text w/commentary • Took a scribe 2.5 months to copy a text of 200 pages Books • Chained up books because they were valuable • 1602, a declaration was made Exams and Degrees • After 4 years of study a student took a comprehensive oral exam; if they passed they were awarded a Bachelor of Arts degree (BA) • After 2 years additional years of study a student took a further comprehensive oral exam; if passed, awarded a MA • Students could earn doctorates in l aw, medicine, and theology. This would entail 10 + additional study • >50% graduated Career options for graduates • Teaching (most did not opt for this career path) (Test question) • Work as a lawyer or doctor • Clerk, administrator, or advisor in the bureaucracies set up by Princes, Kings, or Popes. Outside the Classroom • Lived independently, rented out rooms, or residence halls • Rules for Robert dthSorbon’s: o U.P late 13 century o No grey fur, green or red silk on garment o No women o No books unless pledged o No talking loud Commentary on student behavior Bad Student • They defraud their masters of their due salaries, although they are able to pay… ( Test Question) • The expense money which they have from their parents or churches they spend in taveconviviality, games, and other superfluities, and so they return home empty, without knowledge or concise, or money… • They are disobedient to the masters and rectors of the universities and sometimes transgress the statutes which they have sworn to observe. And sometimes they contend against and resist the officials, for which they should be subjected to blows of rods, a method of coercion admissible against clerics by masters of liberal arts and by their parents… • On feast days they don’t go to church to hea r divine service and sermons and above all the full mass which all Christians are supposed to attend but gad about town with their follows or attend lectures or write up their notes at home. Or, if they go to church, it is not for worship but to see the gi rls or swap stories. • They frequently learn what they would better ignore, … Such things as forbidden sciences, anatomy discourses, and superstitions • They have among themselves evil and disgraceful societies, associating together for I'll. And whiresidence they sometimes are guilty of vices, against which their masters ought to provide and take action so far as they can… Important Christian Activities during the High Middle Ages • Pilgrimage – journey to a place, (shrine, church, monastery, or cathedral) that contained relics • Relics – the remains or personal effects of a saint • Believed the holiness of a saint was present in the relic and Christian believed relics contained powers • Getting to Jerusalem was #1 choice, followed by Rome • Canterbury Pilgrimage and commercialism • Draw people to your destination • Displays gifts that were left • You could have a map or guide – like tourism • Pilgrim badges • Started selling relics as souvenirs Gothic Cathedrals • Tremendous period of building gothic cathedrals in France • Hosts of artisans: o Stone cutter, glass makers, roofers • Chartres Cathedral, built between c. 1145 and 1260 Chartres: Elements of Gothic architecture flying buttress – pointed arches Interior – pointed arch, tall ceilings, ribbed groin vaulting, stained glass windows Crusading Movement (1096 – 1099) • 1095 – Pope Urban II made a speech in Clermont, France • Told the people Turks invaded Christian land, captured and killed Christians, invaded churches • Offered remission of sins if they die in Crusade (motive for participation) o Adventure o Fame, glory, riches o Gain a fief o Religious reasons • 1099 – capture of Jerusalem (temporary) o Last Crusade: 1270


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