New User Special Price Expires in

Let's log you in.

Sign in with Facebook


Don't have a StudySoup account? Create one here!


Create a StudySoup account

Be part of our community, it's free to join!

Sign up with Facebook


Create your account
By creating an account you agree to StudySoup's terms and conditions and privacy policy

Already have a StudySoup account? Login here

Intro to Philosophy: Greek Foundations Notes Week Two

by: Kaitlyn Gendron

Intro to Philosophy: Greek Foundations Notes Week Two Philosophy 10200

Marketplace > Ithaca College > PHIL-Philosophy > Philosophy 10200 > Intro to Philosophy Greek Foundations Notes Week Two
Kaitlyn Gendron
GPA 3.65

Preview These Notes for FREE

Get a free preview of these Notes, just enter your email below.

Unlock Preview
Unlock Preview

Preview these materials now for free

Why put in your email? Get access to more of this material and other relevant free materials for your school

View Preview

About this Document

These notes cover what was discussed in class and in the readings during week two of classes.
Introduction to Philosophy Greek Foundations
Prof. Robert Klee
Class Notes
philosophy, Greek Philosophy, intro to philosophy
25 ?




Popular in Introduction to Philosophy Greek Foundations

Popular in PHIL-Philosophy

This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Kaitlyn Gendron on Monday February 15, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Philosophy 10200 at Ithaca College taught by Prof. Robert Klee in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 10 views. For similar materials see Introduction to Philosophy Greek Foundations in PHIL-Philosophy at Ithaca College.


Reviews for Intro to Philosophy: Greek Foundations Notes Week Two


Report this Material


What is Karma?


Karma is the currency of StudySoup.

You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!

Date Created: 02/15/16
Intro to Philosophy Greek Foundations Notes Week Two  Arche- “First Principle” o Seeds of all kinds need water/moisture to grow o Water was the only substance the Greeks knew existed in all 3 states of matter. Gas, Liquid, Solid Naturalism- The belief in the things around you (water, trees, etc.) being able to describe life and other things vs. gods Ockham’s Razor- Trying to explain the most with the least Reductionism- The act of trying to lower your error risk by explaining things in a minimalistic way “Metaphysical comments are nonsense” they don’t say anything so they can never be true or false.  Greek Physics- (Backwards from modern concept) The natural state of being was to be at absolute rest. (Versus an object in motion will stay in motion until a separate force is acts upon it)  There is no evidence Thales was a personally religious man (despite what is stated in some of his fragments about his beliefs discussing the gods) Anaximander (c. 610 – 540 B.C.E.)  It is unknown if he was a pupil of Thales or a competing thinker  His Arche: ‘To Aperion’ (completely abstract) “Unbounded” not limited by having particular properties. “The indefinite” Reading on Anaximander’s Fragments:  Was said to have been the first person to construct a map of the world o (Said to have) Set up a gnomon at Sparta o (Said to have) predicted an earthquake o His Arche is indefinite, constantly moving, and eternal which qualifies it as being divine o He had theories of the origins of the heavens and why the Earth remains fixed where it is. o Made claims about the origins of things including living phenomena (ex. Humans and other things)  “(aperion)…contain(s) all things and steer(s) all things as all declare who do not fashion other causes aside from the infinite (to aperion) and this is the divine. For it is deathless and indestructible…” (Aristotle, Physics 3.4 203b10-15 12A15)  “He declares that what arose from the eternal and is productive of (or “capable of giving birth to”) hot and cold was separated of at the coming to be of this kosmos and a kind of sphere of flame from this grew around the dark mist about the Earth like bark about a tree. When it was broken of and enclosed in certain circles, the sun, the moon, the stars came to be.” (Pseudo- Plutarch, Miscellanies 2 12A10)  “Anaximander says that the stars are borne by the circles and spheres on which each one is mounted.” (Aeitus 2.16.5 12A18)  “The Earth is a lot and is not supported by anything it stays at rest because its distance from all things is equal. The Earth’s shape is curved, round, like a stone column. We walk on one of the surfaces and the other one is set opposite…The circle of the sun is 27x that of the Earth and that of the moon 18 times…” (Hippolytus, Refutation of all Heresies)  “Anaximander says that these (thunder, lightning, thunder bolts, waterspouts, and hurricanes) all result from wind. Whenever it is enclosed in a thick cloud and forcibly escapes because it is so fine and light, then the bursting (of the cloud) creates the noise and the splitting creates the flash against the blackness of the cloud.” (Aetius 3.31 12A23)  To Aperion- The indefinite  Arguments against Thales’ belief in the Arche water o 1.) Everything has a definite nature- many of which are incompatible with each other o 2.) Nothing with a definite nature could become or from the foundation for (the arche of) something with an incompatible definite nature o 3.) Water has a definite nature incompatible with many things therefore, water cannot be the arche of all things  Ancient Grecians believed Earth, wind (air), water, and fire, to be the elements.  Fragment 17 of Anaximander is arguably the 1 philosophical discussion/conversation that has been documented. (By attempting to understand what certain concepts mean)  Fragment 18 “Anaximander says that the first animals were produced in moisture, enclosed in thorny barks…” (Aetius 5.19.4 12A30) o The attempt to provide a naturalistic explanation as to how humans come about


Buy Material

Are you sure you want to buy this material for

25 Karma

Buy Material

BOOM! Enjoy Your Free Notes!

We've added these Notes to your profile, click here to view them now.


You're already Subscribed!

Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'

Why people love StudySoup

Jim McGreen Ohio University

"Knowing I can count on the Elite Notetaker in my class allows me to focus on what the professor is saying instead of just scribbling notes the whole time and falling behind."

Anthony Lee UC Santa Barbara

"I bought an awesome study guide, which helped me get an A in my Math 34B class this quarter!"

Jim McGreen Ohio University

"Knowing I can count on the Elite Notetaker in my class allows me to focus on what the professor is saying instead of just scribbling notes the whole time and falling behind."


"Their 'Elite Notetakers' are making over $1,200/month in sales by creating high quality content that helps their classmates in a time of need."

Become an Elite Notetaker and start selling your notes online!

Refund Policy


All subscriptions to StudySoup are paid in full at the time of subscribing. To change your credit card information or to cancel your subscription, go to "Edit Settings". All credit card information will be available there. If you should decide to cancel your subscription, it will continue to be valid until the next payment period, as all payments for the current period were made in advance. For special circumstances, please email


StudySoup has more than 1 million course-specific study resources to help students study smarter. If you’re having trouble finding what you’re looking for, our customer support team can help you find what you need! Feel free to contact them here:

Recurring Subscriptions: If you have canceled your recurring subscription on the day of renewal and have not downloaded any documents, you may request a refund by submitting an email to

Satisfaction Guarantee: If you’re not satisfied with your subscription, you can contact us for further help. Contact must be made within 3 business days of your subscription purchase and your refund request will be subject for review.

Please Note: Refunds can never be provided more than 30 days after the initial purchase date regardless of your activity on the site.