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History 101B

by: Tatyana Mims

History 101B

Tatyana Mims
GPA 3.0

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I am not for sure if I uploaded these notes or not but here you go!
History of World Civ II
Class Notes
Weisen, History 101B
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Tatyana Mims on Monday February 15, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to at Southern Illinois University Carbondale taught by Wiesen in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 37 views. For similar materials see History of World Civ II in History at Southern Illinois University Carbondale.


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Date Created: 02/15/16
East Asia in the Early Modern World I. Asian Sea Trading Network II. Chinese Civilization III. Ming Dynasty (1368-1644) IV. Qing Dynasty (1644-1911) V. Confucianism VI. Japan and the Tokugawa Shogunate (1603-1868) VII. Europeans and Japan Manila GalleonTrade Zheng He Expeditions, 1405-1423 The Great Wall Mandarins Scholar-Gentry Matteo Ricci Tokugawa Shoguns Samurai Asian Sea Trading Network  Europeans would trade with India and China  Zheng He Expedition o Tall powerfully built Muslim captured as a kid by Chinese o Rose up thru ranks and built the largest wooden ships o Led 7 oversea trade expeditions (India, Africa) o Brought back amazing things  Africa (giraffe) o Why did he stop?  Because Columbus was better because he went farther?  Simply the Chinese abandoned the expeditions?  Chinese had nothing to gain? Chinese Civilization  Chinese has had the longest lasting civilization in history  Isolation- no Mediterranean Sea, which linked together so many regions  1500 mile protective wall- Great Wall- Northwest- ten feet high/watchtowers (slide)- 2000 years old  Earth’s most populous state- immense population let empire continue  Vast internal resources and advanced technology  Well organized bureaucracy and great military  Single written language- going back 3000 years  Many spoken dialects but all understand written Ming Dynasty  Hung Gu (1368)  Mandarins- imperial officials to make sure people know the official policy  Scholars Gentry o Intellectuals; have the most social power o Worked at imperial academy o Revive ancient Chinese o Had to take exams o 2000 years old  Took advantage of Columbian exchange  Portuguese arrived in 1514 o Had to pay rent  Matteo Riccic o Missionary o Adam Schall- a German Jesult dressed as a mandarin  Court astronomer for the Chinese emperor in Beijing o Willing to share books on technology  Weakened by port corruption Qing dynasty  Led by small minority  Over power the capital  Follows the Ming Dynasty on building up  Law, math, politics  Shogun o Military leaders and governors o Under leadership of emperor o Exercising control  Samurai o Lost military function o Military/government o Loosely like the concept of chivalry General Conclusion  1800-Europeans made limited influences  New trade route linked all parts of globe  Europeans participated sea control networks  more Islamic Empires I. Introduction to Islam II. Three Empires a. Safavid Empire (Iran/Afgh.) b. Mughal Empire (India/Afgh/Pakistan) c. Ottoman Empire (Turkey, Middle East, N. Africa) III. Encounters with Coffee IV. Culture, Economy, and Religion V. Decline Islam  Founded by prophet Mohammad  Meaning surrender to the will of God o Salam- peace  Some Christians speak Arabic  Muslims- followers of Islam o Allah is viewed as god o Coron- secrete text Three Empire  All great military and political powers  Build through military conquest with fire arm  Columbian exchange comes to these empires o slavery comes in  Graph order: Ottoman, Safavid, Mughal  Ruled by monarch o Safavid Empire  Originally began as Safavid Muslim groups of mystic and spiritual creatures  Peaked under Abbas the Great  Sha- ruler or king  Personal body guard of about 3000 people  Brought turkish warrior under control  Recruited slaves  1500 men armed with muskets  Posts in Europe o Mughal  Ruled by Akbar (Muslim)- (1556-1605)  Control what is much of modern day India  Ruled over mostly non-Muslim people  Turkish invaders  Seeking gold and silver  Crushed the Hindus o Ottoman  Suleyman (1520-1566)  Stretch from Africa to today’s Russia  Saltin - ruler  Had fierce entry divisions o Janissaries- Christian youth captured in Europe taken into Muslim households  Seized Constantinople (Istanbul)  Hagia Sophia Churchin Istanbul  So big that westerns looked on the empire  A lot of visitors Encounters with Coffee  Katip Celebi o Most famous historian geographer author in Ottoman Turkey in 1770 o Spread like tobacco in the World  Came in 1543  1633- coffee houses were destructed but soon came back Culture, Economy, and Religion  Cultural Renaissance o Poetry, architecture Ottoman Empire o Workshop in silk textiles  Christian Ottomans  Iran Jews  Lived side by side with Jews and Christians Decline  Too big- resources and transport system not good enough, relative technological backwardness  Thrived on conquest, and decline began when they stopped seizing territory  Portuguese and European followers arrived in Indian Ocean. Empires lost revenue  Inability to achieve Western style centralized political integration  Lack of nationalism


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