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Christian Heritage week 5 reading notes

by: Brianna Carmony

Christian Heritage week 5 reading notes Rel 1350-15

Marketplace > Baylor University > Religious Studies > Rel 1350-15 > Christian Heritage week 5 reading notes
Brianna Carmony
Baylor University

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These notes cover the past week important readings for what will appear on the quizzes.
Christian Heritage
Class Notes
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Brianna Carmony on Monday February 15, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Rel 1350-15 at Baylor University taught by Bennesh in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 15 views. For similar materials see Christian Heritage in Religious Studies at Baylor University.

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Date Created: 02/15/16
Friday, May 20, y Religion Test 2 ­ The Age of Faith • the middle ages sometimes called the “dark ages”­characterised by the  crusades,the Inquisition, and general intolerance ­ Protestant myths • glossolalia (speaking in tongues) ­ Germans • major achievement of Christians as a group was the conversion of the northern  barbarians • germans personalized loyalty to a successful war chief; instead of taxes the leader  paid from his own estate or war booties ­ Theology • the challenges were dealt with in two ways: formal (usually written) and informal or  folk theology Salvation ­ • salvation ws by grace through the death and resurrection of christ. but the  individual had to do good works and pray, the individual had to be baptized  • people came up with purgatory­ learn to be pure before facing god  • Sacraments were baptism, confirmation, penance, communion, marriage, ordination,  and extreme unction or last rites  —John of Demascus ­raised by arab christian, muslim education;writings were more encyclopedic;  known for his defense of icons —Eastern Orthodoxy ­holy virgin church of the russian nation in exile; —Begin with the patriarchs 1 Friday, May 20, y ­“orthodoxy” is correct teaching; bishop was head of church; to answer all  questions it goes back to the start which is the council at Jerusalem in Acts 15;  sacraments were important and early saints(know the history); John Chrysostom  (greatest of all preachers “golden­mouthed”); patriarch:the bishop of Rome; —Byzantium ­meant to be “New Rome” unsustained by the pagan associations (city of  constantine or constantinople); church and state were together —The church of the seven councils ­international meetings of bishops; formulated the doctrine of the Trinity and  expelled Arians as heretics; those who attacked the religious use of icons or images,  were called iconoclasts; those who defended the icons were iconodules;  —The break with the West ­west was latin and bishop of rome, east was greek and pope;  —Under Turkish Rule ­Turks were muslims which took over byzantine empire, saw jews and christians  as “people of the book”, they believed abraham;  —Not Just a Greek church —Conversion of the Slavs ­Cyril and Methodius were to spread christianity,they developed Slavis alphabet  —Russia ­Vladamir set christianity as the main religion —Christians in the Non­Christian World to 1500 ­christianity thrived mainly in Middle East, North Africa, and Asia —Persia ­the magi, or wise men are thought to be Persian;  —Arabia ­Arabs trace their ancestry to Abraham; because of the nomadic nature,  christianity never achieved a solid foothold —India ­“The Acts of St. Thomas”;  —Armenia 2 Friday, May 20, y ­Gregory, an armenian aristrocrat embraced christianity, converted the king and  several nobels —Churches of North Africa ­home of many christian thinkers and church leaders; —Egypt ­ monasticism was invented and spread through Roman Empire;  “monophysites” said Jesus was mostly God and less than fully human —Carthage ­ those who denied their faith to avoid persecution, some confession  and repentance, others apostates be rebaptized —Ethiopia ­ syrian monks came to evangelize and translate the bible into the  local language —Muslim Conquest ­Muhammad started having visions at 40, new religion to his fellow Arabs;one  god, Allah­recognized the law of Moses, Davids psalms, and the gospels —Egypt ­Christians declines when the government said converts to Islam didn't have to  pay poll tax; —Nestorians ­persian christians that were known as heretics; baptism was for people to lead a life of celibacy —China ­ confuscianism is dominant holding all together; buddhism met many of  the needs christianity might have addressed —The Catholic church in the east­ Franciscans and the Dominicans was to  reform European monasticism, their members were friars 3


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