New User Special Price Expires in

Let's log you in.

Sign in with Facebook


Don't have a StudySoup account? Create one here!


Create a StudySoup account

Be part of our community, it's free to join!

Sign up with Facebook


Create your account
By creating an account you agree to StudySoup's terms and conditions and privacy policy

Already have a StudySoup account? Login here

Chapter 7 ~ Reactions

by: JessicaJ

Chapter 7 ~ Reactions BS 161

Marketplace > Michigan State University > BS 161 > Chapter 7 Reactions

Preview These Notes for FREE

Get a free preview of these Notes, just enter your email below.

Unlock Preview
Unlock Preview

Preview these materials now for free

Why put in your email? Get access to more of this material and other relevant free materials for your school

View Preview

About this Document

These notes were taken on 2/10/16 and 2/12/16. They cover the glycolysis, krebs cycle, fermentation and other various reactions covered in this chapter.
Dr. Stolzfus
Class Notes
krebs cycle, glycolysis, fermentation, reactions
25 ?




Popular in Biology

Popular in Department

This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by JessicaJ on Monday February 15, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to BS 161 at Michigan State University taught by Dr. Stolzfus in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 24 views.


Reviews for Chapter 7 ~ Reactions


Report this Material


What is Karma?


Karma is the currency of StudySoup.

You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!

Date Created: 02/15/16
Chapter 7 Reactions  Catabolic pathway o Breaks down glucose and makes ATP o Couples the oxidation of glucose to synthesize ATP Glucose + 2ADP + 2P + 2iAD  2Pyruvate + 2ATP + 2NADH + 2H + + 2H O 2  Dehydrogenases o 2 active sites on enzymes bind to:  Coenzyme  C substrate  Carry out oxidation reduction reactions  High  low potential energy  Coenzymes in redox reactions o Lower G  high+r G  NADP (photosynthesis)  FAD  Identifying oxidation of carbon in catabolism NA NAD H ATP ATP ADP AT ADP ADP AT ADP Substrate-level phosphorylation Where glycolysis occurs in a redox reaction + Happens because NAD is transferred to NADH 2ADP  2ATP = ∆G<0  Substrate-level phosphorylation and kinases o ATP transfers P to get ADP o Kinase always involved in pyruvate transfer  Glycolysis o Converting glucose to 2 pyruvates in exergonic o Carbon is oxidized in this pathway 2NAD 2NAD 1 2Pyruva  Aerobic Respiration vs. Fermentationysi te Glucose s 2AT 2AP o Problems  Amount of NAD coenzyme in a cell is quite limited  Accumulation of NADH & H + +  Depletion of NAD  During glycolysis, conversion of glucose to pyruvate oxidizes C & reduces coenzymes.  During fermentation, conversion of pyruvate to lactate reduces C & oxidizes coenzyme. Quiz  What process oxidizes glucose  pyruvate? o Glycolysis  What process connects glycolysis to Krebs cycle? o Pyruvate oxidation +  What causes NADH  NAD o Electron transport chain Cycles and Reactions (continued)  Glycolysis o Breaks down glucose into 2 molecules of pyruvate  Pyruvate oxidation o Breaks down pyruvate to acetyl-CoA & CO 2  Electron transport and chemiosmosis o Oxidizes NADH & FADH gene2ated  Carbon in pyruvate o Both oxidized and reduced  Krebs Cycle o Oxidizes actyl-CoA to 2 mols of CO 2 Acetyl-CoA + 3NAD + FAD + ADP + P + 2H O  2CO + CoA-SH + 3NADH + + i 2 2 3H + FADH +AT2 o C is oxidized o Catabolic pathway o Acetyl-CoA is exergonic  Citric acid cycle o Produces 3 NADH o Produces 2 FADH 2  Each glucose mol. That enters cellular respiration is catabolized by glycolysis & pyruvate oxidation which results in the production of FADH 2 o 4 carbon atoms enter as acetyl-CoA o 4 carbon atoms leave as CO 2  Electron transport chain o Oxidizes NADH & FADH to NA2 & FAD + o Reduces O to2H O 2


Buy Material

Are you sure you want to buy this material for

25 Karma

Buy Material

BOOM! Enjoy Your Free Notes!

We've added these Notes to your profile, click here to view them now.


You're already Subscribed!

Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'

Why people love StudySoup

Bentley McCaw University of Florida

"I was shooting for a perfect 4.0 GPA this semester. Having StudySoup as a study aid was critical to helping me achieve my goal...and I nailed it!"

Allison Fischer University of Alabama

"I signed up to be an Elite Notetaker with 2 of my sorority sisters this semester. We just posted our notes weekly and were each making over $600 per month. I LOVE StudySoup!"

Steve Martinelli UC Los Angeles

"There's no way I would have passed my Organic Chemistry class this semester without the notes and study guides I got from StudySoup."


"Their 'Elite Notetakers' are making over $1,200/month in sales by creating high quality content that helps their classmates in a time of need."

Become an Elite Notetaker and start selling your notes online!

Refund Policy


All subscriptions to StudySoup are paid in full at the time of subscribing. To change your credit card information or to cancel your subscription, go to "Edit Settings". All credit card information will be available there. If you should decide to cancel your subscription, it will continue to be valid until the next payment period, as all payments for the current period were made in advance. For special circumstances, please email


StudySoup has more than 1 million course-specific study resources to help students study smarter. If you’re having trouble finding what you’re looking for, our customer support team can help you find what you need! Feel free to contact them here:

Recurring Subscriptions: If you have canceled your recurring subscription on the day of renewal and have not downloaded any documents, you may request a refund by submitting an email to

Satisfaction Guarantee: If you’re not satisfied with your subscription, you can contact us for further help. Contact must be made within 3 business days of your subscription purchase and your refund request will be subject for review.

Please Note: Refunds can never be provided more than 30 days after the initial purchase date regardless of your activity on the site.