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by: JC11

MGT7019-8, ETHICS, WEEK 5 MGT7019-8

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This 8 page Class Notes was uploaded by JC11 on Saturday April 9, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to MGT7019-8 at Northcentral University taught by in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 37 views. For similar materials see ETHICS in General at Northcentral University.


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Date Created: 04/09/16
  NORTHCENTRAL UNIVERSITY ASSIGNMENT COVER SHEET Student:    THIS FORM MUST BE COMPLETELY FILLED IN Follow these procedures:  If requested by your instructor, please include an assignment cover  sheet. This will become the first page of your assignment. In addition, your assignment header  should include your last name, first initial, course code, dash, and assignment number. This  should be left justified, with the page number right justified. For example: MGT7019­8­5 Save a copy of your assignments: You may need to re­submit an assignment at your  instructor’s request. Make sure you save your files in accessible location.  Academic integrity: All work submitted in each course must be your own original work. This  includes all assignments, exams, term papers, and other projects required by your instructor.  Knowingly submitting another person’s work as your own, without properly citing the source of  the work, is considered plagiarism. This will result in an unsatisfactory grade for the work  submitted or for the entire course. It may also result in academic dismissal from the University. MGT7019­8­5 Thomas Schaefer, DBA Ethics Assignment 5 Faculty Use Only <Faculty comments here> <Faculty Name> <Grade Earned> <Date Graded> 2   Introduction The purpose of this week’s paper is to review discuss ethical issues in regards to  information technology.  The use of information technology allows an almost instantaneous  distribution of information.  At the rapid rate that information is being exchanged, one has to  wonder how accurate the information actually is as well as the how the information is being  used.  Many years ago the saying was along the lines of; a man’s word is his bond.  These days,  it may be difficult to find anyone that actually lives by this philosophy.  By adding the element  of technology where the person behind the scenes is a ghost, unethical practices are becoming  more and more common.   Brooks (2010) article discusses a number of areas which involve ethics and information  technology.  His article will be reviewed and evaluated in the following areas: 1) Societal ethical  changes caused by information technology, 2) The ethical usage of information technology, 3)  The development of a code of ethics associative with these ethical issues, 4) Enforcement issues  related to a code of ethics for information technology, 5) Interpret how a code of ethics would be established within an academic setting, especially with the advancement of the online  educational environment  Societal ethical changes caused by information technology Brooks (2010) article discusses a number of ethical considerations when referring to  technology and it’s uses. By taking a look at and and discussing these areas, we can not only  identify potential areas of concern but strategize on how to best incorporate the use of IT within  an educational environment.  To begin to understand this concept, we must first understand that  society is changing at faster pace than ever due to the speed of information exchange.  The                                                                   3   technology that is available at no more than the distance of a fingertip is remarkable compared to even ten years ago.  In addition, the way that society learns and conducts business is effected by  how technology is used and implemented.  Brooks (2010) discusses this point on how stealing, lying, and cheating in America’s  youth is on the rise each year.  The individuals that participated in a survey of these areas also  reported a viewpoint that they held very high ethical and moral standards.  The survey showed  that the perception that individuals had of themselves did not reflect in their actions.  This  discrepancy in viewpoint is then transferred into the business world as adults.  If these  individuals feel they have high ethics and high moral values and are committing the simplest of  ethical and moral crimes at a young age, they will bring these characteristics with them into the  working world.  If a young man has no problem with cheating on a test, what is to stop him from  acquiring insider trading information as an adult.      The ethical usage of information technology Brooks (2010) discussed a poll that was conducted by the Ponemon Institute in 2007 that  surveyed 16,000 practitioners.  This survey showed that 62% of IT employees accessed someone else’s computer without their knowledge, 50% had read confidential information that they  shouldn’t have, 42% had blatantly violated company privacy or security policy.  This also is  based upon people that were willing to actually admit their wrongdoing.   The next question that has to be asked is, why?  Do people just like to break the rules for  no reason or is it that they just aren’t in agreement with the rules put in place? It comes back to,  he who has the gold rules the kingdom.                                                                    4   Hamiti, Reka , and Baloghová (2015) discuss how students interpret the use of social media and whether or not it has a place in higher education. When asked, some felt the use of social media is ethical and moral and some did not. This goes back to the discussion of ethics is a function of philosophy and an attempt to understanding the right or wrongness of something. Yet again, it is but of someone’s opinion. The question goes to determining in which circumstances would social media in the electronic classroom be appropriate? Would it be appropriate in a setting of connecting a classroom or inappropriate? Would a professional account such as LinkedIn be more appropriate to connect students over a MySpace account when resumes or choosing people to interview on a certain topic? The answer would likely be yes, but would it be questioned as much when determining if a Snapchat or an Instagram account would be more appropriate in a course on photography? So, does social media have its place in education? It certainly could. The ethical factor would certainly be focused on the type of information shared over the medium. The development of a code of ethics associative with these ethical issues The biggest issue that lies within the development of a code of ethics starts off with who  is given the responsibility of making the rules.  In so many cases it starts with who has the most                                                                   5   gold.  He who has the most gold rules the kingdom.  How often have you hear the term, “Do as I  say, not as I do?”  The first problem with ethics is that everyone’s interpretation of ethics and  moral standards are different.  