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Week 5 Humanities Notes

by: Jamie Higgins

Week 5 Humanities Notes 23032

Jamie Higgins

GPA 4.0

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The Baroque and Puritans
Humanities II
Dr. Bruce MacQueen
Class Notes
25 ?




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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Jamie Higgins on Monday February 15, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to 23032 at Tulsa Community College taught by Dr. Bruce MacQueen in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 10 views. For similar materials see Humanities II in Arts and Humanities at Tulsa Community College.


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Date Created: 02/15/16
Lecture 9 2.9.16 The Baroque • There is a “Protestant” Baroque (to the North) and a “Catholic” Baroque - Many of Rome’s churches belong to the Baroque period • Baroque art (painting and sculpture), architecture (churches, but not just churches, also they don’t want complete symmetry any more), and music seem to have some features in common: - Ornamentation: a delight in what is intricate, exceptional, literally and figuratively rich Sudden changes: not frequent, but not rare, either, such as arches that seem incomplete, - changes of musical key - “Redecorating” - gutting older churches and replacing the decoration with “modern” (i.e. Baroque) elements ATimeline for Gdansk • 985 (?) - City founded by Mieszko I, first king of Poland in the region known as Pomerania, on the Baltic coast • 999 - Inhabitants of “Gydolannyzc” converted to Christianty by St.Adalbert (“Wojciech” in Polish) • 1215-1271 - Gdansk is the capital of an autonomous Duchy of Pomerelia • 1308-1454 - Gdansk ruled by Tentonic Knights (renames “Danzig”) • 1454-1793 - Gdansk is again Polish • 1793-1919 - Gdansk (again “Danzig”) is part of the kingdom of Prussia, which after 1870 expands into modern Germany • 1919-1939 - Danzig/Gdansk is a “free city” jointly administered by Germany and Poland • 1945 - present - After WWII, German inhabitants are expelled and the city returns to Poland Absolutism in England • Elizabeth I was succeeded by the son of Mary, Queen of Scotland, whose name was James - He was already King James VI of Scotland and became James I of England. This created the “personal union” of England and Scotland. Lecture 9 2.9.16 • James I was succeeded by his son, Charles I, who was inspired by the ideology ofAbsolutism and the example of Louis XIV, and reigned from 1645 until his execution in 1649 - Was married to a Catholic, Henrietta Maria of France, sister of Louis XIV • Charles’behavior fully brought about the English Civil War (1642-1643), when the predominately, Calvinist “Low Church” faction (called “Roundheads” because they cut their hair quite short) defeated the High Church faction that supported Charles The Puritans • The Puritans were Calvinists: they believed in salvation by predestination, that they were the “elect” They were not Separatists: that is, they intended to stay in the Church of England but they - wanted to “purify” it al all traces of Catholicism (hence the name) - They were not Presbyterians: that is, they were not followers of John Knox, like the Scots. Relations with Scotland under Puritan Rule were difficult • The Puritans closed theaters and banned all public “amusements” - But Puritan poets often wrote love poetry that, thought “lame” by our standards, can be surprisingly intimate, even erotic “To the Virgins, to Make Much of Time” — Robert Herrick, Puritan Poet, 1648 John Donne (1572-1631) • Born to a Catholic family • Educated in Oxford • Wrote love poems and philosophical poetry • Served two terms in Parliament • Ordered by James I to become anAnglican priest • In 1624, suffered a serious illness from which he did not expect to recover, during which he wrote the Meditations Lecture 10 2.11.16 No notes, only a dissection of Meditations XVII


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