Intro to Swahili, Week 1 Notes
Intro to Swahili, Week 1 Notes swah/cmlt/afst 3020
Popular in The Swahili and the World II
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Bethany on Monday February 15, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to swah/cmlt/afst 3020 at University of Georgia taught by Dr. Maganda in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 23 views. For similar materials see The Swahili and the World II in African Studies at University of Georgia.
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Date Created: 02/15/16
Intro to Swahili II Week One Notes February 16, 2016 What is LANGUAGE? Linguistic skill or expression A communication tool Nuance of identity Gauge of global influence Undisputable social and political sorting machine Authoritative force of control Great power that shapes and reflects the human mind Ever changing phenomena that defines human reality * Language is not a mere communication tool, language embodies history, beholds the present while predicting, propelling and controlling the future. Background: When you think of Africa, if nothing else comes to your mind, at least one does: POVERTY. The definition of LANGUAGE allows us to Recognize why language issues within any society shape and disclose what lies within people’s minds and what transpires in their societies. We therefore need to examine Language attitudes and ideology. Language Attitudes: Language attitudes are 1. Specific, low level ‘states’ (mentalist) or ‘responses’ (behaviorist) or opinions. 2. Complex and various reactions towards language 3. Occur on multiple dimensions to an aspect of language 4. Can be contradictory, in that people may hold attitudes that seem to contradict 5. THEY ARE NOT SYSTEMATIC Language Ideologies involve some kind of rationalization that builds up and sustains a framework of ideas and facts about social relations. Definition: Language ideology is the belief systems related to and informing linguistic behavior as well as the framework that shapes decisions about language acquisition and use (Kroskrity, 2004). Four key aspects of Language Ideology: 1. Cognitive: It structures a person’s perceptions and predetermines his understandings of the social world, expressing these cognitions in characteristic symbols; 2. Affective: it tells a person whether what he/she "ʺsees"ʺ is good or bad or morally neutral; and 3. Programmatic: it propels a person to act in accordance with his cognitions and evaluations Intro to Swahili II Week One Notes February 16, 2016 4. Solidary: as a committed member of a political group, in pursuit of definite social objectives.” (Higgs 1987) Main foundations of Language Ideologies Language Ideologies permeate schooling and contributes to language shifts and maintenance around the world (Woolard & Schieffelin, 1994; Maganda, 2014). The significance of Language Ideology Language ideologies help us understand: 1. How language helps to construct and maintain forms of power 2. How social and political symbols are created to form individual, group and national identity. 3. How words are associated with positive or negative aspects of people’s identity that result in stereotypes. Issues of Language & Governance * Global Africa: Europeans identify Africans through language: ‐ If you speak Hausa, you are Hausa. ‐ Africans relate to each other based on their shared colonizer. “1/5 black people on Earth have a European language for a mother tongue” English, French, Portuguese, Spanish, Dutch 1. French depends on the global status more than English for African countries. 2. Link between languages and white domination over the black population should never be undermined. * Language policy and racial attitudes often stem from the 4 forces responsible for spread and evolution of language: religion, economics, politics and war.
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