By nature, people are different, and by placing a certain set of  rules on a society that may or may not believe in the same set of values as the rule makers creates a significant discrepancy.   Dika and Hamiti (2011) discuss the use of Facebook by students and professors and the  potential ethical violations involved.  By sharing content that is personal and potentially  inappropriate, it could violate so many standards.  Now, while Facebook is against the ethical  standard, what would be the unethical standard of sharing LinkedIn profiles?  A student could  potentially develop a network in the field they are focused upon.  Does networking not outweigh  the ethical implication?  Whose decisions and whose rulebook is being followed in this instance? Enforcement issues related to a code of ethics for information technology There are so many issues with enforcing a code of ethics for information technology it is  hard to choose where to start.  First off, there would need to be a set code of ethics that  incorporated tangible evidence of compliance or non­compliance.  Without proof of concept, the  code would not be enforceable.  An example of an unenforceable ethics code for information technology is discussed by   Niederman, Taylor, Dick, & Land, (2011).  They discuss the ethical concept of the  appropriateness for a student to upload educational software to their work PC or can the only  upload it to their own personal PC?  If a work PC was the only option for an individual to  complete homework, would this outweigh the ethical dilemma?  If the boss authorized use of on  a work PC, does that make it less of an ethical dilemma?  There are so may variations of the                                                                   6   question that it could make your head spin.  It all goes back to who has created the rules and  what their standard was at the time of making the rules. Now the individual has to determine if  getting an education outweighs the dilemma of uploading software to a computer that they don’t  personally own.  To enforce this type of issue, one would have to find a way to detect the owner  of the computer.  It doesn’t seem as if it would be possible to be able to enforce a code of ethics  on this issue.  Interpret how a code of ethics would be established within an academic setting, especially  with the advancement of the online educational environment  Establishing and implementing a code of ethics in an online academic setting is an  extremely difficult thing to even attempt. It takes the kid from the actual physical classroom that  shifts his eyes to the person next door’s paper to an entirely new level.  An institution can not  rely on the fact that people will “do the right thing” just because they should.  In an online  setting, a school can only do so much. The Turnitin software is a great start and a very useful  tool.  It can be utilized as proof for the blatant cheaters that submit copied work or someone  else’s paper entirely.  While this is a step in the right direction, it would be extremely difficult to  catch people that pay others to write a paper or have the work done for them.  An instructor has  no real way to tell if the person on the other end is who signed up for the course and there’s only  one true way to implement policy.  This would be to have weekly online face­to­face testing  sessions to ensure the student understood the information being taught. Only in a discussion can  an instructor tell if that person is doing the work and turning in their own material.     Cheating these days takes on an entirely new form with websites such as and  One has to only input a homework question and  out pops up the answer.  Schools are creating problems that are exactly the same as other schools                                                                  7   and students are posting their answers.  Students may attempt to be helpful for free while others  are being paid for their assignments.  The way that information technology is now structured, it  allows for easy access to given questions.  In addition, Mayville (2011) discusses this exact issue and how easy it is to come across a paper on the Internet and turn it in as their own.  The lack of  face­to­face interaction is cited as one of the significant factors in why more people online cheat  over those that take a course in the classroom. One way to combat this would be to have the  instructors change their questions each semester to help deter individuals from the function of  copy and paste. That’s when one has to wonder when institutions do not require this of their  instructors.  While instructors shouldn’t be held accountable for cheating students, they should  also be aware of this fact and do what they can to circumvent this situation.    Conclusion  In conclusion, the purpose of this week’s paper is to review discuss ethical issues in  regards to information technology.  The use of information technology allows an almost  instantaneous distribution of information.  At the rapid rate that information is being exchanged,  one has to wonder how accurate the information actually is as well as the how the information is  being used. By adding the element of technology where the person behind the scenes is a ghost,  unethical practices are becoming more and more common.  In this paper a discussion of Brook’s  (2010) article and the effect of ethics on information technology.  This article discussed the  following concepts: 1) Societal ethical changes caused by information technology, 2) The ethical usage of information technology, 3) The development of a code of ethics associative with these  ethical issues, 4) Enforcement issues related to a code of ethics for information technology, 5)  Interpret how a code of ethics would be established within an academic setting, especially with  the advancement of the online educational environment                                                                   8   References Brooks, R. (2010). The development of A code of ethics: An online classroom  approach to making connections between ethical foundations and the challenges  presented by information technology. American Journal of Business Education, 3(10), 1­ 13. Retrieved from  accountid =28180 Chegg, 2015. Web. 23 Sept. 2015.  Course Hero Inc, 2015. Web. 23 Sept. 2015. Dika, A., & Hamiti, M. (2011). Challenges of implementing the ethics through the use of  information technologies in the university. Procedia ­ Social and Behavioral Sciences,  15(3rd World Conference on Educational Sciences ­ 2011), 1110­1114.  doi:10.1016/j.sbspro.2011.03.247 Mayville, K. L. (2011). Technology, cheating, ethics, and strategies for creating a culture  of honesty. Chart, 109(3), 6­10. Niederman, F., Taylor, S., Dick, G. N., & Land, L. W. (2011). Teaching is ethics: applying a  research technique for classroom use. Journal of Information Systems Education, 22(3),  239­251 Turnitin, 2015. Web. 24 Sept. 2015. Hamiti, M., Reka, B., & Baloghová, A. (2014). Ethical use of information technology in  high education. Procedia ­ Social and Behavioral Sciences, 116(5th World Conference  on Educational Sciences), 4411­4415. doi:10.1016/j.sbspro.2014.01.957                                                                 


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