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History of Photography: Week 3

by: ChristopherMetallo

History of Photography: Week 3 CNPH 24000-01

Marketplace > Ithaca College > Film > CNPH 24000-01 > History of Photography Week 3
GPA 3.8

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About this Document

Nadar, Baudelaire, The Historic Monuments Commission, collecting photography, and war photography.
History of Photography
Rhonda Vanover
Class Notes
Photography, history, War
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This 8 page Class Notes was uploaded by ChristopherMetallo on Monday February 15, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to CNPH 24000-01 at Ithaca College taught by Rhonda Vanover in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 22 views. For similar materials see History of Photography in Film at Ithaca College.


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Date Created: 02/15/16
FEB 9,11 History of Photography Week 3: - Charles Baudelaire • Art critic who believed that photography was a recording device but not art • 1859 industry ruined whatever might remain divine of the french mind - Nadar • Artificial lighting - used an arc lamp to take pictures in the catacombs • First to do aerial photography • Nadar and Adrian Tournachon, Perriot the Photographer, 1854-55, paper print, paris - Like Annie Lebowitz - Had a posse of people to help him take his photographs. H had the idea and then hired people to make it happen • Sarah Bernhardt, 1864, Collodion on glass negative - start using models and gestures, and - artificial lighting - 19th century processes Daguerreotype - 1839 • • Calotype - 1841 - WHFT • Cyanotypes - 1842 - John Herschel • Ambrotypes - 1854 - image on glass - James Cutting - Glass was treated with collodion 1 FEB 9,11 - developed a glass negative - black of glass was coated with a black to create a positive - not reflective like the daguerreotype - William b Becker, • Tintypes - 1856 - inexpensive process that rendered positive on thin sheets of iron - lightweight - easy to carry and send in the mail - invented by Hamilton Smith • Stereographs - 1854/89 - Rendered 3d - Travel, education, entertainment - Marketed globally - brought into question copyright laws • The Carte DE viste - 1854, French photog Andre Disderi - Called a card photo in the US - Small portrait mounted on cardboard about the size of credit card - Rapid application, cheap - Could render many photographs on one plate • Cliche Verre - 1853 - glass plate covered in dark coming - artist scratches int coating and onto the image - The Sower, 1862, cliche verre, Jean Fracois Millet • Wet pate collodion 2 FEB 9,11 - Fredrick scott archer - Chemistry goes on the plate - Sally Mann • Faces Series - Blurry, ghost like, soft - They all look similar Proud Flesh • - of her husband who has muscular dystrophy - Very imperfect - Collecting • Museums begin collecting images of known photographers • Architectural • picturesque • Beginnings of fine art photography • Photography was targeting the masses, could be access by everyone - Photography changes how we perceive ourselves and others - Oliver Wendell Holmes • contemplated photography, a new medium which emerged from the scientific and tech experiments of and cultural energies of his own time • Thought it as an inconceivable wonder • speaks evocatively of the mediums representation accuracy • no invention can compete - Landscape: The Rolling Fields of War • 1850-60 - rise in amateur photographers - new interest in racial qualities/ differences 3 FEB 9,11 - crimean war begins - New York Times is established - Harper’s Weekly is founded - Darwin, Origin of species • Photography becomes a way to document and report • Ruins of Hamburg Fire, Hermann Biow, 1842, daguerreotype - beginning of photographing architecture and/or the aftermath of events • Burning of Oswego Mills, George Bernard, jul 5 1853, Daguerreotype - colored - first of photo journalism • Portrait de Norte Dame de Paris, NMP Lerebours, plate 43 from Excursions, Daguerriennes - Harsh shadows and contested light - Can see a man taking a picture • The Historic Monuments Commission - Architecture - Cityscapes becoming popular - Monuments from the past defined cities, thus increasing interest - Baldus, Bayard, Le Gray, Le Secq, Mestral • Panorama of Paris, Frederick von Martens, 1846, Daguerreotype - 1st panorama - Taken with a special rotating camera Baldus • - painter/ photographer - Gives viewer bold geometric view of landscapes - Cloister of Saint Trephine, Baldus, Arles, 1851 4 FEB 9,11 • foreground is painted in • Joined negatives together to create the view • Starts questioning of reality • Le Secq - Known for his monuments commission - Tower of Kings, Reims Cathedral, 1851 no ground, photographer got high to get a different perspective • - Farmyard scene, 1852, cyanotype print from paper negative • haunting, sharp contrast • shadows mute the detail of the foreground • Charles Negre - Not chosen to be part of the commission - Chimney Sweeps Walking, 1851, Salted Paper Print • done in a journalistic way • posed the subjects within the frame • Gustav Le Grey - technician/ chemist - Softening effect to his imagery - nature can be rendered in a painterly way - Forest of Fontainebleau, 1851, Salt print from wax paper negative • attempting to invite the viewer into a scene of nature • approaching enormity of nature - The Great Wave, sete, 1857, album silver pint from 2 glass negatives • first HDR composite, exposing for sky and water and editing them together - Bring upon the Water, 1856, Albumen print • Goal of 1860’s landscape photographer 5 FEB 9,11 - make a picture that is purely photographic, yet at the same time beautiful and appealing to the customer, but that could still be experienced as conventional and a product of scientific law. Week 3: Thurs Feb 11th • Imaging War - technically difficult - What does it mean to photograph war - lengthy process and prep of materials - What should war pics look like? - Lack of viewing space? Who wants to see these? Market? • New York Times - They are restricted to what happens in front of the lens. why? • Mexico American War - Joined together by the rise of american newspapers - Lithographs and wood engraving — not considered authentic enough - First tim war correspondents were dispatched - Death of Major Ringgold of the Flying Artillery, may 8th 1846, Lithograph • active facial expression, sympathetic • No blood because it is black and white • Missing a foot • Don't see the violent side of war • Hint of exoticism - General Wool and Staff, Calle Real, Saltilo, Mexico; 1847; Daguerreotype • Difficult to render photographs of moments because they are still shooting on daguerreotypes 6 FEB 9,11 • Uses - Land surveys (topographical, historical,and aesthetic) - The photograph as spy - the emotional impact of war - document loved ones - evidence of event - copying maps - teaching recruits - recording experiments with weapons • The next European war will send us stenographs of battles” - Oliver Wendell Homes • Crimean War (1853-56) - Roger Fenton, British • founded photographic society • long exposures meant posed photographs • Valley of the shadow of Death, 1855, Paper Print - can see cannonballs in the back. - Taken after the war - Positioned he cannonballs in the street - Not photographing war, doing portraits or landscapes after the fact • The Royal Family in Buckingham Palace, 1854, Paper Print • Marcus Sparling Seated on Roger Fenton’s Photographic van - Jays Robertson • counterpart to Fenton • british • amateur landscape photographer 7 FEB 9,11 - Civil War • 1861 War begins • fought over issue of slavery • Bergstresser Brothers • Mathew Brady - New York, 1840’s became a celebrity photography shooting political figures - Firm created during the Civil War. Contracted photographers to be dispatched to various parts of the war - Abraham Lincoln, 1860, slated paper print • Alexander Gardner & Timothy o sullivan Civil war Journals - Alexander Gardner • - Give an example of Gardner’s sequencing of events - What do you think becomes more important scenes of battle of aftermath? Why? - How do Gardener’s photographs influence what the viewer sees? 8


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