PSYC 3707 Chapter 2 Notes
PSYC 3707 Chapter 2 Notes PSYC 3707
Popular in Psychology of Intimate Relationships
Popular in Psychlogy
PSYC 1560 - 07
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Cameron Cooke-Murphy on Monday February 15, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PSYC 3707 at Youngstown State University taught by Dr. Sethi in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 14 views. For similar materials see Psychology of Intimate Relationships in Psychlogy at Youngstown State University.
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Date Created: 02/15/16
Chapter 2 Notes Important Distinctions Sex: biological Gender: social Gender Identity: internal Gender Role: what your gender requires Transgendered: sex and identity oppose Transsexual: change of sex Expectations From birth, we’re expected to act like our gender Society teaches via: parents (role models), media, and school (peers) Theories of Gender Role and Identity Social Learning Theory (chapter 1) Cognitive Development Theory o Gender concepts change as brain and thinking mature 3yrs5yrs: gender constancy 5yrs6yrs: views of gender roles oversimplified and stereotypic Gender Schema Theory o How do our mental concepts affect how we act and think about others? Social Structural/Cultural Theories o How does a society decide how men and women should act? Evolutionary Theory o Survival of the fittest Biological Theory o Are there differences in the brains of men and women? Gender Roles in the Family Gender beliefs determine family roles Gender roles can be created by each family through negotiation Ethnic Variations in Gender Roles Most research is done with middle class White females Latinos and African Americans don’t fit common female stereotypes Less ethnic differences among males Marriage and Depression Women are more likely to: o Seek help o More expressive o More emotional Men are more likely to: o Bottle up o Self medicate o Stoic Adrogyny Gradual mixing of gender roles that combines masculinity and femininity vs. Traditional o Better social relationships o Better adjusted o Lower psychological distress o Higher self esteem
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