History 112 Week 5
History 112 Week 5 History 112
Popular in American History Since 1865
Popular in History
This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Sequoia Brown on Monday February 15, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to History 112 at University of South Carolina taught by Foxworth in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 19 views. For similar materials see American History Since 1865 in History at University of South Carolina.
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Date Created: 02/15/16
1 History 112 February 11, 2016 Progressivism for African Americans Plessy V Fergusion (1896) o Decided that segregation was ok but ‘separate but equal’ o This did not guarantee equal rights, people more worried about the SEPARATE Legitimizing southern segregation laws This is Regressive Lyching is a big problem in the south (hanging, bobbing)- most black males and distributed as post cards o Ida B. Wells (starts an antilyching movement in America) and anti- lynching Not tied to rape, but power Black women organize Wrote “Lynch law in all its phases” People think that lynching has to do with black man rapping a white woman and in her book she talks about these myths Only 30% only had a rape allegation from a black man o Banned interracial relationships because it messes with social order 70%had nothing to do with rape o She mobilizes black woman groups and she speaks on behalf of black men and stands up for them Built civic structures to support the black men o Lynching is Regressive At the turn of the century black people moved from the South in 1910 o 6 million people traveling to the North like Chicago, NYC, Detroit where there are jobs from the Gilded Age Booker T. Washington (progressive)- advocates racial progress and very th important at the end of the 19 century o Racial uplift as strategy for achieving social equality Racial uplift is targeted for the black middle class and extends to white people for the process of racial uplift o “Cast down your bucket where you are” If you are a middle class family, you are supposed to help out the people less fortunate or not as educated and lift up the race as a whole 2 Assumption is that if you correct the image of the ‘black uneducated man’ then the white people will treat the African American race better o (MAJOR ASSUMPTION) o Particularly influential with middle class o Strong advocate of industrial education Implies that black people need to be patient Niagara Movement (1905) o Founded by W.E. Dubois and William Troter Wanted discrimination to END and wants the government to do something about it Did not last that long o Formed to opposed ideas of Booker T Washington because they think action is needed for change NAACP (1909) Nation association and the colored people o Organization that investigates discrimination and write field reports for various areas around the country Poverty rates, discrimination o W.E.B Dubois, Ida B. Well, and other were a part of this organization o By 1911 they have about 19,000 circulation and doubles the next year Local branches investigate racial conditions around the country o 1915 organizes a boycott (activism taking place) o “The Crisis”- publication authored by Dubois and it was prompting awareness about the movement of activism and publication rates sky rocket 9,000- 27,000 from 1911 to 1912 Know W.E.B Dubois was a major critique of Booker T. Washington and was a part of the Niagara Movement and the NAACP o Thinks that Booker T. Washington ideas are ridiculous because Dubois thinks the government should get involved Notes on Movie “America Becomes a World Power” 3 Can be found on the T Coop library Theodore Roosevelt Reasons for expansion 1. Economic 2. Military strength- if US lacked forces the wouldn’t be about to fend themselves against enemies 3. Racial superiority of white people th Late 19 century expansion Matthew Parry- advocated or expansion and wanted to get ports Asks the Japanese to open trade and wanted permission for the US to refuel at the Japanese ports March 31, 1854- treaty opens US to be allowed on Japanese territory Another method of obtaining land was to buy it Alaska May 30 1867- Seward signed treaty of sensation for 2 million dollars from the Russian Hawaii- early 1800’s missionaries went to Hawaii Americans started to dominate the economy January 1891 Queen didn’t like Americans on the Hawaiian territory Americans assembled their own government on Hawaii after the Queen surrendered William McKinley Definitions from the movie Roosevelt Corollary to the Monroe Doctrine - Dates back from the 1823 - Monroe Doctrine (1823): European powers stay out of Western Hemisphere or else - Roosevelt renews and extends to threaten intervention if Latin American countries themselves do not act ‘with decency’ Big Stick Diplomacy: - Diplomacy should work (wants enemies to be very afraid) - U.S. has a powerful military if it needs to use it 4 - Puts the U.S. on an international stage - Also used to reinforce power in Latin Taft: Dollar Diplomacy - Handpicked to run by Theodore Roosevelt o Dollar Diplomacy- will provoke anti American intimate Designed to create and enforce commercial treaties in Western Hemisphere Wants the US to invest in Latin America “financial missionary work’ o Stability is not met o It is difficult to use commercial force Wilson: Reluctant Progressive - Wins due to split Republican vote - Less concerned with foreign affair, but with moral obligations - Doesn’t initially see himself as Progressive but champions some reforms eventually
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