MGT7019-8, ETHICS, WEEK 4
MGT7019-8, ETHICS, WEEK 4 MGT7019-8
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This 6 page Class Notes was uploaded by JC11 on Saturday April 9, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to MGT7019-8 at Northcentral University taught by in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 20 views. For similar materials see ETHICS in General at Northcentral University.
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Date Created: 04/09/16
NORTHCENTRAL UNIVERSITY ASSIGNMENT COVER SHEET Student: THIS FORM MUST BE COMPLETELY FILLED IN Follow these procedures: If requested by your instructor, please include an assignment cover sheet. This will become the first page of your assignment. In addition, your assignment header should include your last name, first initial, course code, dash, and assignment number. This should be left justified, with the page number right justified. For example: BTM701484 Save a copy of your assignments: You may need to resubmit an assignment at your instructor’s request. Make sure you save your files in accessible location. Academic integrity: All work submitted in each course must be your own original work. This includes all assignments, exams, term papers, and other projects required by your instructor. Knowingly submitting another person’s work as your own, without properly citing the source of the work, is considered plagiarism. This will result in an unsatisfactory grade for the work submitted or for the entire course. It may also result in academic dismissal from the University. BTM701484 Garrett Fox, PhD Statistics Assignment 4 Faculty Use Only your paper had many facts that were correct – you seem to understand what the Flynn Effect is and some surrounding facts – but you did not thoroughly address any of the questions. You state that you will answer a question about the cause of the Flynn Effect, but only gave two supporting sentences. Each paragraph should have a major theme which supports your thesis followed by supporting evidence. A strong introduction and conclusion would help this paper a lot as well. See my comments in the paper and reach out to me with any questions. CharpiaJBTM7300–1 2 Fox 80 9/22/15 3 Introduction The purpose of this week’s paper is to review and provide support and documentation for the Flynn Effec t. By understanding and utilizing statistics, we may get closer to understanding what influences are actual factors to the Flynn Effect. Within this paper, normal distribution, probability, and central limit theorem will be used to determine the valu e of the Flynn Effect. The show, Are You Smarter Than A 5 Grader, stands to prove a point. There are many adults that lose to a 5 grader. The reason why would appear to be exposure to the information and how recently the information was studied. The kids and adults are tested on information that was recently studied by the 5 grader. The adults on the show learned the same information, but around 20 to 30 years before. The adult’s IQ may seem low as they can’t answer as many of the questions, but this may not be an accurate assessment. So how does this concept integrate into the Flynn Effect? In the following pages, various examples will be discussed. First off,the question that I choose to answer is: Which explanation do you favor for the Flynn Effect: that people are getting smarter or that people are merely getting more practice at the skills measured on IQ tests? My belief to this question is that people are getting more practice at the skills measured on the IQ tests. Each year we are exposed to new things at a faster pace than ever. While the kids of the next generation aren’t necessarily smarter than we are, they certainly have had a greater exposure to the world via the Internet. This can explain how an 8 yearold knows how an IPhone works when we struggle to understand the word “ap”. Another use of the Flynn Effect is discussed by Trahan, Stuebing, Fletcher, and Hiscock (2014) as they talk about it is being utilized in capital punishment cases. They talk about how a threepoint difference could result in a criminal being put to death or serving out a lifetime 4 sentence in prison. The authors reference Flynn’s 1948 study that showed an increase in the median IQ score by .31 from years 1932 to 1978. This scenario utilizes the central limit theorem and normal distribution to determine a person’s intellect. By utilizing large populations of individuals to come up with a mean to be able to understand the value of the outlier. Personally, if I were stuck on death row, I would use this information to make my own life or death decision . the test based upon if I wanted to live or die. The concept certainly seems ridiculous but people are questioning the test itself not only for this reason but if it is bias to minorities. So, if the Supreme Court is determining that the questions are “too white”, what does this mean for the other 30% of Americans that are African American or Latino (Newsmachete, 2015)? Does this lessen the value of the IQ test when used to determine death versus a long term prison sentence? This is certainly something that needs to be looked at prior to making a determination. Another concept studied by Bakhiet, Barakat, and Lynn (2014) is a Colored Progressive Matrices (CPM) Test amongst deaf Saudi Arabian children aged 1012yearold. Within this study they were able to utilize means and standard deviations to show how there was very little difference between a typical Saudi Arabian child and a deaf child when they are taught the same material. It goes to show that the Flynn Effect can be used to prove that IQs are increasing but it isn’t able to prove what causes the increase. By studying children across the same geographic location, the probability increases that the children will have similar IQ scores. If we were to take a sample of children from the US or Sudan, the scores will most likely vary . Conclusion The purpose of this week’s paper was to review and provide support and documentation for the Flynn Effec . By understanding and utilizing statistics, we may get closer to understanding 5 what influences are actual factors to the Flynn Effect. Within this paper, normal distribution, probability, and central limit theorem were used to help understand the value of the Flynn Effect. 6 References Bakhiet, S. A., Barakat, S. R., & Lynn, R. (2014). A Flynn effect among deaf boys’ in Saudi Arabia. Intelligence, 447577. doi:10.1016/j.intell.2014.03.003 Newsmachete (2015). Do minorities disproportionately fail the death penalty IQ test because of test bias? Retrieved from: http://www.americanthinker.com/blog/2015/06/do_minorities_ disproportionately_fail_the_death_penalty_iq_test_because_of_test_bias .html#ixzz3m8j mKCGX Trahan, L. H., Stuebing, K. K., Fletcher, J. M., & Hiscock, M. (2014). The Flynn Effect: A MetaAnalysis. Psychological Bulletin, 140(5), 13321360. doi:10.1037/a0037173
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