HIST150 The Reformation
HIST150 The Reformation History 150
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Sarah Foster on Monday February 15, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to History 150 at Ball State University taught by Dr. Malone in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 18 views. For similar materials see The West in the World in History at Ball State University.
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Date Created: 02/15/16
th The Reformation – 16 c Martin Luther • October 31, 1517—Martin Luther unwittingly started the Reformation with his Ninety -Five Theses • He wrote this document in response to Johann Tetzel’s sales of indulgences • Indulgence—a piece of paper that granted remission of part or all of the time an individual might have to spend in purgatory due to sin th • By the end of the 15 century, indulgences were for sales. People could buy them for themselves and their dead relatives. • “As soon of the coin of the coffer rings, the soul from Purgatory springs.” – Tetzel The Ninety-Five Theses • 27. It is mere human talk to preach that the soul flies out [of purgatory] immediately the money clinks in the collection-box. • 28. It is certainly possible that when the money clinks in the collection -box greed and avarice can increase; but the intercession of the Church depends on the will of God alone. • 81. This wanton preaching of pardons makes it difficult even for learned men to redeem re spect due to the Pope from slanders or at least the shrewd questioning of the laity. • 94. Christians should be exhorted to seek earnestly to follow Christ, their Head, through penalties, deaths, and hells. • 95. And let them thus be more confident of ente ring heaven through many tribulations rather than through a false assurance of peace. Effects • He did this action to create an academic debate in the university • Translated from Latinà German, reprinted • Dissatisfied with the Catholic Church o Thought it was to wealthy and controlling • 1520—Luther published a pamphlet, To The Christian Nobility (German Nobility) o Encouraged to cut off from the Catholic Church and establish a reformed church within the German state • Pope Leo X issued a papal edict condemning Luther; he was excommunicated Fredrick of Saxony • Charles V (the Holy Roman Emperor) summoned Luther to a meeting; Luther refused to recant his heretical ideas • Saves Luther when he kidnapped and hid him for a year Johann Gutenberg • Moveable type for printin g (c. 1450) • By 1500 there were more than 1,000 printing shops in Europe Lucas Cranach • Known for woodcuts • Shows that the Pope is corrupt and not a holy figure Catholicism vs. Lutheranism Catholicism Lutheranism Salvation—achieved through faith and good Faith alone works Final authority on religious matters —the Bible the Bible and decisions made by Popes and Chu rch Councils Only the clergy can read and interpret the Everyone should read the Bible Bible correctly Beliefs and practices that had no basis in the Bible were eliminated Implications • Establishment of other Protestant groups, end of religious unity and Papal supremacy • Religious warfare, example of religious warfare in German states btw. 1546 and 1555 • Religious persecution and massacres • St. Bartholomew’s Day Massacre; massacre if Huguenot (French Calvinists)
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