Psychology of Sexuality, Week 4 notes
Psychology of Sexuality, Week 4 notes Psyc 474
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Clarissa Hinshaw on Monday February 15, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Psyc 474 at Northern Illinois University taught by Ellen Lee in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 16 views. For similar materials see Psychological Basis of Sexuality in Psychlogy at Northern Illinois University.
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Date Created: 02/15/16
Chapter 5 Sexual Arousal and Response The sense of sexual arousal o Vision: people tend to become turned on by seeing their lover nude, undressing, or in lingerie. The color red is also a popular source for sexual arousal. o Smell: Smells found arousing often depend on culture. People in the western part of the world want their lover to be clean and smell fresh. This is good news for perform companies in terms of profit. Whether body odor is considered offensive or a turn on depends more on culture than biology. Subtle scents can cause friends or cisgender women living together to have their menstrual cycles sync up at the same time. Heterosexual men found ciswoman odors more pleasant when in her ovulatory phase, and these women found men’s odors more pleasant during this time too. o Touch Most stimulating to sexual arousal Even touching the hand, cheek or shoulders of a lover can arouse them. Erogenous Zones: body parts which are easily sexually aroused. Primary Erogenous zones: genitalia, inner thighs, butt cheeks, anus, breasts, ears, mouth, lips, and tongue. Secondary Erogenous zones: body parts becoming aroused as a person becomes more sexually experienced. People can also become aroused by sexual images or fantasies. o Taste: some people find semen or vaginal fluid arousing o Hearing: certain sexual sounds can either be a turnon or turnoff. Aphrodisiacs: drugs or objects which are sexually arousing. Examples: Spanish flies or rhino horns. Anaphrodisiacs: drugs reducing sexual arousal. Examples: depressants, potassium nitrate, tranquilizers, and cigarettes. Psychoactive Drugs o Alcohol Small amounts can increase arousal, but large amounts decrease it Alcohol is a depressant, so it slows activity of the nervous system. Binge drinking can impair sexual performance. People often use alcohol as an excuse for poor sexual making (sleeping with a stranger, not using a condom). Alcohol is related more sexual risktaking, less likely to use contraception, and higher occurrences or sexual assault. Hallucinogenic: drugs such as marijuana. There is no evidence to suggest marijuana affecting sexual arousal. Stimulants: drugs such as meth. Elevate sexual arousal and pleasure. Many parts of the brain are involved in sexual response, especially the cerebral cortex. The limbic system is also involved. There are specific pleasure centers in the brain. Hormones play a great deal of sexual arousal, especially among teenagers. Women are more aroused during ovulation. Sexual response cycle o Excitement phase: the person slowly becomes aroused o Plateau phase: blood pressure increases, genitals become engorged, and body prepares for orgasm. o Orgasmic phase: a short phase of pleasurable contracting sensations from the genital area ‘coming’. o Resolution phase: the body returns to its nonaroused state. Kaplin’s model of sexual arousal includes desire, excitement, and orgasm. Some cisgender women experience multiple orgasms. They can have orgasms from their clitoris or vagina. Orgasms can sometimes increase the likelihood of conceiving.
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