Religion Reading for test two Week 5
Religion Reading for test two Week 5 Rel 1350-15
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Brianna Carmony on Monday February 15, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Rel 1350-15 at Baylor University taught by Bennesh in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 28 views. For similar materials see Christian Heritage in Religious Studies at Baylor University.
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Date Created: 02/15/16
Friday, May 20, y Religion Test 2 The Age of Faith • the middle ages sometimes called the “dark ages”characterised by the crusades,the Inquisition, and general intolerance Protestant myths • glossolalia (speaking in tongues) Germans • major achievement of Christians as a group was the conversion of the northern barbarians • germans personalized loyalty to a successful war chief; instead of taxes the leader paid from his own estate or war booties Theology • the challenges were dealt with in two ways: formal (usually written) and informal or folk theology Salvation • salvation ws by grace through the death and resurrection of christ. but the individual had to do good works and pray, the individual had to be baptized • people came up with purgatory learn to be pure before facing god • Sacraments were baptism, confirmation, penance, communion, marriage, ordination, and extreme unction or last rites —John of Demascus raised by arab christian, muslim education;writings were more encyclopedic; known for his defense of icons —Eastern Orthodoxy holy virgin church of the russian nation in exile; —Begin with the patriarchs 1 Friday, May 20, y “orthodoxy” is correct teaching; bishop was head of church; to answer all questions it goes back to the start which is the council at Jerusalem in Acts 15; sacraments were important and early saints(know the history); John Chrysostom (greatest of all preachers “goldenmouthed”); patriarch:the bishop of Rome; —Byzantium meant to be “New Rome” unsustained by the pagan associations (city of constantine or constantinople); church and state were together —The church of the seven councils international meetings of bishops; formulated the doctrine of the Trinity and expelled Arians as heretics; those who attacked the religious use of icons or images, were called iconoclasts; those who defended the icons were iconodules; —The break with the West west was latin and bishop of rome, east was greek and pope; —Under Turkish Rule Turks were muslims which took over byzantine empire, saw jews and christians as “people of the book”, they believed abraham; —Not Just a Greek church —Conversion of the Slavs Cyril and Methodius were to spread christianity,they developed Slavis alphabet —Russia Vladamir set christianity as the main religion —Christians in the NonChristian World to 1500 christianity thrived mainly in Middle East, North Africa, and Asia —Persia the magi, or wise men are thought to be Persian; —Arabia Arabs trace their ancestry to Abraham; because of the nomadic nature, christianity never achieved a solid foothold —India “The Acts of St. Thomas”; —Armenia 2 Friday, May 20, y Gregory, an armenian aristrocrat embraced christianity, converted the king and several nobels —Churches of North Africa home of many christian thinkers and church leaders; —Egypt monasticism was invented and spread through Roman Empire; “monophysites” said Jesus was mostly God and less than fully human —Carthage those who denied their faith to avoid persecution, some confession and repentance, others apostates be rebaptized —Ethiopia syrian monks came to evangelize and translate the bible into the local language —Muslim Conquest Muhammad started having visions at 40, new religion to his fellow Arabs;one god, Allahrecognized the law of Moses, Davids psalms, and the gospels —Egypt Christians declines when the government said converts to Islam didn't have to pay poll tax; —Nestorians persian christians that were known as heretics; baptism was for people to lead a life of celibacy —China confuscianism is dominant holding all together; buddhism met many of the needs christianity might have addressed —The Catholic church in the east Franciscans and the Dominicans was to reform European monasticism, their members were friars 3
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