Families and Social Change, Week 4 notes
Families and Social Change, Week 4 notes Soc 354
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Clarissa Hinshaw on Monday February 15, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Soc 354 at Northern Illinois University taught by Jan Reynolds in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 36 views. For similar materials see Families and Social Change in Sociology at Northern Illinois University.
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Date Created: 02/15/16
Chapter 3 Race, Ethnicity, and Immigration Race: a group of people who are assumed to be from the same country, due to looking similar. Examples: white, black, Hispanic, Asian, Native American. Ethnicity: a group of people who share cultural practices. Examples: Indian, Filipino, Guatemalan. Racial Ethnicity: a group of people expected to look alike. Examples: perceiving African Americans as black or European Americans as white. Endogamy: marrying someone of the same race Exogamy: interracial marriage Race is selfidentified. For example: if a physically white person grows up in a Hispanic house/culture, they may define themselves as Hispanic. Minority Group: a group not considered the majority in a particular country or culture. Examples: black, Hispanic, Asian, Native American, and mixedrace groups. Although the US is still primarily white, all minority groups have grown, especially the Hispanic group. Native American: 1 million in US, over 350 tribes o Contains only 2% of the US population. o Noncompetitive, valued working together over competition in early days. o Gender crossing was recognized and so was a third gender. o Many tribes engaged in polygamous relationships. African American o Men and women worked for pay, often in the slave market. o Very adaptive, often matriarchal families o Marriages were information, many became widowed before age 50. o Many left the South after 1950, but were still residentially segregated. o Blocked access to goodpaying jobs o Most TV shows featuring black people are of wealthy families, even though their poverty rate is higher than any other race. o Families with no college degree and living in old industrial cities were most affected by the decline in blue collar jobs. o Black people today are less likely to marry, more likely to be single parents, and more likely to become incarcerated than people of any other race. o Black women are the least likely to marry someone outside their race. o Extended households are most common among black families. Hispanics o Largest minority group in US (over 50 million). o Most common groups are Mexican, Puerto Rican, and Cuban o Over ¾ speak Spanish in their own community o Some were here on our land before it became US territory, other immigrated. o Mexicans and Cubans are likely to have married parents, while Puerto Ricans are more likely to have single parents. o Language and religion vary among Hispanic groups. o Familism: like collectivism, putting the family’s needs before your own. Often practiced in Hispanic families. Asians: o 6% of the population o Most from China, the Philippines, and India o Most are immigrants and speak their native language at home. o Value respect for elders and education. o More likely to live in multigenerational households than the general population. o Some Asians are well educated and wealthy, while others are poor. This is why many refugees have been trying to immigrate to the US for a better future. Immigration o Can improve lives of people, but comes with challenges. o 13% of US citizens were born in another country o If parents are included, the number is about ¼ o Immigration has increased in the last 50 years, as laws have changed to allow more immigrants. o Acculturation: immigrants adapting to a new language and culture. o Assimilation: how well immigrants fit into mainstream society o Generations of immigrants .5 Generation: Those who immigrate after retirement. Find fitting in challenging and often rely on their children. 1 generation: Those who immigrate as adults during their career. st 1.5 generation: children of the 1 generation immigrants who immigrate at the same time. 2 generation: children of 1 generation after the immigration, born into mainstream culture. rd st 3 generation: grandchildren of 1 generation, often embrace both native and American culture. o Intermarriage: Marrying outside one’s race. was banned until the 1960s. increasing today, as it is more socially acceptable Social distance: attitudes toward people of other racial groups.