War Planning Processes (early 1900s)
War Planning Processes (early 1900s) History 4394
Popular in American Military History after 1865
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Sophie Walker on Monday February 15, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to History 4394 at Baylor University taught by Dr. David Smith in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 11 views. For similar materials see American Military History after 1865 in History at Baylor University.
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Date Created: 02/15/16
Planning Process Wednesday, February 17, 2016 8:16 AM -Pacific/Islands: -Dutch, US, Germany, Brit, Jp, Spanish, French: all have control in Pacific Ocean in 1 Jan 1898 -Phil War disperses Spanish power in Philippines -after WWI: more reshuffling; Germany loses all these colonies -Brit, US, Jp gains all of them/expand in the area -Guam: US possession in the middle of JP mandates -reflects Mahan's coaling stations/harbors/ports -every 1000 miles a modern ship steams away from a base, it loses 10% of its fighting effectiveness -5400 miles: Pearly Harbor to Manila -formula correct: US fleet is less than 50% effective -want to make shorter lines -how to offset: -build chains of bases to span great distance: Pearl, Midway, Wake, Guam, then Manila --> comes into play when think about fighting JP in WW2 -nuclear powered ships: only for air craft carriers/subs -this throws the "coal equation" out of the window -have nuke air carrier but coal-engine support ships --> affects things -never want coal reserves to be less than 50% -today: still issues with gas-powered stuff; today air planes with fuel can be an issues; safer to have a full tank than 1/2 full -material aspects of strategy: -what do you material requirements dictate to your strategic choices -have to combine what want to do/what can do -ie have to take fuel into account -general board of the navy: -Navy's first peace-time planning committee -don't do very much but the beginning of pre-ware thinking about planning -how to fight the JP if have to: War Plan Orange: -always retweaking/looking at -how long can Army hold out in Philippines? -Need Army to hold out until Navy comes: can only hold out for 5 weeks -Navy needs 6 weeks to get there -how do they compromise? How do they help each other -Army has a Corbettian view about the Navy: Navy is there to supply to Army -We need Navy to come rescue us -Navy/Mahan view: -N is going to destroy the JP navy -since 1970s: much better to make plans together; restructure the entire command -first plan: 1907 (plan for 190-1914): more theoretical; after WW1 more likely -1925: JP sinks Russian fleet -if JP attacks Guam/Philippines: most probably way war would begin -if war breaks out: -cross the Pacific/go over there to fight them -bring Atlantic fleet all the way under south America; stop at San Fran -1914: Panama Canal opens: such a big deal bc main fleet is in Atlantic --> cuts the distance/fuel at least in half -we have to go there bc JP wouldn't move past Pearl Harbor -JP are also thinking this (not much planning until after 1920) -Sept 1922 (updated): -by 1922: JP has expanded to Marshall islands -League of Nats gives them to them -Navy sees that can't do a direct dash bc JP is going to stop them -JP wants to be the dominant power in the W Pacific: control their sphere of influence/have the power to exclude others -these islands will be able to exclude the US Navy -after 20s: JP's navy is capped (but at 3/5 of the US Navy's size) -US is much bigger --> concentration is more important; JP attrition on US fleet is more important -doesn't give up garrison -1928: -US fleet comes in/breaks up -accepts that Phil is going to fall -need to have war plans ready -effects of Spanish Amer war of taking Phil -have to start thinking about JP's growth/possible outcomes for the future Look up: Donald Rumsfeld Press Conferences -any plans with war with Iran?
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